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In linguistics, homonyms, broadly defined, are words which are homographs (words that share the same spelling, regardless of pronunciation) or homophones (words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of spelling), or both. For example, according to this definition, the words row (propel with oars) and row (a linear arrangement) are homonyms, as are the words see (vision) and sea (body of water). A more restrictive or technical definition sees homonyms as words that are simultaneously homographs and homophones – that is to say they have identical spelling and pronunciation, whilst maintaining different meanings. Examples are the pair stalk (part of a plant) and stalk (follow/harass a person) and the pair left (past tense of leave) and left (opposite of right). A distinction is sometimes made between true homonyms, which are unrelated in origin, such as skate (glide on ice) and skate (the fish), and polysemous homonyms, or polysemes, which have a shared origin, such as mouth (of a river) and mouth (of an animal).The relationship between a set of homonyms is called homonymy, and the associated adjective is homonymous or homonymic. The adjective "homonymous" can additionally be used wherever two items share the same name, independent of how closely they are or are not related in terms of their meaning or etymology. For example, the name Ōkami is homonymous with the Japanese term for "wolf" (Ōkami). Etymology The word homonym comes from the Greek ὁμώνυμος (homonymos), meaning "having the same name", which is the conjunction of ὁμός (homos), "common, same, similar " and ὄνομα (onoma) meaning "name". Thus, it refers to two or more distinct concepts sharing the "same name" or signifier. Note: for the h sound, see rough breathing and smooth breathing. Related terms Several similar linguistic concepts are related to homonymy. These include: Homographs (literally "same writing") are usually defined as words that share the same spelling, regardless of how they are pronounced. If they are pronounced the same then they are also homophones (and homonyms) – for example, bark (the sound of a dog) and bark (the skin of a tree). If they are pronounced differently then they are also heteronyms – for example, bow (the front of a ship) and bow (a ranged weapon). Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled. If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing"). Homographic examples include rose (flower) and rose (past tense of rise). Heterographic examples include to, too, two, and there, their, they’re. Due to their similar yet non-identical pronunciation in American English, ladder and latter do not qualify as homophones, but rather synophones. Heteronyms (literally "different name") are the subset of homographs (words that share the same spelling) that have different pronunciations (and meanings). Such words include desert (to abandon) and desert (arid region); tear (to rip) and tear (a drop of moisture formed in one eye); row (to argue or an argument) and row (as in to row a boat or a row of seats - a pair of homophones). Heteronyms are also sometimes called heterophones (literally "different sound"). Polysemes are words with the same spelling and distinct but related meanings. The distinction between polysemy and homonymy is often subtle and subjective, and not all sources consider polysemous words to be homonyms. Words such as mouth, meaning either the orifice on one's face, or the opening of a cave or river, are polysemous and may or may not be considered homonyms. Capitonyms are words that share the same spelling but have different meanings when capitalized (and may or may not have different pronunciations). Such words include polish (make shiny) and Polish (from Poland); march (walk in step) and March (the third month of the Year) and the pair: reading (using a book) and Reading (towns in, among other places, England).Further examples A homonym which is both a homophone and a homograph is fluke, meaning: A fish, and a flatworm. The end parts of an anchor. The fins on a whale's tail. A stroke of luck.These meanings represent at least three etymologically separate lexemes, but share the one form, fluke.* Note that fluke is also a capitonym, in that Fluke Corporation (commonly referred to as simply "Fluke") is a manufacturer of industrial testing equipment. Similarly, a river bank, a savings bank, a bank of switches, and a bank shot in the game of pool share a common spelling and pronunciation, but differ in meaning. The words bow and bough are examples where there are two meanings associated with a single pronunciation and spelling (the weapon and the knot); two meanings with two different pronunciations (the knot and the act of bending at the waist), and two distinct meanings sharing the same sound but different spellings (bow, the act of bending at the waist, and bough, the branch of a tree). In addition, it has several related but distinct meanings – a bent line is sometimes called a 'bowed' line, reflecting its similarity to the weapon. Even according to the most restrictive definitions, various pairs of sounds and meanings of bow, Bow and bough are homonyms, homographs, homophones, heteronyms, heterographs, capitonyms and are polysemous. bow – a long wooden stick with horse hair that is used to play certain string instruments such as the violin bow – to bend forward at the waist in respect (e.g. "bow down") bow – the front of the ship (e.g. "bow and stern") bow – a kind of tied ribbon (e.g. bow on a present, a bowtie) bow – to bend outward at the sides (e.g. a "bow-legged" cowboy) Bow – a district in London bow—a weapon to shoot projectiles with (e.g. a bow and arrow)A lime can refer to a fruit or a material. A mold (mould) can refer to a fungus or an industrial cast. The words there, their, and they're are examples of three words that are of a singular pronunciation, have different spellings and vastly different meanings. These three words are commonly misused (or misspelled if you want to look at it that way). there - "The bow shot the arrow there," he said as he pointed. their - "It was their bow and arrow." the Mother said. they're - They're not going to get to shoot the bow again after puncturing the tire(tyre) on Daddy's car. (Contraction of They and Are.)Homonyms in historical linguistics Homonymy can lead to communicative conflicts and thus trigger lexical (onomasiological) change. This is known as homonymic conflict. See also Heterography and homography Synonyms, different words with identical or very similar meanings (conceptual inversion of "homonym") riddles wordplayNotes References Further reading Christman, Robert (2002). Homonyms: Why English Suffers (Paperback). Las Cruces, N.... Discover the Manik Joshi popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Manik Joshi books.

