Hemant Kumar Biography & Facts
Hemanta Mukhopadhyay (16 June 1920 – 26 September 1989), known professionally as Hemant Kumar and Hemanta Mukherjee, was an Indian music director and playback singer who primarily sang in Bengali and Hindi, as well as other Indian languages like Marathi, Gujarati, Odia, Assamese, Tamil, Punjabi, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Sanskrit and Urdu. He was an artist of Bengali and Hindi film music, Rabindra Sangeet, and many other genres. He was the recipient of two National Awards for Best Male Playback Singer and was popularly known as the "voice Of God".
Early music career
Hemanta's first film song was in the Bengali film Rajkumarer Nirbbasan released in 1940 which was composed by S.D.Burman . Followed by Nimai Sanyas in 1941. Music was scored by Hariprasanna Das. Hemanta's first compositions for himself were the Bengali non-film songs "Katha Kayonako Shudhu Shono" and "Amar Biraha Akashe Priya" in 1943. The lyrics were by Amiya Bagchi. His first Hindi film songs were in Meenakshi in 1942. followed by Irada (1944 film) in 1944 under Pt. Amarnath's music direction.
Hemanta is considered the foremost exponent of Rabindra Sangeet. His first recorded Rabindra Sangeet was in the Bengali film Priya Bandhabi (1944). The song was "Pather Sesh Kothaye". He recorded his first non-film Rabindra Sangeet disc in 1944 under the Columbia label. The songs were "Aamar Aar Habe Na Deri" and "Keno Pantha E Chanchalata". Prior to that, he had recorded the song "Aamaar mallikabone " on All India Radio/Akashvani but, unfortunately, the record has passed into oblivion.His first movie as a music director was the Bengali film Abhiyatri in 1947. Although many of the songs Hemanta recorded during this time received critical acclaim, major commercial success eluded him until 1947. Some contemporary male singers of Hemanta in Bengali were Jaganmay Mitra, Robin Majumdar, Satya Chowdhury, Dhananjay Bhattacharya, Sudhirlal Chakraborty, Bechu Dutta and Talat Mahmood.
Hemanta had three brothers and a sister, Nilima. His elder brother, Tarajyoti, was a short-story writer in Bengali. The youngest brother, Amal Mukherjee, composed music as well as sang (Ehy Prithibithey Sharita Jibon) for some Bengali movies, most notably Hospital and Abak Prithibi. He recorded a few Bengali songs in the 1960s and also composed music for one of the most memorable renditions – " Jiboner Anekta Path Eklai.." – of Hemanta.In 1945, Hemanta married Bela Mukherjee (died 25 June 2009), a singer from Bengal.
1956: Filmfare Best Music Director Award: Nagin
1971: National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer: Nimantran
1962: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Swaralipi": Won
1963: BFJA Best Music Director Award (Hindi): "Bees Saal Baad":Won
1964: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Palatak": Won
1967: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Minihar": Won
1968: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Balika Badhu":Won
1970: Padma Shri (Refused)
1972: BFJA Best Male Playback Singer Award: Dhannyee Meye: Won
1975: BFJA Best Male Playback Singer Award: Phuleswari: Won
1975: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Phuleawari": Won
1976: BFJA Best Male Playback Singer Award: Priya Bandhobi: Won
1986: National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer: Lalan Fakir
1986: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Bhalobasa Bhalobasa":Won
1987: Padma Bhushan (Refused)
1987: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Pathbhola": Won
1988: BFJA Best Music Director Award: "Aagoman": Won
1985: Honorary D.Litt. by Visva-Bharati University
1986: Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
1988: Honorary D.Litt. by The University of Calcutta
1989: Michael Madhusudan Award
2012: Bangladesh Liberation War Honour,
2012: Friends of Liberation War Honour (Posthumously)
1971: The US government honored Hemanta by conferring him with the citizenship of Baltimore, Maryland; the first-ever singer of India to get USA citizenship.Death
On 26 September 1989, after returning from his last concert at Dhaka, he fell ill. His last moments were witnessed by his daughter-in-law Smt Mousumi Mukhopadhyay who was sitting by his side while the doctor was being called by other family members. Suddenly, he started panting and said, "Ki koshto, ki koshto" (So much of pain, so much of pain) and breathed his last. The doctors later declared him dead at the cause of a massive cardiac arrest.
Filmography as a composer
English filmography as a composer
Bengali filmography as a composer
Total number of films: 147
Hindi filmography as a composer
Other languages filmography as a composer
Bengali film songs
Bengali Non-film songs
Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay, "Ananda dhara", Deb Sahitya Kutir Press, Calcutta, 1970.
A. Rajadhakshya and P. Wilhelm, "An Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema", 2nd ed., British Film Institute, 1999.
S. Bhattacharya, "Amar gaaner swaralipi", A. Mukherjee Press, Calcutta, 1988.
Hemant Kumar at IMDb. Discover the Hemant Kumar popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Hemant Kumar books.