Who is Homer?

Homer Popular Books

Homer Biography & Facts

Homer (; Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος [hómɛːros], Hómēros) was the reputed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, the two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential writers of all time.The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Mycenaean Greek kingdoms. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The Odyssey focuses on the ten-year journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary.The Homeric Question—concerning by whom, when, where and under what circumstances the Iliad and Odyssey were composed—continues to be debated. Some scholars consider that the two works were written by different authors. It is generally accepted that the poems were composed at some point around the late eighth or early seventh century BC.The poems are in Homeric Greek, also known as Epic Greek, a literary language which shows a mixture of features of the Ionic and Aeolic dialects from different centuries; the predominant influence is Eastern Ionic. Most researchers believe that the poems were originally transmitted orally. From antiquity until the present day, the influence of Homeric epic on Western civilization has been great, inspiring many of its most famous works of literature, music, art and film. The Homeric epics were the greatest influence on ancient Greek culture and education; to Plato, Homer was simply the one who "has taught Greece" (ten Hellada pepaideuken). Works attributed to Homer Today only the Iliad and the Odyssey are associated with the name 'Homer'. In antiquity, a very large number of other works were sometimes attributed to him, including the Homeric Hymns, the Contest of Homer and Hesiod, the Little Iliad, the Nostoi, the Thebaid, the Cypria, the Epigoni, the comic mini-epic Batrachomyomachia ("The Frog-Mouse War"), the Margites, the Capture of Oechalia, and the Phocais. These claims are not considered authentic today and were by no means universally accepted in the ancient world. As with the multitude of legends surrounding Homer's life, they indicate little more than the centrality of Homer to ancient Greek culture. Ancient biographical traditions Some ancient claims about Homer were established early and repeated often. They include that Homer was blind (taking as self-referential a passage describing the blind bard Demodocus), that he was born in Chios, that he was the son of the river Meles and the nymph Critheïs, that he was a wandering bard, that he composed a varying list of other works (the "Homerica"), that he died either in Ios or after failing to solve a riddle set by fishermen, and various explanations for the name "Homer". The two best known ancient biographies of Homer are the Life of Homer by the Pseudo-Herodotus and the Contest of Homer and Hesiod.In the early 4th century BC Alcidamas composed a fictional account of a poetry contest at Chalcis with both Homer and Hesiod. Homer was expected to win, and answered all of Hesiod's questions and puzzles with ease. Then, each of the poets was invited to recite the best passage from their work. Hesiod selected the beginning of Works and Days: "When the Pleiades born of Atlas ... all in due season". Homer chose a description of Greek warriors in formation, facing the foe, taken from the Iliad. Though the crowd acclaimed Homer victor, the judge awarded Hesiod the prize; the poet who praised husbandry, he said, was greater than the one who told tales of battles and slaughter. History of Homeric scholarship Ancient The study of Homer is one of the oldest topics in scholarship, dating back to antiquity. Nonetheless, the aims of Homeric studies have changed over the course of the millennia. The earliest preserved comments on Homer concern his treatment of the gods, which hostile critics such as the poet Xenophanes of Colophon denounced as immoral. The allegorist Theagenes of Rhegium is said to have defended Homer by arguing that the Homeric poems are allegories. The Iliad and the Odyssey were widely used as school texts in ancient Greek and Hellenistic cultures. They were the first literary works taught to all students. The Iliad, particularly its first few books, was far more intently studied than the Odyssey during the Hellenistic and Roman periods.As a result of the poems' prominence in classical Greek education, extensive commentaries on them developed to explain parts of the poems that were culturally or linguistically difficult. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, many interpreters, especially the Stoics, who believed that Homeric poems conveyed Stoic doctrines, regarded them as allegories, containing hidden wisdom. Perhaps partially because of the Homeric poems' extensive use in education, many authors believed that Homer's original purpose had been to educate. Homer's wisdom became so widely praised that he began to acquire the image of almost a prototypical philosopher. Byzantine scholars such as Eustathius of Thessalonica and John Tzetzes produced commentaries, extensions and scholia to Homer, especially in the twelfth century. Eustathius's commentary on the Iliad alone is massive, sprawling over nearly 4,000 oversized pages in a twenty-first century printed version and his commentary on the Odyssey an additional nearly 2,000. Modern In 1488, the Greek scholar Demetrios Chalkokondyles published the editio princeps of the Homeric poems. The earliest modern Homeric scholars started with the same basic approaches towards the Homeric poems as scholars in antiquity. The allegorical interpretation of the Homeric poems that had been so prevalent in antiquity returned to become the prevailing view of the Renaissance. Renaissance humanists praised Homer as the archetypically wise poet, whose writings contain hidden wisdom, disguised through allegory. In western Europe during the Renaissance, Virgil was more widely read than Homer and Homer was often seen through a Virgilian lens.In 1664, contradicting the widespread praise of Homer as the epitome of wisdom, François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac wrote a scathing attack on the Homeric poems, declaring that they were incoherent, immoral, tasteless, and without style, that Homer never existed, and that the poems were hastily cobbled together by incompetent editors from unrelated oral songs. Fifty years later, the English scholar Richard Bentley concluded that Homer did exist, but that he was an obscure, prehistoric oral poet whose compositions bear little relation to the Iliad and the Odyssey as they have been passed down. According to Bentley, Homer "wrote a Sequel of Song.... Discover the Homer popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Homer books.

