Who is John Fernando?

John Fernando Popular Books

John Fernando Biography & Facts

Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando; Catalan: Ferran; Basque: Errando; Spanish: Fernando; 10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516) was King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516. As the husband of Queen Isabella I of Castile, he was King of Castile from 1474 to 1504 as Ferdinand V. He reigned over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with Isabella; together they are known as the Catholic Monarchs. Ferdinand is considered de facto the first king of Spain, being described as such during his own lifetime, although Castile and Aragon remained de jure two different kingdoms until the Nueva Planta decrees of 1707 to 1716.The Crown of Aragon that Ferdinand inherited in 1479 included the kingdoms of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, and Sicily, as well as the Principality of Catalonia. His marriage to Queen Isabella I of Castile is regarded as the "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy". Ferdinand and Isabella played a role in the European discovery of the New World, sponsoring the first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492. That year the couple defeated Granada, the last Muslim state in Western Europe, thus completing the centuries-long Reconquista. Ferdinand was the king of the Crown of Castile until Isabella's death in 1504, when their daughter Joanna became queen. That year, after a war with France, Ferdinand conquered the Kingdom of Naples. In 1507 he became regent of Castile on behalf of Joanna, who was alleged to be mentally unstable. In 1506, as part of a treaty with France, Ferdinand married Germaine of Foix, but there were no surviving children. In 1512 he conquered the Kingdom of Navarre, ruling all the territories comprising modern-day Spain until his death in 1516. He was nominally succeeded by his daughter Joanna but power was soon assumed by her son Charles I (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V). Early life Ferdinand was born on 10 March 1452, in the town of Sos del Rey Católico, Kingdom of Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon (whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez. Marriage and accession Ferdinand married Isabella, the half-sister and heir presumptive of Henry IV of Castile, on 19 October 1469 in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile and Leon. Isabella also belonged to the royal House of Trastámara, and the two were second cousins by descent from John I of Castile. They were married with a clear prenuptial agreement on sharing power, and under the joint motto "tanto monta, monta tanto". He became jure uxoris King of Castile when Isabella succeeded her deceased brother in 1474. The two young monarchs were initially obliged to fight a civil war against Joanna, the purported daughter of Henry IV, and were swiftly successful. When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon were united in a personal union. The various states were not formally administered as a single unit, but as separate political units under the same Crown. (The legal merging of Aragon and Castile into a single Spain occurred under Philip V in 1707–1715.) The first years of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule saw the Spanish conquest of the Emirate of Granada, the last Islamic al-Andalus entity on the Iberian peninsula, completed in 1492.The completion of the Reconquista was not the only significant act performed by Ferdinand and Isabella in that year. In March 1492, the monarchs issued the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews, also called the Alhambra Decree, a document which ordered all Jews either to be baptised and convert to Christianity or to leave the country. It allowed Mudéjar Moors (Islamic) and converso Marrano Jews to stay, while expelling all unconverted Jews from Castile and Aragon (most Jews either converted or moved to the Ottoman Empire). 1492 was also the year in which the monarchs commissioned Christopher Columbus to find a westward maritime route for access to Asia, which resulted in the Spanish arrival in the Americas. In 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the entire world beyond Europe between Portugal and Castile (Spain) for conquest and dominion purposes – by a north–south line drawn down the Atlantic Ocean. Forced conversions Ferdinand violated the 1491 Treaty of Granada peace treaty in 1502 by dismissing the clearly guaranteed religious freedom for Mudéjar Muslims. Ferdinand forced all Muslims in Castile and Aragon to convert, converso Moriscos, to Catholicism, or else be expelled. Some of the Muslims who remained were mudéjar artisans, who could design and build in the Moorish style. This was also practised by the Spanish inquisitors on the converso Marrano Jewish population of Spain. The latter part of Ferdinand's life was largely taken up with disputes with successive kings of France over control of Italy, the Italian Wars. In 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and expelled Alfonso II, who was Ferdinand's first cousin once removed and step nephew, from the throne of Naples. Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand II, on the Neapolitan throne. In 1501, following Ferdinand II's death and accession of his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand signed an agreement with Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan, to partition Naples between them, with Campania and the Abruzzi, including Naples itself, going to the French and Ferdinand taking Apulia and Calabria. The agreement soon fell apart and, over the next several years, Ferdinand's great general Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba fought to take Naples from the French, finally succeeding by 1504. The King of France complains that I have twice deceived him. He lies, the fool; I have deceived him ten times and more. Some time before 1502 Andreas Palaiologos, the last exiled claimant to the Byzantine throne of his house, sold his titles and royal and imperial rights to Ferdinand. Those, however, had never been made use of, due to the doubtful nature of the deal. After Isabella Isabella made her will on 12 October 1504, in advance of her 26 November 1504 death. In it she spelled out the succession to the crown of Castile, leaving it to Joanna and then to Joanna's son Charles. Isabella was dubious of Joanna's ability to rule and was not confident of Joanna's husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand moved quickly after his wife's death to continue his role in Castile. On the day of his wife's death, he formally renounced his title as king of Castile and instead became governor (gobernador) of the kingdom, as a way to become regent. Philip deemed his wife sane and fit to rule. A compromise was forged between Philip and Ferdinand, which gave Ferdinand a continued role in Castile. Ferdinand had served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. .... Discover the John Fernando popular books. Find the top 100 most popular John Fernando books.

