Fyodor Dostoevsky Popular Books

Fyodor Dostoevsky Biography & Facts

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (UK: , US: ; Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, tr. Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevskiy, IPA: [ˈfʲɵdər mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪdʑ dəstɐˈjefskʲɪj] ; 11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881), sometimes transliterated as Dostoyevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist and journalist. Numerous literary critics regard him as one of the greatest novelists in all of world literature, as many of his works are considered highly influential masterpieces.Dostoevsky's literary works explore the human condition in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmospheres of 19th-century Russia, and engage with a variety of philosophical and religious themes. His most acclaimed novels include Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872), and The Brothers Karamazov (1880). His 1864 novella Notes from Underground is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature.Born in Moscow in 1821, Dostoevsky was introduced to literature at an early age through fairy tales and legends, and through books by Russian and foreign authors. His mother died in 1837 when he was 15, and around the same time, he left school to enter the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute. After graduating, he worked as an engineer and briefly enjoyed a lavish lifestyle, translating books to earn extra money. In the mid-1840s he wrote his first novel, Poor Folk, which gained him entry into Saint Petersburg's literary circles. However, he was arrested in 1849 for belonging to a literary group, the Petrashevsky Circle, that discussed banned books critical of Tsarist Russia. Dostoevsky was sentenced to death but the sentence was commuted at the last moment. He spent four years in a Siberian prison camp, followed by six years of compulsory military service in exile. In the following years, Dostoevsky worked as a journalist, publishing and editing several magazines of his own and later A Writer's Diary, a collection of his writings. He began to travel around western Europe and developed a gambling addiction, which led to financial hardship. For a time, he had to beg for money, but he eventually became one of the most widely read and highly regarded Russian writers. Dostoevsky's body of work consists of thirteen novels, three novellas, seventeen short stories, and numerous other works. His writings were widely read both within and beyond his native Russia and influenced an equally great number of later writers including Russians such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Anton Chekhov, philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche and Jean-Paul Sartre, and the emergence of Existentialism and Freudianism. His books have been translated into more than 170 languages, and served as the inspiration for many films. Ancestry Dostoevsky's paternal ancestors were part of a Russian noble family of Russian Orthodox Christians. The family traced its roots back to Danilo Irtishch, who was granted lands in the Pinsk region (for centuries part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, now in modern-day Belarus) in 1509 for his services under a local prince, his progeny then taking the name "Dostoevsky" based on a village there called Dostojewo (derived from Old Polish dostojnik – dignitary).Dostoevsky's immediate ancestors on his mother's side were merchants; the male line on his father's side were priests.In 1809, the 20-year-old Mikhail Dostoevsky enrolled in Moscow's Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy. From there he was assigned to a Moscow hospital, where he served as military doctor, and in 1818 he was appointed a senior physician. In 1819 he married Maria Nechayeva. The following year, he took up a post at the Mariinsky Hospital for the poor. In 1828, when his two sons, Mikhail and Fyodor, were eight and seven respectively, he was promoted to collegiate assessor, a position which raised his legal status to that of the nobility and enabled him to acquire a small estate in Darovoye, a town about 150 km (100 miles) from Moscow, where the family usually spent the summers. Dostoevsky's parents subsequently had six more children: Varvara (1822–1892), Andrei (1825–1897), Lyubov (born and died 1829), Vera (1829–1896), Nikolai (1831–1883) and Aleksandra (1835–1889). Both of his parents may have had Tatar ancestry as well. Childhood (1821–1836) Fyodor Dostoevsky, born on 11 November [O.S. 30 October] 1821 in Moscow, was the second child of Dr. Mikhail Dostoevsky and Maria Dostoevskaya (born Nechayeva). He was raised in the family home in the grounds of the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor, which was in a lower class district on the edges of Moscow. Dostoevsky encountered the patients, who were at the lower end of the Russian social scale, when playing in the hospital gardens.Dostoevsky was introduced to literature at an early age. From the age of three, he had read heroic sagas, fairy tales and legends by his nanny, Alena Frolovna, an especially influential figure in his upbringing and his love for fictional stories. When he was four, his mother used the Bible to teach him to read and write. His parents introduced him to a wide range of literature, including Russian writers Karamzin, Pushkin and Derzhavin; Gothic fiction such as the works from writer Ann Radcliffe; romantic works by Schiller and Goethe; heroic tales by Miguel de Cervantes and Walter Scott; and Homer's epics. Dostoevsky was greatly influenced by the work of Nikolai Gogol. Although his father's approach to education has been described as strict and harsh, Dostoevsky himself reported that his imagination was brought alive by nightly readings by his parents.Some of his childhood experiences found their way into his writings. When a nine-year-old girl had been raped by a drunk, he was asked to fetch his father to attend to her. The incident haunted him, and the theme of the desire of a mature man for a young girl appears in The Devils, The Brothers Karamazov, Crime and Punishment, and other writings. An incident involving a family servant, or serf, in the estate in Darovoye, is described in "The Peasant Marey": when the young Dostoevsky imagines hearing a wolf in the forest, Marey, who is working nearby, comforts him.Although Dostoevsky had a delicate physical constitution, his parents described him as hot-headed, stubborn, and cheeky. In 1833, Dostoevsky's father, who was profoundly religious, sent him to a French boarding school and then to the Chermak boarding school. He was described as a pale, introverted dreamer and an over-excitable romantic. To pay the school fees, his father borrowed money and extended his private medical practice. Dostoevsky felt out of place among his aristocratic classmates at the Moscow school, and the experience was later reflected in some of his works, notably The Adolescent. Youth (1836–1843) On 27 September 1837, Dostoevsky's mother died of tuberculosis. The previous May, his parents had sent Dostoevsky and his brother Mikhail to Saint Petersburg to attend the free Nikolayev Military Engineeri.... Discover the Fyodor Dostoevsky popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Fyodor Dostoevsky books.

