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Muhammad Ali (; born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, entertainer, poet and philanthropist. Nicknamed The Greatest, he is widely regarded as one of the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century, and is frequently ranked as the greatest heavyweight boxer of all time. In 1999, he was named Sportsman of the Century by Sports Illustrated and the Sports Personality of the Century by the BBC. Born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, he began training as an amateur boxer at age 12. At 18, he won a gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics and turned professional later that year. He became a Muslim after 1961. He won the world heavyweight championship from Sonny Liston in a major upset on February 25, 1964, at age 22. Also that year, he renounced his birth name as a "slave name", and formally became known as Muhammad Ali. In 1966, Ali refused to be drafted into the military due to his religious beliefs and ethical opposition to the Vietnam War, and was found guilty of draft evasion and stripped of his boxing titles. He stayed out of prison while appealing the decision to the Supreme Court, where his conviction was overturned in 1971. However, he had not fought for nearly four years by this point and lost a period of peak performance as an athlete. Ali's actions as a conscientious objector to the Vietnam War made him an icon for the larger 1960s counterculture generation, and he was a very high-profile figure of racial pride for African Americans during the civil rights movement and throughout his career. As a Muslim, Ali was initially affiliated with Elijah Muhammad's Nation of Islam (NOI). He later disavowed the NOI, adhering to Sunni Islam, and supported racial integration like his former mentor Malcolm X. He fought in several historic boxing matches and feuds, such as his highly publicized fights with Sonny Liston, Joe Frazier, including the Fight of the Century (the biggest boxing event up until then), the Thrilla in Manila, and his fight with George Foreman in The Rumble in the Jungle. Ali thrived in the spotlight at a time when many boxers let their managers do the talking, and he became renowned for his provocative and outlandish persona. He was known for trash-talking, and often free-styled with rhyme schemes and spoken word poetry incorporating elements of hip hop, and often predicted in which round he would knockout his opponent. Outside of boxing, Ali attained success as a spoken word artist, releasing two studio albums: I Am the Greatest! (1963) and The Adventures of Ali and His Gang vs. Mr. Tooth Decay (1976). Both albums received Grammy Award nominations. He also featured as an actor and writer, releasing two autobiographies. Ali retired from boxing in 1981 and focused on religion, philanthropy and activism. In 1984, he made public his diagnosis of Parkinson's syndrome, which some reports attributed to boxing-related injuries, though he and his specialist physicians disputed this. He remained an active public figure globally, but in his later years made fewer public appearances as his condition worsened, and he was cared for by his family. Ali died on June 3, 2016. Early life and amateur career Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. ( KASH-əss) was born on January 17, 1942 in Louisville, Kentucky. He had one brother. He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr., who had a sister and four brothers and who himself was named in honor of the 19th-century Republican politician and staunch abolitionist Cassius Marcellus Clay, also from the state of Kentucky. Clay's father's paternal grandparents were John Clay and Sallie Anne Clay; Clay's sister Eva claimed that Sallie was a native of Madagascar. He was a descendant of slaves of the antebellum South, and was predominantly of African descent, with some Irish and English family heritage. Ali's maternal great-grandfather, Abe Grady, emigrated from Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland. DNA testing performed in 2018 showed that, through his paternal grandmother, Ali was a descendant of the former slave Archer Alexander, who had been chosen from the building crew as the model of a freed man for the Emancipation Memorial, and was the subject of abolitionist William Greenleaf Eliot's book, The Story of Archer Alexander: From Slavery to Freedom. Like Ali, Alexander fought for his freedom.His father was a sign and billboard painter, and his mother, Odessa O'Grady Clay (1917–1994), was a domestic helper. Although Cassius Sr. was a Methodist, he allowed Odessa to bring up both Cassius Jr. and his younger brother, Rudolph "Rudy" Clay (later renamed Rahman Ali), as Baptists. Cassius Jr. attended Central High School in Louisville. He was dyslexic, which led to difficulties in reading and writing, at school and for much of his life. Ali grew up amid racial segregation. His mother recalled one occasion when he was denied a drink of water at a store—"They wouldn't give him one because of his color. That really affected him." He was also strongly affected by the 1955 murder of Emmett Till, which led to young Clay and a friend taking out their frustration by vandalizing a local rail yard. His daughter Hana later wrote that Ali once told her, "Nothing would ever shake me up (more) than the story of Emmett Till." Ali was first directed toward boxing by Louisville police officer and boxing coach Joe E. Martin, who encountered the 12-year-old fuming over a thief's having taken his bicycle. He told the officer he was going to "whup" the thief. The officer told Clay he had better learn how to box first. Initially, Clay did not take up Martin's offer, but after seeing amateur boxers on a local television boxing program called Tomorrow's Champions, Clay was interested in the prospect of fighting. He then began to work with trainer Fred Stoner, whom he credits with giving him the "real training", eventually molding "my style, my stamina and my system." For the last four years of Clay's amateur career he was trained by boxing cutman Chuck Bodak.Clay made his amateur boxing debut in 1954 against local amateur boxer Ronnie O'Keefe. He won by split decision. He went on to win six Kentucky Golden Gloves titles, two national Golden Gloves titles, an Amateur Athletic Union national title, and the light heavyweight gold medal in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome. Clay's amateur record was 100 wins with five losses. Ali said in his 1975 autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant and fought with a white gang. The story was later disputed, and several of Ali's friends, including Bundini Brown and photographer Howard Bingham, denied it. Brown told Sports Illustrated writer Mark Kram, "Honkies sure bought into that one!" Thomas Hauser's biography of Ali stated that Ali was refused ser.... Discover the Ali Land popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Ali Land books.

