Who is Clara Benson?

Clara Benson Popular Books

Clara Benson Biography & Facts

Clara Cynthia Benson (1875–1964) was a Canadian chemist, the sole female founder of the American Society for Biological Chemistry (now the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)) and one of the first two women to earn a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto (U of T) (the other being philosophy student Emma Baker). She later became one of U of T's first two female associate professors. Trained in physical chemistry, she switched focus to biochemistry when lack of job opportunities for female chemists led her to take a position teaching food chemistry as part of U of T's Domestic Science program. She also played a large role in the development of U of T's women's athletics program. Early life and education Clara Cynthia Benson was born in Port Hope, Ontario, Canada June 5, 1875 to Thomas Moore Benson and Laura Abigail Fuller. Laura and Thomas, a widowed businessman, lawyer, and judge, had three children together and additionally raised two daughters from Thomas' first marriage. Clara attended Port Hope High School then entered University College of the University of Toronto (U of T) in 1895 to study chemistry, mathematics and physics. This was only one year after the school began admitting women, and women were still not allowed into the school's reading rooms and were denied access to the library catalogues.Benson graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in chemistry from U of T in 1899 (the first woman to do so) and continued straight into PhD studies. She earned her doctorate in 1903, making her one of the first two women to earn a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto (U of T) (the other being philosophy student Emma Baker).Benson's doctoral research, supervised by William Lash Miller, examined reaction rates of inorganic salt solutions. Her thesis, The rates of the reactions in solutions containing ferrous sulphate, potassium iodide, and chromic acid was published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry (JPC) in May, 1903. Career and research Benson's early research was in the field of physical chemistry, with an emphasis on reaction rates of inorganic salt solutions. Her 1902 article "The Rate of Oxidation of Ferrous Salts by Chromic Acid" may make her the second female author (after Marie Curie) to publish in the Journal of Physical Chemistry (JPC).As a woman, she had difficulty finding a job as a physical chemist after graduating, so she took a position as a demonstrator in food science at U of T's new Lillian Massey School of Domestic Science. She objected to this program's goal of preparing women to be housewives and had even signed a petition organized by University College's Women's Alumnae Association in 1902 questioning the program's introduction. At the time, however, food chemistry was one of the chemistry sub-fields with better professional opportunities for women.This position involved switching from U of T's Chemistry Department to their Physiology (Physiological Chemistry) Department, where she was mentored by the "Father of the Medical School at Toronto," A.B. Macallum. Her subsequent research included biochemical examinations of fluid and tissue composition.When food science was incorporated into U of T's medical curriculum in 1905, Benson was promoted to lecturer in physiological chemistry (biochemistry), making her the first woman at U of T to achieve a rank above demonstrator. In 1906, a royal commission report led to the creation of the Faculty of Household Science, of which Benson and the principal, Annie Laird, became associate professors, making them U of T's first female professors. Benson helped develop the school's food chemistry program and, in 1926, was promoted to full professor and head of the Department of Food Chemistry (a position she held until her retirement as professor emeritus in 1945).Starting in 1915, she conducted summer studies at St. Andrews Biological Station examining the chemistry of seafood. At the request of Canada's Ministry of Marine and Fisheries, which was trying to build consumer demand for fish, she organized a group of food scientists from Canadian universities to work to improve fish preparation methods.During World War I she developed and organized a course of instruction on ways to adapt food chemistry analysis techniques to explosives. These methods were adopted by munitions laboratories, helping standardized their production steps.She was sole female founder of the American Society for Biological Chemistry (now the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)) when it formed in December, 1906. Other interests and later life Benson advocated for the development of women's athletics at the University of Toronto, co-chairing a committee on the matter and serving as the first president of the Women's Athletic Association from 1921 until her retirement. She sat on a committee of female faculty members formed in 1928 to fight for the creation of a women's athletic facility. When U of T opened their first women's gymnasium in 1959, they named it the Benson Building in her honor.Benson served on the national board of the YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association), chairing their Foreign Committee, and her work with the organization led her to sponsor two French World War II orphans after her retirement. Her hobbies included stamp-collecting and traveling. She also enjoyed film-making, and videos she took while on some of her travels are housed at U of T's archives.She was colleagues and friends with biochemist Maud Menten, who was also trained by Archibald Macallum.Benson never married nor had children, and after retiring in 1945, she returned to Port Hope where she died March 24, 1964 (aged 89). Honors and awards Benson was elected a fellow of the Canadian Institute of Chemistry in 1919, but was not allowed to attend their Annual Dinner in 1920 because she was a woman.She was listed in the 1920s' American Men in Science.U of T's Household Science alumnae created a fellowship in her honor in 1950 and hung a portrait of her by Yousef Karsh in the Household Science building.In 1992, the Canadian Society of Chemistry created the annually-awarded Clara Benson Award to honor female chemists working in Canada.In 2003, U of T celebrated the 100 year anniversary of her PhD achievement with a day of celebrations including a reenactment of her thesis defense. Selected publications Benson, Clara C. (January 1902). "The Rates of the Reactions in Solutions Containing Ferrous Sulphate, Potassium Iodide, and Chromic Acid". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. 7 (5): 356–388. doi:10.1021/j150050a003. ISSN 0092-7325. Benson, Clara C. (January 1902). "The Rate of Oxidation of Ferrous Salts by Chromic Acid". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. 7 (1): 1–14. doi:10.1021/j150046a001. ISSN 0092-7325. Benson, Clara C. (January 1902). "The Composition of the Surface Layers of Aqueous Amyl Alcohol". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. 7 (7): 532–536. doi:10.1021/j150052a002. ISSN 0092-7325. Macallu.... Discover the Clara Benson popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Clara Benson books.