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Dictionary of Prefixes and Suffixes: Useful English Affixes book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Prefixes and Suffixes: Useful English Affixes

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AFFIXA letter or group of letters added to the beginning or end of a word to get a new word with a changed meaning.Examples –im- in impossible; inter- in international

Ending Sentences with Prepositions: Useful Tips book summary, reviews and downlod

Ending Sentences with Prepositions: Useful Tips

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:A Big MythList of PrepositionsEnding a sentence with a preposition – About, Against, At, By, For, From, In, Into, Of, On, Out,...

Daily Use English Sentences: Popular Topics book summary, reviews and downlod

Daily Use English Sentences: Popular Topics

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:KITCHENTWO-WHEELERBUSINESSCOURTCRIMEACTIONSTIMEPOLITE EXPRESSIONSPHONEPASSING AWAY

Dictionary of Category Words: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Category Words: Vocabulary Building

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:01. Category Words -- Sounds02. Category Words -- Ways of Thinking03. Category Words -- Ways of Walking04. Category Words ...

English Imperative Sentences: Most Common Imperative Verbs book summary, reviews and downlod

English Imperative Sentences: Most Common Imperative Verbs

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What are “Imperative Sentences”?The word "imperative" is derived from the term "emperor".Imperative sentences are used to give commands (orders).Imperative senten...

Dictionary of Literary Words book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Literary Words

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Literary words are associated with literature. Literary words are typical of a work of literature and imaginative writing. Literary words are used with a particular meaning, in narrative, dr...

Dictionary of Humorous Words: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Humorous Words: Vocabulary Building

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What are “Humorous Words”?What is Humor? [HUMOUR [(British English) | HUMOR (AMERICAN ENGLISH)]Humor is something that is funny, comical, or amusingDefiniti...

Regular and Irregular Verbs: English Verb Forms book summary, reviews and downlod

Regular and Irregular Verbs: English Verb Forms

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More than 2500 Regular and 275 Irregular Verbs in EnglishThis Book Covers the Following Topics:01. Regular Verbs01A. Regular Verbs -- Pattern - 101B. Regular Ve...

Dictionary of English Idioms: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of English Idioms: Vocabulary Building

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Useful English Idioms and their meanings in simple words | Alphabetical list of English IdiomsSample this:Useful English Idioms -- AAbackbe taken ab...

Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences: English Sentence Forms book summary, reviews and downlod

Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences: English Sentence Forms

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Sentence Forms - ComparisonSimple sentence –One independent clauseCompound sentence –Two or more independent clausesComplex sentence –

Daily English- Important Notes: Improve Your English book summary, reviews and downlod

Daily English- Important Notes: Improve Your English

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:01. Collective Phrases02. Cries of Creatures03(A). Young Ones of Birds/Animals/Insects03(B). Animals/Birds/Insects and The...

How to Start a Sentence book summary, reviews and downlod

How to Start a Sentence

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How to start a sentence in English | sentence beginnings | starting a sentence is easy | this book has following topics - start a sentence- using ‘as’ | start a sentence- using ‘after...

Repetition of Words: Emphasize Your Thoughts book summary, reviews and downlod

Repetition of Words: Emphasize Your Thoughts

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:What is “Repetition of Words”?Structure (1) ---- Word + and + WordStructure (2) ---- Comparative + and + ComparativeSt...

Creating Long Sentences in English: Boost Your Communication Skills book summary, reviews and downlod

Creating Long Sentences in English: Boost Your Communication Skills

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Patterns for Creating Long Sentences01 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (I)02 -- Using ‘-ING Form of Verbs’ (II)03 --...

High Blood Pressure book summary, reviews and downlod

High Blood Pressure

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This book covers the following topics: What Is blood pressure, different stages of blood pressure, measuring blood pressure, variation in blood pressure, BP difference between right and left...