Best Seller John Fernando Books of September 2021

A Slow Fire Burning e-book Download

A Slow Fire Burning

Paula HawkinsAugust 31, 2021$14.99

AN INSTANT #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The scorching new thriller from the #1 New York Times bestselling author of The Girl on the Train.   “ A Slow Fire Burning twists and turns lik...

Billy Summers e-book Download

Billy Summers

Stephen KingAugust 3, 2021$14.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller From legendary storyteller Stephen King, whose “restless imagination is a power that cannot be contained” ( The New York Times Book Review ), comes a thrilli...

Ugly Love e-book Download

Ugly Love

Colleen HooverAugust 5, 2014$10.99

From Colleen Hoover, the #1 New York Times bestselling author of It Ends With Us, a heart-wrenching love story that proves attraction at first sight can be messy. When Tate Collins meets air...

Based on a True Story e-book Download

Based on a True Story

Norm MacdonaldSeptember 20, 2016$9.99

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • “Driving, wild and hilarious” ( The Washington Post ), here is the incredible “memoir” of the legendary actor, gambler, raconteur, and Saturday Night Li...

The Child in the Photo e-book Download

The Child in the Photo

Kerry WilkinsonJune 14, 2021$0.99

I stare at the newspaper article about a baby snatched from the back of a car thirty years ago, and wonder why someone would post it through my door. Looking closer, my blood freezes. The li...

The Paper Palace e-book Download

The Paper Palace

Miranda Cowley HellerJuly 6, 2021$13.99

REESE'S BOOK CLUB PICK INSTANT #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER THE PAPER PALACE IS: “Filled with secrets, love, lies and a summer beach house. What more could you ask?”— Parade “A deepl...

Enemy at the Gates e-book Download

Enemy at the Gates

Vince Flynn & Kyle MillsSeptember 14, 2021$14.99

Picking up where the “tour de force” ( The Providence Journal ) Total Power left off, the next thriller in the #1 New York Times bestselling Mitch Rapp series follows the CIA’s top ope...

The Judge's List e-book Download

The Judge's List

John GrishamOctober 19, 2021$14.99

Nonstop suspense from the #1 New York Times bestselling author: Investigator Lacy Stoltz follows the trail of a serial killer, and closes in on a shocking suspect—a sitting judge.  &#...

You Got Anything Stronger? e-book Download

You Got Anything Stronger?

Gabrielle UnionSeptember 14, 2021$14.99

“Funny, tender, and so good.” —Mindy Kaling, #1 New York Times bestselling author of Why Not Me? Remember when we hit it off so well that we decided We’re Going to Nee...

The Lost Symbol e-book Download

The Lost Symbol

Dan BrownSeptember 15, 2009$9.99

#1 WORLDWIDE BESTSELLER • An intelligent, lightning-paced thriller s et within the hidden chambers, tunnels, and temples of Washington, D.C., with surprises at every turn. • Don’t miss...