Best Seller Clara Benson Books of May 2022

The Mystery at Underwood House book summary, reviews and downlod

The Mystery at Underwood House

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Old Philip Haynes was never happier than when his family were at each other's throats. Even after his death the terms of his will ensured they would keep on feuding. But now three people are...

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Angela Marchmont Mysteries Books 1-3

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This omnibus edition contains the first three books in the Angela Marchmont Mystery series Meet enigmatic "lady detective" Angela Marchmont in this series of light-hearted...

A Case of Perplexity in Piccadilly book summary, reviews and downlod

A Case of Perplexity in Piccadilly

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West End theatre impresario Septimus Gooch is a man with many enemies, but when he's found dead in his leading lady’s dressing-room the police put it down to an accident. The cast of...

The Scandal at 23 Mount Street book summary, reviews and downlod

The Scandal at 23 Mount Street

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When an unwelcome figure from her past turns up unexpectedly, Angela Marchmont has no idea that she is about to become the most notorious woman in Britain. Forced to reveal secrets she has k...

A Case of Blackmail in Belgravia book summary, reviews and downlod

A Case of Blackmail in Belgravia

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It's 1929, and Ticky Maltravers is the toast of London high society, adored by everyone—or so it seems, until somebody poisons him over dinner. Now it turns out that numerous people with s...

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A Question of Hats

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When a mysterious parcel containing a hat is delivered by mistake to Angela Marchmont she thinks little of it, except to note that she wouldn’t be seen dead in the thing. But if she doesn...

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The Trouble at Wakeley Court

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When the Grand Duke of Morania learns of a plot to assassinate him, he sends his daughter Princess Irina to school in England, out of harm’s way. British Intelligence scent trouble and ask...

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The Man on the Train

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The Man on the Train is a prequel to the Angela Marchmont mysteries and can be read without fear of spoilers!   October 1925: On finding herself stuck in a small town in Ill...

A Case of Duplicity in Dorset book summary, reviews and downlod

A Case of Duplicity in Dorset

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When the Duke of Purbeck throws a house party to celebrate his daughter's twenty-first birthday and present her with a family heirloom, nobody expects that the weekend will end in murder. Th...