Dictionary of Adverbs: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Adverbs: Vocabulary Building

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750 Useful Adverbs and their MeaningsAn adverb is a word used to describe or modify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. They tell us how (in what manner), how much (in what d...

Remarks In the English Language: Grammar Rules book summary, reviews and downlod

Remarks In the English Language: Grammar Rules

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:1. Agreeing Or Disagreeing In EnglishA. Agreeing In EnglishB. Disagreeing In English2. Agreements and Disagreements ...

Examples of English Correlatives: Correlative Words and Sentences book summary, reviews and downlod

Examples of English Correlatives: Correlative Words and Sentences

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:1. AS---AS1A. AS EARLY AS1B. AS FAR AS1C. AS LONG AS1D. AS MANY AS1E. AS MUCH AS1F. AS SOON AS1G. ...

Dictionary of Difficult Words: 5000 English Words book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Difficult Words: 5000 English Words

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5000 Difficult English Words and their Meanings. | Advanced Words in English Language | Letter A -- 275 Words | Letter B -- 242 Words | Letter C -- 438 Words | Letter D -- 321 Words | Letter...

Compound Words in English: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Compound Words in English: Vocabulary Building

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What are “Compound Words”?A compound word consists of two or more base words. The meaning of the Compound words is often different from the separate base words.Co...

Dictionary of Approving and Disapproving Words: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Approving and Disapproving Words: Vocabulary Building

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850 Approving and Disapproving wordsApproving words in English are words that are used to show something (action, state, etc.) that you generally approve of or think good. On the...

Using Tenses in English: Past, Present, Future book summary, reviews and downlod

Using Tenses in English: Past, Present, Future

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:What are “Tenses”?AGREEMENT between SUBJECT and VERBTWENTY-FOUR Auxiliary VerbsREGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBSPRESEN...

Popular English Idioms and Phrases: English Idiomatic Expressions book summary, reviews and downlod

Popular English Idioms and Phrases: English Idiomatic Expressions

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Sample This:English Idioms and Phrases -- AADD001. -- State governments should add more teeth to anti-ragging laws. [‘add more teeth’ -- to make something m...

Negative Forms in English: Common Negative Sentences book summary, reviews and downlod

Negative Forms in English: Common Negative Sentences

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:BY NO MEANSLITTLEBUT NOTNEVERNO/NOT/NEVER ------- NORNO/NOT/NEVER ------- ORNEITHER ------- NORNOB...

English Grammar– Do, Does, Did: Patterns and Examples book summary, reviews and downlod

English Grammar– Do, Does, Did: Patterns and Examples

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:English Grammar – ‘DO/DOES/DID’English Grammar – ‘DO’VERB ‘DO’ -- (A) – Affirmative SentencesVERB ...

Dictionary of English Synonyms book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of English Synonyms

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What is Synonym- Synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. | Alphabetical List of Useful Synonyms | Advanced and daily used English synonyms | Sample Th...

Words That Act as Multiple Parts of Speech (PART 2): Types of Words book summary, reviews and downlod

Words That Act as Multiple Parts of Speech (PART 2): Types of Words

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The same word can be used as more than one part of speech. On this basis, we can broadly classify the words as follows: A: Words that represent at least TWO parts of speech, B: Words that re...

English Grammar- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were book summary, reviews and downlod

English Grammar- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were

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verb -- ‘to be’ | verb ‘to be’- negative, interrogative patterns | 1a. English grammar – ‘am’ | 1b. am + -ing form of verb | 1c. am + being + past participle | 1d. am + past pa...

Test Your English: Useful English Exercises book summary, reviews and downlod

Test Your English: Useful English Exercises

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Table of contents01. Conditional Sentences02. Causative Sentences03. Interrogative Sentences04. Imperative Sentences05. Beginning of a Sentence06. Using T...

Dictionary of Adjectives: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Adjectives: Vocabulary Building

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1525 Useful Adjectives and their MeaningsAn adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Adjectives can act as a complement to linking verbs or the verb “t...

English Grammar- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were: Patterns and Examples book summary, reviews and downlod

English Grammar- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were: Patterns and Examples

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Verb ‘To Be’Verb ‘To Be’ -- Negative PatternsVerb ‘To Be’ -- Interrogative Patterns1A. English Grammar – ‘...

English Conditional Sentences: Past, Present, Future; Real, Unreal Conditionals book summary, reviews and downlod

English Conditional Sentences: Past, Present, Future; Real, Unreal Conditionals

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"Conditional sentences” express factual implications, or hypothetical situations and their consequences. There are two clauses in conditional sentences:Dependent clause: Exp...

English Grammar- Be and Have: Patterns and Examples book summary, reviews and downlod

English Grammar- Be and Have: Patterns and Examples

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Pattern (01) -- To + BePattern (02) -- To + Be + -ING Form of VerbPattern (03) -- To + First Form of VerbPattern (04) -- T...