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  • Essential Novelists - Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Essential Novelists - Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky & August Nemo

    Welcome to the Essential Novelists book series, were we present to you the best works of remarkable authors. For this book, the literary critic August Nemo has chosen the two most ...

  • The Gambler Wife synopsis, comments

    The Gambler Wife

    Andrew D. Kaufman

    FINALIST FOR THE PEN JACQUELINE BOGRAD WELD AWARD FOR BIOGRAPHY“Feminism, history, literature, politicsthis tale has all of that, and a heroine worthy of her own turn in the s...

  • THE COMPLETE WORKS OF FYODOR DOSTOYEVSKY synopsis, comments

    THE COMPLETE WORKS OF FYODOR DOSTOYEVSKY

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    This unique collection of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's complete works has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. Fyodor Dostoyevsk...

  • The Double synopsis, comments

    The Double

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Advised by his doctor to become more sociable, Golyadkin, a lowlevel bureaucrat, arrives uninvited at a birthday party his office manager is having for his daughter. After a number...

  • Collection of the best works of Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Collection of the best works of Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Collection of the best works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky includes:  The Insulted And The Injured  Notes from Underground  Crime and Punishment  The Gambler  The ...

  • War and Peace synopsis, comments

    War and Peace

    Leo Tolstoy, Richard Pevear & Larissa Volokhonsky

    From Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky, the bestselling, awardwinning translators of Anna Karenina and The Brothers Karamazov, comes a brilliant, engaging, and eminently reada...

  • Notes from Underground synopsis, comments

    Notes from Underground

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Richard Pevear & Larissa Volokhonsky

    Dostoevsky’s most revolutionary novel, Notes from Underground marks the dividing line between nineteenth and twentiethcentury fiction, and between the visions of self each century ...

  • The Brothers Karamazov synopsis, comments

    The Brothers Karamazov

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky & Constance Garnett

    The Brothers Karamazov, Dostoevsky's crowning achievement, is a tale of patricide and family rivalry that embodies the moral and spiritual dissolution of an entire society (Russia ...

  • The Modern Library Collection Essential Russian Novels 4-Book Bundle synopsis, comments

    The Modern Library Collection Essential Russian Novels 4-Book Bundle

    Leo Tolstoy & Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    The enduring genius of Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky shines through in this special eBook collection that includes four classic Russian novelseach one recognized as a masterpie...

  • Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Robert Bird

    Crime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, Demons, The Idiotthe complex and prolific Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821–81) is responsible for some of our greatest literary works and most ...

  • Crime and Punishment synopsis, comments

    Crime and Punishment

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky & Constance Garnett

    Nominated as one of America’s bestloved novels by PBS’s The Great American ReadA desperate young man plans the perfect crimethe murder of a despicable pawnbroker, an old women...