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Zabójstwo w Sissingham Hall

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The Lucases of Lucas Lodge

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Maria Lucas is quite resigned to never marrying, but when a new family comes to live at Netherfield Park, she suddenly finds herself with not one suitor, but two. As a friend schemes against...

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The Imbroglio at the Villa Pozzi

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While holidaying in Italy, Angela Marchmont is persuaded to postpone her trip to Venice and go to Stresa instead, to investigate a pair of spiritualists who are suspected of defrauding some ...

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A Case of Suicide in St. James's

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When Douglas Westray, the son of an eminent aircraft manufacturer, is found shot dead in a locked room at a society ball, it seems obvious that it’s suicide—after all, he had two failed ...

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A Case of Murder in Mayfair

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When Hollywood star Dorothy Dacres plummets six floors from her hotel terrace on the night of her greatest triumph, it initially looks like a tragic accident. But her death is so very conven...

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The Problem at Two Tithes

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On a reluctant visit to her painfully respectable brother and his wife, Angela Marchmont finds herself once again caught up in murder when a local farmer is shot dead, apparently at the hand...

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The Riddle at Gipsy's Mile

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Lost in the mists of the Romney Marsh, Angela Marchmont stumbles upon the body of a woman whose face has been disfigured—presumably to prevent recognition. Who is she, and what was she doi...

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A Case of Conspiracy in Clerkenwell

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The ladies of Clerkenwell Central Hall are none too pleased at having their Temperance meetings disrupted by the rowdy Communists next door, but for Miss Olive Stapleton in particular, the u...

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The Stolen Letter

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‘I knew in the first couple of pages that this story was going to make me cry and I was right... So emotional... I was left speechless. I absolutely loved every minute... One of the bes...

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The Treasure at Poldarrow Point

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When Angela Marchmont goes to Cornwall on doctor's orders she is looking forward to a nice rest and nothing more exciting than a little sea-bathing. But her plans for a quiet holiday are das...

The Shadow at Greystone Chase book summary, reviews and downlod

The Shadow at Greystone Chase

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After her bruising encounter with the law, Angela Marchmont has vowed to give up detecting, and is doing her best to forget the events of last winter and the terrible lie she told to save he...

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Angela Marchmont Mysteries Books 4-6

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This omnibus edition contains books 4, 5 and 6 in the Angela Marchmont Mystery series Angela's adventures continue in this series of light-hearted and charming 1920s myste...

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The Murder at Sissingham Hall

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Freddy Pilkington-Soames Adventures Books 1-3

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This omnibus edition contains the first three books in the Freddy Pilkington-Soames Adventure series   Join chaotic 1920s reporter and accidental sleuth Freddy Pilkin...

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The Incident at Fives Castle

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It is Hogmanay, and Angela Marchmont is at Fives Castle, the Scottish seat of the Earl of Strathmerrick, to see in the start of 1928. But when she finds out that the Foreign Secretary, the A...

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A Case of Robbery on the Riviera

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‘Oh, something is bound to go wrong, but one might as well start out from a position of optimism, don’t you think?’ said Angela.   It's fair to say that Freddy ...

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In Darkness, Look for Stars

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Best Seller Clara Benson Audio Books of May 2022

A Case of Murder in Mayfair MP3 Audiobook

A Case of Murder in Mayfair

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When Hollywood star Dorothy Dacres plummets six floors from her hotel terrace on the night of her greatest triumph, it initially looks like a tragic accident. But her death is so very conven...

The Shadow at Greystone Chase MP3 Audiobook

The Shadow at Greystone Chase

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After her bruising encounter with the law, Angela Marchmont has vowed to give up detecting, and is doing her best to forget the events of last winter and the terrible lie she told to save he...

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A Case of Conspiracy in Clerkenwell

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The ladies of Clerkenwell Central Hall are none too pleased at having their Temperance meetings disrupted by the rowdy Communists next door, but for Miss Olive Stapleton in particular, the u...