Miss Graham's Cold War Cookbook e-book Download

Miss Graham's Cold War Cookbook

Celia ReesJuly 7, 2020$1.99

"A perfect summer read; gripping, original, well-drawn and compassionate"--Joanne Harris   "Celia Rees is a superb writer, and this novel has one of the most irresistible and unique sto...

Sailing True North e-book Download

Sailing True North

Admiral James Stavridis, USNOctober 15, 2019$1.99

From one of the most distinguished admirals of our time and a former Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, a meditation on leadership and character refracted through the lives of ten of the most...

Beautiful World, Where Are You e-book Download

Beautiful World, Where Are You

Sally RooneySeptember 7, 2021$14.99

AN INSTANT #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTELLER Beautiful World, Where Are You is a new novel by Sally Rooney, the bestselling author of Normal People and Conversations with Friends . Alice, a noveli...

White Nights e-book Download

White Nights

Anna Zaires & Charmaine PaulsSeptember 14, 2021$5.99

"A one-sitting, unputdownable read that will have your pulse racing from start to finish." ~  L.J. Shen,  Wall Street Journal  Bestselling Author Power. Th...

The Madness of Crowds e-book Download

The Madness of Crowds

Louise PennyAugust 24, 2021$14.99

Instant #1 New York Times Bestseller AARP The Magazine – Recommended Summer Reading CNN – A Most Anticipated Book of August Bustle – A Most Anticipated Book of August Chief Inspector A...

Peril e-book Download

Peril

Bob Woodward & Robert CostaSeptember 21, 2021$14.99

The transition from President Donald J. Trump to President Joseph R. Biden Jr. stands as one of the most dangerous periods in American history. But as # 1 internationally bestselling author ...

Shielding Ember e-book Download

Shielding Ember

Susan StokerSeptember 14, 2021$4.99

For as long as she can remember, Ember Maxwell’s life hasn’t been her own. A world-renowned influencer, she’s a brand unto herself, created by her parents—who also want Olympic glory...

The Night She Disappeared e-book Download

The Night She Disappeared

Lisa JewellSeptember 7, 2021$12.99

“Utterly gripping with richly drawn, hugely compelling characters, this is a first-class thriller with heart.” —Lucy Foley, New York Times bestselling author “Insane suspense.” —...

Eaters of the Dead e-book Download

Eaters of the Dead

Michael CrichtonMarch 12, 1976$1.99

From the bestselling author of  Jurassic Park ,  Timeline , and  Sphere  comes an epic tale of unspeakable horror.   It is 922 A.D. The refined Arab courtier Ibn Fad...

The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck e-book Download

The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck

Mark MansonSeptember 13, 2016$12.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller Over 1 million copies sold In this generation-defining self-help guide, a superstar blogger cuts through the crap to show us how to stop trying to be "positive" ...

Courage Under Fire e-book Download

Courage Under Fire

Lindsay McKennaFebruary 23, 2021$6.99

A gripping new novel of the West featuring the cowboys of Silver Creek by acclaimed New York Times bestselling author Lindsay McKenna, perfect for fans of the exciting novels of B.J. Daniels...

Vanderbilt e-book Download

Vanderbilt

Anderson Cooper & Katherine HoweSeptember 21, 2021$14.99

New York Times bestselling author and journalist Anderson Cooper teams with New York Times bestselling historian and novelist Katherine Howe to chronicle the rise and fall of a legendary Ame...

Nightmare in Pink e-book Download

Nightmare in Pink

John D. MacDonald & Lee ChildOctober 12, 1978$1.99

From a beloved master of crime fiction, Nightmare in Pink is one of many classic novels featuring Travis McGee, the hard-boiled detective who lives on a houseboat.   Travis McGee’s pe...

For The Love of You e-book Download

For The Love of You

Claire MartiMarch 18, 2020$0.99

For a French soccer icon, and a gifted artist, a fake engagement is the perfect solution for their current dilemmas. But when last summer's fling slips from lust to love, their pretend relat...

A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century e-book Download

A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century

Heather Heying & Bret WeinsteinSeptember 14, 2021$14.99

A bold, provocative history of our species finds the roots of civilization’s success and failure in our evolutionary biology. We are living through the most prosperous age in all of human ...