Best Seller Homer Books of September 2021

Wild at Heart e-book Download

Wild at Heart

Zoe YorkSeptember 28, 2021$4.99

He's the guy everyone loves, and she's the outsider who knows better than to fall for the town's favourite golden boy. Everyone in Pine Harbour loves Will Kincaid—except the one person he ...

Courage Is Calling e-book Download

Courage Is Calling

Ryan HolidaySeptember 28, 2021$13.99

Ryan Holiday’s bestselling trilogy— The Obstacle Is the Way , Ego is the Enemy , and Stillness is the Key —captivated professional athletes, CEOs, politicians, and entrepreneurs and he...

Last Seen Alone e-book Download

Last Seen Alone

Laura GriffinSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

When they face the most baffling missing person's case of their careers, a fiercely ambitious lawyer and a homicide detective have no one to turn to for help except each other, from  Ne...

The Last Graduate e-book Download

The Last Graduate

Naomi NovikSeptember 28, 2021$13.99

The specter of graduation looms large as Naomi Novik’s groundbreaking, New York Times bestselling trilogy continues in the stunning sequel to A Deadly Education . In Wisdom, Shelter. That...

The Wish e-book Download

The Wish

Nicholas SparksSeptember 28, 2021$14.99

With exclusive travel photos and a special letter from the Author, only available for e-readers. From the author of The Longest Ride and The Return comes a novel about the enduring legacy of...

Feeding the Soul (Because It's My Business) e-book Download

Feeding the Soul (Because It's My Business)

Tabitha BrownSeptember 28, 2021$14.99

You are seen, you are loved, and you are heard! Before Tabitha Brown was one of the most popular personalities in the world, sharing her delicious vegan home cooking and ...

Apples Never Fall e-book Download

Apples Never Fall

Liane MoriartySeptember 14, 2021$14.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller From Liane Moriarty, the #1 New York Times bestselling author of Big Little Lies and Nine Perfect Strangers , comes Apples Never Fall , a novel that looks at mar...

Unrequited Infatuations e-book Download

Unrequited Infatuations

Stevie Van ZandtSeptember 28, 2021$16.99

Uncover never-before-told stories in this epic tale of self-discovery by a Rock n Roll disciple and member of the E Street Band. What story begins in a bedroom in suburban New Jersey in the ...

As Good as Dead e-book Download

As Good as Dead

Holly JacksonSeptember 28, 2021$10.99

The highly anticipated finale to the A Good Girl's Guide to Murder series, the instant New York Times bestsellers that read like your favorite true crime podcast or show. By the end of ...

Bewilderment: A Novel e-book Download

Bewilderment: A Novel

Richard PowersSeptember 21, 2021$14.99

Shortlisted for the 2021 Booker Prize Longlisted for the 2021 National Book Award for Fiction A heartrending new novel from the Pulitzer Prize–winning and #1 New York Times best-selling au...

The Christmas Wish e-book Download

The Christmas Wish

Sharon SalaSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

Fans of RaeAnne Thayne and Debbie Mason will feel right at home in this emotional holiday love story: • Uplifting second chance romance • Tight-knit small-town community • Characters t...

