Chris Keniston Biography & Facts
This article contains lists of official and potential third party and independent candidates associated with the 2016 United States presidential election.
"Third party" is a term commonly used in the United States in reference to political parties other than the two major parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. An independent candidate is one who runs for office with no formal party affiliation.
Ballot access in states holding 270 or more electoral votes represents a majority of the 538 electoral votes in the Electoral College. The number of electoral votes for which a party or independent candidate has secured ballot access may increase as those parties or candidates complete their petitions, and filings for ballot access, until September 2016 when the last petition deadlines occur.According to the Green Papers website, 31 people were on the ballot in at least one state, while 192, including those who were on ballots in some states, obtained recognition as official write-in candidates.
Gary Johnson, Libertarian Party
Ballot access: The Libertarian ticket was on all 51 ballots.
Nationally, Johnson captured 5 percent or more of the vote in eight states: New Mexico, North Dakota, Alaska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming and Maine.
All major polling outfits included Johnson in their published results. His highest total was 13% in a CNN/ORC poll taken in July. After that he has generally was in the upper single digits, breaking 10% on October 10 in a Politico/Morning Consult poll.
Johnson's greatest statewide percentage was in his home state of New Mexico, where he reached the mid-twenties in September before falling back into the teens. He polled in the teens in several other state states, most recently in a WBUR/MassINC poll taken in New Hampshire on November 1.
Party nomination contest
There were six primaries, Gary Johnson received 22,642 votes while none of the others received as much as 4,000.
Jill Stein, Green Party
Ballot access (write-in included): 47 states + DC
All major polling outfits included Stein in their published results. Her highest total was 6% in McClatchy/Marist poll taken early August. After that her highest total was 4% in a CBS/New York Times poll taken in late October. She generally polled at 2 or 3%.
In statewide polling she reached as high as 7% in an Emerson College poll from Vermont in September.
Party nomination contest
Five additional candidates sought the Green Party nomination.
Evan McMullin, Better for America Group and others
The anti-Donald Trump Better for America PAC recruited Evan McMullin as a candidate for president. He was on the ballot in 11 states and had write-in access in several others.
Darrell Castle, Constitution Party
Electoral votes: 207 (Scott Copeland had access to 4 electoral votes in Idaho, where Castle is on the ballot as an independent)
Write-in included: 406
Ballot access: Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming.Write-in access: Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Montana, New Hampshire, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia.
Castle was not featured in any national polls. He was listed in a few in Utah in August and September, where he got as much as 2%, and in Nevada, where he got 1%.
The 2016 presidential nominating convention was held in Salt Lake City, on April 13–16.
Gloria La Riva, multiple parties
Electoral votes: 80 (Gloria LaRiva has a combined 135 electoral votes via the Party for Socialism and Liberation, the Peace and Freedom Party, and the Liberty Union Party)
Ballot access: California, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Vermont, Washington
Party for Socialism and Liberation
La Riva was on the ballot in numerous states under this banner and as an independent.
Liberty Union Party (Vermont)
La Riva won the primary in Vermont and thus was awarded the ballot line there.
La Riva participated in the Free and Equal presidential debate.
Peace and Freedom Party
La Riva won the primary in California and thus was awarded the ballot line at the state convention. Jill Stein, who was on the Green party primary ballot was removed from the PF one.
Rocky De La Fuente, American Delta and Reform Parties, plus others
Electoral votes: 147 (De La Fuente has access to a combined 147 electoral votes as an Independent, via The American Delta Party and via The Reform Party)Write-in included: 346 electorsAnticipated write-in included: 404 electors
Under the ballot label "Reform Party" Florida
Under the ballot label "American Delta Party": Colorado, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico.As an independent: Alaska, Idaho, Kentucky, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming.Write-in: Alabama, Arizona, California, Delaware, District of Columbia, Indiana, Maryland, Nebraska, New York, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Virginia, Kansas, West Virginia, Washington. Total 199 electors
Anticipated write-in: Connecticut, Missouri, South Dakota
No ballot access 2016: Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, North Carolina, South Carolina.
In August and September, De La Fuente polled 1% in Nevada in a poll conducted by Suffolk University.
American Delta party nomination
The American Delta Party is an organization specifically created to support De La Fuente's independent candidacy.
Reform party nomination
The Reform Party recognized the following other candidates as seeking its presidential nomination The vote totals nominating De La Fuente were never released.
Richard Duncan, Independent
Several grassroots campaigns to elect Bernie Sanders President as a write-in candidate were established on social media in the run-up to the United States presidential election. Though Sanders continued to campaign for Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, supporters pointed to alleged DNC bias in the Democratic Party's presidential primaries against Sanders, and Clinton's email scandal, and continued to support him. Both Clinton and Donald Trump would have had to win less than the required 270 electoral college votes for Sanders to have denied either candidate the presidency, and for the election to be passed to the House of Representatives - thus the initial write-in campaign around Vermont, offering only 3 electoral college votes, was unsuccessful. The campaign expanded to include all 12 eligible states (one of which listed Sanders as an official write-in candidate), and relied on states such as California, with a high electoral college vote count and large support for Sa.... Discover the Chris Keniston popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Chris Keniston books.