A Mind Awake e-book Download

A Mind Awake

C. S. LewisFebruary 14, 2017$1.99

A repackaged edition of the revered author’s anthology featuring hundreds of selections from his writings, organized by the main themes of Christian faith. C. S. Lewis—the great British ...

The Rebound e-book Download

The Rebound

Kendall RyanSeptember 14, 2021$4.99

A smokin' hot new standalone romance from New York Times bestseller, Kendall Ryan. My coach hates me, and our team captain now watches my every move, so that's super fun. Which is why I'm tr...

Forgotten in Death e-book Download

Forgotten in Death

J. D. RobbSeptember 7, 2021$14.99

In the latest novel in the #1 New York Times bestselling series, homicide detective Eve Dallas sifts through the wreckage of the past to find a killer. The body was left in a dumpster like s...

The Last Thing He Told Me e-book Download

The Last Thing He Told Me

Laura DaveMay 4, 2021$13.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER SELECTION OF THE REESE WITHERSPOON BOOK CLUB A HIGHLY ANTICIPATED, BEST BOOK OF SUMMER SELECTED BY * VOGUE * USA TODAY * ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY * CNN * TOWN & ...

Hostage e-book Download

Hostage

Clare MackintoshJune 22, 2021$1.99

"Feels like a blockbuster movie."—Lisa Jewell, #1 New York Times bestselling author of Then She Was Gone "Mackintosh is a pro...the final scene in the book almost made me sick as I read it...

Black Annis: Revenge of the Witch Box Set e-book Download

Black Annis: Revenge of the Witch Box Set

Aubrey LawAugust 28, 2021$0.99

BLACK MAGIC IS THE BEST REVENGE New 2021 edition!  Contains the first five Black Annis books: Demon Hunter Demon Slayer Demon Destroyer Demon Punisher Blood Moon All that the ancient bl...

The Love Hypothesis e-book Download

The Love Hypothesis

Ali HazelwoodSeptember 14, 2021$9.99

A BuzzFeed Best Summer Read of 2021 When a fake relationship between scientists meets the irresistible force of attraction, it throws one woman's carefully calculated theories on love into c...

Running on Diesel e-book Download

Running on Diesel

Melissa FosterSeptember 15, 2021$5.99

A fun, sexy, and emotionally riveting standalone contemporary romance by New York Times bestselling author Melissa Foster. RUNNING ON DIESEL is the perfect love story for those who enjoy fie...

Among the Lesser Gods e-book Download

Among the Lesser Gods

Margo CattsMay 9, 2017$1.99

For fans of authors like Barbara Kingsolver and Leif Enger, a stunning new voice in contemporary literary fiction. "Tragedy and blessing. Leave them alone long enough, and it gets real hard ...

A History of God e-book Download

A History of God

Karen ArmstrongSeptember 28, 1993$2.99

Why does God exist? How have the three dominant monotheistic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—shaped and altered the conception of God? How have these religions influenced each...

A Hope for Emily e-book Download

A Hope for Emily

Kate HewittFebruary 20, 2020$3.99

“ So heart-wrenching … This story just grips you right from the start. I had a really hard time putting it down and found myself reading well into the night… Perfect for fans of such w...

The Inn at Ocean's Edge e-book Download

The Inn at Ocean's Edge

Colleen CobleApril 14, 2015$1.99

In this USA TODAY bestselling romantic suspense, Claire’s visit to a luxury hotel in Maine awakens repressed memories that undermine all she holds dear. In 1989, Claire Dell...

Breathless Secrets e-book Download

Breathless Secrets

Elizabeth LennoxSeptember 17, 2021$3.99

Was she risking her heart for a liar? Molly McCabe helped people.  As director of the neighborhood community center, she loved making the world a better place.  So when James Morga...

Flight e-book Download

Flight

Laura GriffinMarch 30, 2021$1.99

One tenacious local detective can only get the help he needs from a former forensic photographer with a serial killer on the loose in the new romantic thriller from  New York Times ...

The Sunny Side Up Cozy Mysteries Box Set e-book Download

The Sunny Side Up Cozy Mysteries Box Set

Rosie A. PointJuly 22, 2021$0.99

Five cozy mysteries for you to enjoy... When Sunny arrives in Parfait, Florida, she's set on sun, sand, and rejuvenation after a messy divorce. She's done dealing with her flaky ex, and the ...