Want Me e-book Download

Want Me

M. MaloneSeptember 27, 2021$3.99

My girl and I have an understanding.   We date. We have fun. No strings. No labels. It’s not until she tells me that I’m no longer her not-boyfriend that I realize how much I liked ...

Peril e-book Download

Peril

Bob Woodward & Robert CostaSeptember 21, 2021$14.99

The transition from President Donald J. Trump to President Joseph R. Biden Jr. stands as one of the most dangerous periods in American history. But as # 1 internationally bestselling author ...

The Last Thing He Told Me e-book Download

The Last Thing He Told Me

Laura DaveMay 4, 2021$13.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER SELECTION OF THE REESE WITHERSPOON BOOK CLUB A HIGHLY ANTICIPATED, BEST BOOK OF SUMMER SELECTED BY * VOGUE * USA TODAY * ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY * CNN * TOWN & ...

Santa's Subpoena e-book Download

Santa's Subpoena

Rebecca ZanettiSeptember 28, 2021$3.99

Anna, Aiden, and the whole Albertini Family are back in this Holiday Adventure!

Mr. Park Lane e-book Download

Mr. Park Lane

Louise BaySeptember 28, 2021$4.99

I haven't seen him in over a decade, but Joshua Luca can still get to me. And I hate it. At twenty-nine, I'm a doctor and I've traveled the world, but just the thought of him has m...

Deadly Valor e-book Download

Deadly Valor

Kaylea CrossSeptember 28, 2021$4.99

She's been targeted by a killer. Widow Danae Sutherland moved to Crimson Point a month ago with her teenage son to begin a new chapter in their lives. Adjusting to small town life is a big c...

Cloud Cuckoo Land e-book Download

Cloud Cuckoo Land

Anthony DoerrSeptember 28, 2021$14.99

From the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of All the Light We Cannot See , perhaps the most bestselling and beloved literary fiction of our time, comes the highly anticipated Cloud Cuckoo Lan...

The Jailhouse Lawyer e-book Download

The Jailhouse Lawyer

James Patterson & Nancy AllenSeptember 20, 2021$14.99

From James Patterson, the world's #1 bestselling author: a young lawyer takes on the judge who is destroying her hometown—and ends up in jail herself. In picture-perfect Erva, Alabama, the...

The Man Who Died Twice e-book Download

The Man Who Died Twice

Richard OsmanSeptember 28, 2021$13.99

The second gripping novel in the New York Times bestselling Thursday Murder Club series, soon to be a major motion picture from Steven Spielberg at Amblin Entertainment Elizabeth, Joyce, Ron...

I'll Take Your Questions Now e-book Download

I'll Take Your Questions Now

Stephanie GrishamOctober 5, 2021$14.99

The most frank and intimate portrait of the Trump White House yet Stephanie Grisham rose from being a junior press wrangler on the Trump campaign in 2016 to assuming top positions in the adm...

The Unknown e-book Download

The Unknown

Heather GrahamSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

Someone wants to watch the city burn… Sienna Murray was only fourteen when she pulled her neighbors out of a raging house fire. A decade later, she still can’t explain what happened...

Enemy at the Gates e-book Download

Enemy at the Gates

Vince Flynn & Kyle MillsSeptember 14, 2021$14.99

Picking up where the “tour de force” ( The Providence Journal ) Total Power left off, the next thriller in the #1 New York Times bestselling Mitch Rapp series follows the CIA’s top ope...

Keep Me Warm at Christmas e-book Download

Keep Me Warm at Christmas

Brenda NovakSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

Maybe this Christmas can thaw his frozen heart—and heal hers. Hollywood starlet Tia Beckett knows one moment can change your life. Her career had been on the fast track before a near-fatal...

Mistletoe Christmas e-book Download

Mistletoe Christmas

Eloisa James, Christi Caldwell, Janna MacGregor & Erica RidleySeptember 28, 2021$6.99

From four beloved writers—Eloisa James, Christi Caldwell, Janna MacGregor, and Erica Ridley—come four original stories that tell a hilarious tale of a Christmas house party that serves u...

Sunreach (Skyward Flight: Novella 1) e-book Download

Sunreach (Skyward Flight: Novella 1)

Brandon Sanderson & Janci PattersonSeptember 28, 2021$4.99

From #1 bestselling author Brandon Sanderson and Janci Patterson comes the first of three Skyward series novellas, each told from the perspective of a different member of the team back ...