  • Crime and Punishment synopsis, comments

    Crime and Punishment

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Oliver Ready & Zohar Lazar

    “A truly great translation . . . This English version . . . really is better.” A. N. Wilson, The SpectatorNominated as one of America’s bestloved novels by PBS’...

  • The Idiot synopsis, comments

    The Idiot

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Henry Carlisle, Olga Carlisle, Linda Invanits & Gary Rosenshield

    A classic by a Russian master Prince Myshkin, the idiot, is an almost comically innocent Christ figure in a land of sinners, one whose faith in beauty contrasts sharply with that...

  • Notes From Underground synopsis, comments

    Notes From Underground

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Bitter and unpleasant, the Underground Man lives alone in St. Petersburg. After working in the civil service for many years, he decides to write an account of his opinions on socie...

  • Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, AtoZ Classics & Constance Garnett

    This book contains several tables of HTML content to make reading easier. Crime and Punishment (prereform Russian: Преступленіе и наказаніе; postreform  Russian: Преступление и на...

  • 7 best short stories by Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    7 best short stories by Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky & August Nemo

    Welcome to the 7 Best Short Stories book series, were we present to you the best works of remarkable authors. This edition is dedicated to the russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky.<...

  • The Best Works of Anton Chekhov synopsis, comments

    The Best Works of Anton Chekhov

    Anton Chekhov

    Musaicum Books presents to you this carefully created collection of Anton Chekhov's greatest works. This ebook has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards ...

  • The Sinner and the Saint synopsis, comments

    The Sinner and the Saint

    Kevin Birmingham

    A New York Times Book Review Editors' Choice One of The East Hampton Star's 10 Best Books of the YearFrom the New York Times bestselling author of The Most Dangerous Book, the tru...

  • Crime and Punishment synopsis, comments

    Crime and Punishment

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Richard Pevear & Larissa Volokhonsky

    Hailed by Washington Post Book World as “the best [translation] currently available" when it was first published, this second edition of Crime and Punishment has been updated in ho...

  • Notes from a Dead House synopsis, comments

    Notes from a Dead House

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Richard Pevear & Larissa Volokhonsky

    From the acclaimed translators Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky comes a new translation of the first great prison memoir: Fyodor Dostoevsky’s fictionalized account of his lif...

  • White Nights synopsis, comments

    White Nights

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    A young, lonely man strolls the streets of St. Petersburg contemplating his solitude when he happens upon a young woman in tears. While escorting her home, the two strike up a conv...

  • The Brothers Karamazov synopsis, comments

    The Brothers Karamazov

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    In 1880 Dostoevsky completed The Brothers Karamazov, the literary effort for which he had been preparing all his life. Compelling, profound, complex, it is the story of a patrici...

  • The Complete Novels of Fyodor Dostoyevsky synopsis, comments

    The Complete Novels of Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Musaicum Books presents to you this carefully created collection of Dostoyevsky's complete novels. This ebook has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards a...

  • The Best Short Stories of Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    The Best Short Stories of Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky & David Magarshack

    This collection, unique to the Modern Library, gathers seven of Dostoevsky's key works and shows him to be equally adept at the short story as with the novel. Exploring many of the...

  • Works of Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Works of Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    This collection was designed for optimal navigation on iPad and other electronic devices. It is indexed alphabetically, chronologically and by category, making it easier to access...

  • Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky synopsis, comments

    Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Masterpiece Everywhere & Constance Garnett

    This book contains several tables of HTML content to make reading easier. Crime and Punishment (prereform Russian: Преступленіе и наказаніе; postreform  Russian: Преступление и на...

  • The Collected Plays of Anton Chekhov synopsis, comments

    The Collected Plays of Anton Chekhov

    Anton Chekhov

    This carefully crafted ebook: "The Collected Plays of Anton Chekhov" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. Excerpt: "In each ...

  • Demons synopsis, comments

    Demons

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Richard Pevear & Larissa Volokhonsky

    Inspired by the true story of a political murder that horried Russians in 1869, Fyodor Dostoevsky conceived of Demons as a "novelpamphlet" in which he would say everything about th...

  • The Dream of a Ridiculous Man synopsis, comments

    The Dream of a Ridiculous Man

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    While contemplating his life and deeming himself ridiculous, a man on the verge of suicide is interrupted by a young girl begging for his help. In his dark mood, he brushes her awa...

  • The Double and the Gambler synopsis, comments

    The Double and the Gambler

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    The awardwinning translators Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky have given us the definitive version of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s strikingly original short novels, The Double and The...