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The Incident at Fives Castle

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It is Hogmanay, and Angela Marchmont is at Fives Castle, the Scottish seat of the Earl of Strathmerrick, to see in the start of 1928. But when she finds out that the Foreign Secretary, the A...

In Darkness, Look for Stars (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

In Darkness, Look for Stars (Unabridged)

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Paris, 1941: Going against her mother’s orders, spirited Maggie devotes herself to the Resistance. Her life is a whirlwind of forged passports and secret midnight runs, helping Jews escape...

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A Case of Duplicity in Dorset

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When the Duke of Purbeck throws a house party to celebrate his daughter's twenty-first birthday and present her with a family heirloom, nobody expects that the weekend will end in murder. Th...

The Problem at Two Tithes MP3 Audiobook

The Problem at Two Tithes

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On a reluctant visit to her painfully respectable brother and his wife, Angela Marchmont finds herself once again caught up in murder when a local farmer is shot dead, apparently at the hand...

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The Riddle at Gipsy's Mile

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Lost in the mists of the Romney Marsh, Angela Marchmont stumbles upon the body of a woman whose face has been disfigured—presumably to prevent recognition. Who is she, and what was she doi...

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A Case of Robbery on the Riviera

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‘Oh, something is bound to go wrong, but one might as well start out from a position of optimism, don’t you think?’ said Angela.It's fair to say that Freddy Pilkington-Soam...

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The Trouble at Wakeley Court

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When the Grand Duke of Morania learns of a plot to assassinate him, he sends his daughter Princess Irina to school in England, out of harm’s way. British Intelligence scent trouble and ask...

Freddy Pilkington-Soames Adventures: Books 1-3 MP3 Audiobook

Freddy Pilkington-Soames Adventures: Books 1-3

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This omnibus edition contains the first three books in the Freddy Pilkington-Soames Adventure series Join chaotic 1920s reporter and accidental sleuth Freddy Pilkington-Soam...

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The Scandal at 23 Mount Street

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When an unwelcome figure from her past turns up unexpectedly, Angela Marchmont has no idea that she is about to become the most notorious woman in Britain. Forced to reveal secrets she has k...

The Murder at Sissingham Hall MP3 Audiobook

The Murder at Sissingham Hall

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"It's absolutely delightful, and I would recommend it to anyone who's a fan of Sarah Caudwell, or Agatha Christie, or anyone who loves really clever British murder mysteries set in the '20s....

A Case of Blackmail in Belgravia MP3 Audiobook

A Case of Blackmail in Belgravia

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It's 1929, and Ticky Maltravers is the toast of London high society, adored by everyone - or so it seems, until somebody poisons him over dinner. Now it turns out that numerous people with s...

The Mystery at Underwood House MP3 Audiobook

The Mystery at Underwood House

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Old Philip Haynes was never happier than when his family were at each other's throats. Even after his death the terms of his will ensured they would keep on feuding. But now three people are...

A Case of Suicide in St. James's MP3 Audiobook

A Case of Suicide in St. James's

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When Douglas Westray, the son of an eminent aircraft manufacturer, is found shot dead in a locked room at a society ball, it seems obvious that it’s suicide—after all, he had two failed ...

The Imbroglio at the Villa Pozzi MP3 Audiobook

The Imbroglio at the Villa Pozzi

Mysteries & Thrillers$7.99

While holidaying in Italy, Angela Marchmont is persuaded to postpone her trip to Venice and go to Stresa instead, to investigate a pair of spiritualists who are suspected of defrauding some ...

The Stolen Letter (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

The Stolen Letter (Unabridged)

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The longer her imprisonment went on, the more she cast her mind back to the stolen hours they had spent together. His love had blown in like an unexpected breath of warm summer air, givin...

The Treasure at Poldarrow Point MP3 Audiobook

The Treasure at Poldarrow Point

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When Angela Marchmont goes to Cornwall on doctor's orders she is looking forward to a nice rest and nothing more exciting than a little sea-bathing. But her plans for a quiet holiday are das...

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