Keep Your Brain Alive e-book Download

Keep Your Brain Alive

Lawrence C. Katz Ph.D. & Manning RubinMarch 25, 2014$1.99

A neurobiologist provides simple ways to exercise your brain, enhance your memory, and boost your cognitive health.   Over forty? Getting forgetful? Having trouble learning new things, ...

Christmas at Castle Dunrannoch e-book Download

Christmas at Castle Dunrannoch

Emmanuelle de MaupassantAugust 4, 2021$0.99

"The curse is upon us! Beware the bagpipes! Each clansman shall meet his death!" Whenever the fearsome fetch of Camdyn Dalreagh, first chieftain, plays a ghostly rendition on the bagpipes, a...

Harlem Shuffle e-book Download

Harlem Shuffle

Colson WhiteheadSeptember 14, 2021$14.99

From the two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Underground Railroad and The Nickel Boys , a gloriously entertaining novel of heists, shakedowns, and rip-offs set in Harlem in the 196...

The Trapped Wife e-book Download

The Trapped Wife

Samantha HayesSeptember 8, 2021$0.99

‘ Jaw-dropping … I did literally gasp and say, “NO WAY!” out loud… And at the end, I just sat there thinking, “What the hell did I just read?” … freaking awesome … The twis...

The Lost Continent e-book Download

The Lost Continent

Bill BrysonJune 2, 2015$1.99

“The kind of book Steinbeck might have written if he’d traveled with David Letterman.” —New York magazine An inspiring and hilarious account of one man’s rediscovery of America and...

A Thousand Days in Venice e-book Download

A Thousand Days in Venice

Marlena de BlasiJune 11, 2013$1.99

An American chef meets the love of her life among the beautiful canals and exquisite cuisine of Venice—“better than a romance novel, it’s the real thing” ( New Orleans Times-Picayune...

Apples Never Fall e-book Download

Apples Never Fall

Liane MoriartySeptember 14, 2021$14.99

From Liane Moriarty, the #1 New York Times bestselling author of Big Little Lies and Nine Perfect Strangers , comes Apples Never Fall , a novel that looks at marriage, siblings, and how the ...

It Ends with Us e-book Download

It Ends with Us

Colleen HooverAugust 2, 2016$11.99

In this “brave and heartbreaking novel that digs its claws into you and doesn’t let go, long after you’ve finished it” (Anna Todd, New York Times bestselling author) from the #1 New ...

Legacy of Silence e-book Download

Legacy of Silence

Belva PlainApril 13, 1998$1.99

In Legacy of Silence, New York Times bestselling author Belva Plain creates an unforgettable story of a remarkable family—and a deception that reaches across continents, oceans, and genera...

The Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo e-book Download

The Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo

Taylor Jenkins ReidJune 13, 2017$13.99

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER “If you ’ re looking for a book to take on holiday this summer, The Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo has got all the glitz and glamour to make it a perfect beach r...

Best Seller John Fernando Audio Books of September 2021

A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century: Evolution and the Challenges of Modern Life (Unabridged) audiobook
A Hunter-Gatherer's Guide to the 21st Century: Evolution and the Challenges of Modern Life (Unabridged)Heather Heying & Bret Weinstein$14.99

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Greenlights (Unabridged) audiobook
Greenlights (Unabridged)Matthew McConaughey$14.99

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Based on a True Story: A Memoir (Unabridged) audiobook
Based on a True Story: A Memoir (Unabridged)Norm Macdonald$14.99

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Enemy at the Gates (Unabridged) audiobook
Enemy at the Gates (Unabridged)Vince Flynn$14.99

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The Rules of Magic (Unabridged) audiobook
The Rules of Magic (Unabridged)Alice Hoffman$3.99

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The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck audiobook
The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ckMark Manson$14.99

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Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged) audiobook
Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged)David Goggins$21.99

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Apples Never Fall audiobook
Apples Never FallLiane Moriarty$19.99

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Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged) audiobook
Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged)James Clear$14.99

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Rich Dad Poor Dad: 20th Anniversary Edition: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not! (Unabridged) audiobook
Rich Dad Poor Dad: 20th Anniversary Edition: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not! (Unabridged)Robert T. Kiyosaki$12.99

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