It Ends with Us e-book Download

It Ends with Us

Colleen HooverAugust 2, 2016$11.99

In this “brave and heartbreaking novel that digs its claws into you and doesn’t let go, long after you’ve finished it” (Anna Todd, New York Times bestselling author) from the #1 New ...

Santa Cruise e-book Download

Santa Cruise

Fern MichaelsSeptember 28, 2021$12.99

Fans of Debbie Macomber and Danielle Steel won’t want to miss this enchanting, humorous, and heartwarming novel that takes you on a singles cruise with four lifelong friends who might just...

One Night to Forever Box Set: Books 1-4 e-book Download

One Night to Forever Box Set: Books 1-4

Melissa McCloneSeptember 19, 2019$0.99

Experience love when it's least expected with four full-length, heartwarming sweet romances in the One Night to Forever box set by USA TODAY Bestselling Author Melissa McClone. Fiancé for t...

The Santa Suit e-book Download

The Santa Suit

Mary Kay AndrewsSeptember 28, 2021$10.99

From Mary Kay Andrews, the New York Times bestselling author of Hello, Summer , comes a novella celebrating the magic of Christmas and second chances in The Santa Suit . When newly-divorced ...

Mile High with a Vampire e-book Download

Mile High with a Vampire

Lynsay SandsSeptember 28, 2021$6.99

In the latest Argeneau novel from New York Times bestselling author Lynsay Sands, an immortal and her mortal pilot are on the run from hungry vampires...and discover they’re life mates alo...

The Duchess Hunt e-book Download

The Duchess Hunt

Lorraine HeathSeptember 28, 2021$5.99

New York Times bestselling author Lorraine Heath continues her Once Upon a Dukedom series with this lush love story of a duke who discovers what he desires in a wife may not be what he needs...

Mistletoe Cowboy e-book Download

Mistletoe Cowboy

Diana PalmerSeptember 28, 2021$2.99

In this heartwarming story of holiday romance, one cowboy is ready for love—whether he knows it yet or not . . .   Horse whisperer Parker doesn't drink, smoke, or gamble, and he doesn...

The High 5 Habit e-book Download

The High 5 Habit

Mel RobbinsSeptember 28, 2021$12.99

In her global phenomenon The 5 Second Rule, Mel Robbins taught millions of people around the world the five second secret to motivation . Now she's back with another simple, proven tool you ...

Vanderbilt e-book Download

Vanderbilt

Anderson Cooper & Katherine HoweSeptember 21, 2021$14.99

New York Times bestselling author and journalist Anderson Cooper teams with New York Times bestselling historian and novelist Katherine Howe to chronicle the rise and fall of a legendary Ame...

Strength Under Fire e-book Download

Strength Under Fire

Lindsay McKennaSeptember 28, 2021$6.99

New York Times bestselling author Lindsay McKenna returns to Silver Creek, Wyoming, where a Black Ops veteran  finds the strength to fight again when a dangerous terrorist group comes a...

Tell Me e-book Download

Tell Me

Lisa JacksonMarch 19, 2013$1.99

A reporter and her cop fiancé dig into the shocking truth of a cold murder case in this Southern thriller by the #1 New York Times bestselling author. The most hated woman in Savannah, Geor...

Bourdain e-book Download

Bourdain

Laurie WooleverSeptember 28, 2021$14.99

An unprecedented behind-the-scenes view into the life of Anthony Bourdain from the people who knew him best  When Anthony Bourdain died in June 2018, fans around the globe came together...

Wild Heart e-book Download

Wild Heart

Laurelin PaigeSeptember 28, 2021$5.99

Book three in the Dirty Wild trilogy that began with Wild Rebel. Secrets, surprises, and second chances. This trip down memory lane with Jolie has mended as much as it’s torn up. I promise...

Beneath The Willow Tree e-book Download

Beneath The Willow Tree

Rachel HannaSeptember 28, 2021$3.99

In the 8th installment of this USA Today bestselling series, someone has come home to Seagrove after many years. But what are they doing back in town? Also, catch up with your other favorite...

The Night She Disappeared e-book Download

The Night She Disappeared

Lisa JewellSeptember 7, 2021$12.99

INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “Utterly gripping with richly drawn, hugely compelling characters, this is a first-class thriller with heart.” —Lucy Foley, New York Times bestselling...