Best Seller Ali Land Books of January 2022

Távol a világtól book summary, reviews and downlod

Távol a világtól

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Hogy kiszakadjanak pörgős New York-i életükből, és több időt töltsenek kamasz fiukkal és lányukkal, Amanda és Clay az Airbnb-n egy teljes hétre kivesznek egy pazarul berendezett...

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Boston Adventure

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A provocative story of class struggle, privilege, and poverty that put American author Jean Stafford on the map.Growing up in a fishing village north of Boston between the...

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Lasă lumea în urmă

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Amanda și Clay pleacă în vacanță împreună cu copiii lor, departe de agitația din New York, într-un colț îndepărtat din Long Island, unde urmează să stea într-o casă luxoasă,...

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Il mondo dietro di te

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Amanda e Clay hanno scelto un angolo remoto di Long Island per trascorrere qualche giorno di vacanza con i due figli adolescenti. Una pausa dalla vita frenetica di New York, una settimana tu...

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That Kind of Mother

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NAMED A RECOMMENDED BOOK OF 2018 BY:Buzzfeed • The Boston Globe •  The Millions • InStyle • Southern Living • Vogue • Popsugar • Kirkus • The W...

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This irresistible debut, set in contemporary New York, provides a sharp, insightful look into how the relationship between two best friends changes when they are no longer coming of age but ...

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Semester.Ett sommarhus i oväntad radioskugga.Två privilegierade familjer som plötsligt tvingas dela på utrymmet.En katastrof.Rumaan Alams ...

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A Read with Jenna Today Show Book Club Pick!Finalist for the 2020 National Book Award (Fiction)A Best Book of the Year From: The Washington Post * Time *&#x...

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Amanda og Clay er taget på ferie til Long Island, i nydelsesfuld forventning om at lægge afstand til hverdagen i New York, kvalitetstid med deres to teenagebørn og en smagsprøve på...

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Una novela magnética, vibrante y profética. «Una historia hecha a medida para estos tiempos.»The TimesAmanda y Clay se dirigen a...

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L'Amanda i en Clay acaben d'arribar a la casa de luxe que han llogat per una setmana per gaudir de les seves vacances: un descans de la vida de Nova York per passar temps de qualitat amb els...

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Inmitten der Nacht

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Amanda und Clay wollen mit ihren beiden Kindern eine unbeschwerte Ferienwoche auf Long Island verbringen. In einem Haus am Ende der Welt, weit weg von allem. Doch mitten in der Nacht steht d...

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Legg verden bak deg

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Amanda og Clay har leid et feriehus på en avsidesliggende del av Long Island. Der skal de kose seg og ha en ukes luksuriøs ferie sammen med tenåringsbarna. En deilig pause fra det hektisk...

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This irresistible debut, set in contemporary New York, provides a sharp, insightful look into how the relationship between two best friends changes when they are no longer coming of age but ...

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Amanda și Clay pleacă în vacanță împreună cu copiii lor, departe de agitația din New York, într-un colț îndepărtat din Long Island, unde urmează să stea într-o casă luxoasă,...

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NAMED A MOST ANTICIPATED BOOK OF 2018 BY Buzzfeed • The Boston Globe •  The Millions • InStyle • Southern Living“With his unerring eye for nuan...

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Der aufsehenerregende Bestseller aus den USA über Ungerechtigkeit, Rassismus und die Illusion, alles unter Kontrolle zu haben.Ist dieses Ferienhaus noch ein sicherer Ort für ih...

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LONGLISTED FOR THE 2020 NATIONAL BOOK AWARD IN FICTIONA Recommended Book FromVogue * TIME * The Washington Post * Buzzfeed * The Boston Globe * The Wall Street Journal * Vu...

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