The Love Hypothesis e-book Download

The Love Hypothesis

Ali HazelwoodSeptember 14, 2021$9.99

The Instant New York Times Bestseller A BuzzFeed Best Summer Read of 2021 When a fake relationship between scientists meets the irresistible force of attraction, it throws one woman's carefu...

The Christmas Wedding Guest e-book Download

The Christmas Wedding Guest

Susan MallerySeptember 28, 2021$9.99

“This two-in-one romance starts a new series that Mallery’s many fans will devour like a Christmas cookie.”—Booklist Susan Mallery, author of the Fool’s Gold romances, cheerfu...

Considering Kate e-book Download

Considering Kate

Nora RobertsAugust 26, 2019$2.99

Enjoy the final book in the reader-favorite Stanislaskis series from #1 New York Times bestselling author Nora Roberts. Kate Stanislaski Kimball is done with glamour and fame; she has come h...

Murder at the Royal Botanic Gardens e-book Download

Murder at the Royal Botanic Gardens

Andrea PenroseSeptember 28, 2021$12.99

A thrilling new mystery novel from the acclaimed author of Murder at Queen’s Landing , perfect for fans of Deanna Raybourn and Anne Perry ! The wedding of the Earl of Wrexford and Lady Cha...

A Fatality in Spain (A Year in Europe—Book 4) e-book Download

A Fatality in Spain (A Year in Europe—Book 4)

Blake PierceSeptember 28, 2021$4.99

“When you think that life cannot get better, Blake Pierce comes up with another masterpiece of thriller and mystery! This book is full of twists, and the end brings a surprising revelation...

Beach Trip e-book Download

Beach Trip

Cathy HoltonMay 12, 2009$1.99

“Break out the tissues, sunblock, and margarita mix as four friends reunite after twenty-three years for a beach party in [this] feast of Southern friendship. . . . [Cathy] Holton refreshe...

The Essay e-book Download

The Essay

Robin YocumOctober 8, 2012$1.99

Jimmy Lee Hickam grew up along Red Dog Road, a dead-end strip of gravel and mud buried deep in the bowels of Appalachian Ohio. It is the poorest road, in the poorest county, in the poorest r...

Spark e-book Download

Spark

Helen HardtSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

He’ll do anything for his family… Donovan “Donny” Steel is on a partnership track with a major Denver law firm. He loves his city career and his luxurious downtown loft, and life is ...

Best Seller Homer Audio Books of September 2021

Peril (Unabridged) audiobook
Peril (Unabridged)Bob Woodward & Robert Costa$14.99

Listen Peril (Unabridged) - Bob Woodward & Robert Costa audiobook, mp3 download.

Greenlights (Unabridged) audiobook
Greenlights (Unabridged)Matthew McConaughey$14.99

Listen Greenlights (Unabridged) - Matthew McConaughey audiobook, mp3 download.

Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged) audiobook
Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged)James Clear$14.99

Listen Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged) - James Clear audiobook, mp3 download.

The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck audiobook
The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ckMark Manson$14.99

Listen The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck - Mark Manson audiobook, mp3 download.

Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged) audiobook
Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged)David Goggins$21.99

Listen Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged) - David Goggins audiobook, mp3 download.

Vanderbilt audiobook
VanderbiltAnderson Cooper & Katherine Howe$19.99

Listen Vanderbilt - Anderson Cooper & Katherine Howe audiobook, mp3 download.

A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century: Evolution and the Challenges of Modern Life (Unabridged) audiobook
A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century: Evolution and the Challenges of Modern Life (Unabridged)Heather Heying & Bret Weinstein$14.99

Listen A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century: Evolution and the Challenges of Modern Life (Unabridged) - Heather Heying & Bret Weinstein audiobook, mp3 download.

Local Woman Missing audiobook
Local Woman MissingMary Kubica$9.99

Listen Local Woman Missing - Mary Kubica audiobook, mp3 download.

The Wish audiobook
The WishNicholas Sparks$14.99

Listen The Wish - Nicholas Sparks audiobook, mp3 download.

Dune audiobook
DuneFrank Herbert$26.99

Listen Dune - Frank Herbert audiobook, mp3 download.

You were invited to try Coinbase!Coinbase is the world's most trusted place to buy and sell cryptocurrency. Open an account today, and if you buy or sell $100 or more of crypto, you'll receive $10 worth of free Bitcoin!