Popular Sentences in English: English Language Skills book summary, reviews and downlod

Popular Sentences in English: English Language Skills

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Sample This:Popular Sentences in English -- ISentence Beginning With IT/THERE/THAT/THISITIt began to rain.It has become tough to walk on these...

English Modal Auxiliary Verbs: May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need, Used To book summary, reviews and downlod

English Modal Auxiliary Verbs: May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need, Used To

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Modal Auxiliary Verb (or ‘Modal Verb’ or ‘Modal Auxiliary’) is a verb that is used with another verb (not a modal verb) to express ability, intention, necessity, obligation, permissi...

Dictionary of 5-Letter Words: Words You Should Know book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of 5-Letter Words: Words You Should Know

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In this book, you will learn the meanings of useful 5-letter-words. You will also find the names of parts of speech they belong to. I have also given synonyms for most of these words. Sample...

Learn English Exclamations: Popular Exclamatory Words and Sentences book summary, reviews and downlod

Learn English Exclamations: Popular Exclamatory Words and Sentences

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:1. What is an “Exclamation”?2. Exclamatory Sentences3. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘What’4. Exclamatory Sentences w...

Dictionary of English Synonyms: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of English Synonyms: Vocabulary Building

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500 Words and Their SynonymsA synonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.Sample This:English Synonyms – A

Dictionary of Root Words: Greek and Latin Roots book summary, reviews and downlod

Dictionary of Root Words: Greek and Latin Roots

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What are “Root Words”?A root or root word is a word that is used to form another word. It is also called a base word. A root does not have a prefix (a letter or group of lett...

Test Your English book summary, reviews and downlod

Test Your English

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1. Conditional Sentences, 2. Causative Sentences, 3. Interrogative Sentences, 4. Imperative Sentences, 5. Beginning of a Sentence, 6. Using Tenses, 7. Collective Nouns, 8. Reflexive Pronouns...

Homonyms, Homophones and Homographs book summary, reviews and downlod

Homonyms, Homophones and Homographs

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Homonyms -- Same Spelling / Same pronunciation / Different meaning | Homophones -- Different Spelling / Same or similar pronunciation / Different meaning | Homographs -- Same Spelling / Diff...

Direct and Indirect Speech: English Speaking book summary, reviews and downlod

Direct and Indirect Speech: English Speaking

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:01. Direct and Indirect Speech02. Expression of Time03. Important Reporting Verbs04. Pronoun Change05. Tenses in Dir...

English Causative Sentences: Active and Passive Causatives book summary, reviews and downlod

English Causative Sentences: Active and Passive Causatives

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:What are “Causative Sentences”?Causative Sentences -- HAVE1(A) ---- Active Causative Structure1(B) ---- Passive Causat...

English Interrogative Sentences: Common Interrogative Patterns book summary, reviews and downlod

English Interrogative Sentences: Common Interrogative Patterns

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:What are “Interrogative Sentences”?Structure (1) -- Wh-Question Word + Be/Do/Have/Modal(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal(1...

Making Comparisons in English: Similarities, Dissimilarities, Degrees book summary, reviews and downlod

Making Comparisons in English: Similarities, Dissimilarities, Degrees

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Structure (1a) ---- Comparison of Actions - IStructure (1b) ---- Comparison of Actions - IIStructure (2a) ---- Comparison of Qualities...

Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples book summary, reviews and downlod

Interchange of Active and Passive Voice: Patterns and Examples

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Active and Passive VoiceInterchange of Active and Passive Voice1. First or Second Form of Verb2. Auxiliary Verb ‘Be’ +...

How to End a Sentence: Ways to End Sentences in English book summary, reviews and downlod

How to End a Sentence: Ways to End Sentences in English

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:How to End a SentenceHow to End a Sentence -- Using ‘ADJECTIVES’How to End a Sentence -- Using ‘ADVERBS’How to End...

How to Use Numbers in Conversation: Numbers in English Sentences book summary, reviews and downlod

How to Use Numbers in Conversation: Numbers in English Sentences

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:Types of NumbersStandard Words for NumbersVarious ExpressionsStructure (1) -- Multiple Number [In the Beginning or Middle ...

How to Start a Sentence: Words to Begin Sentences book summary, reviews and downlod

How to Start a Sentence: Words to Begin Sentences

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This Book Covers The Following Topics:How to Start a SentenceStart a Sentence -- Using ‘AS’Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AFTER’ and ‘BEFORE’Start a Sen...

Homonyms, Homophones and Homographs: Vocabulary Building book summary, reviews and downlod

Homonyms, Homophones and Homographs: Vocabulary Building

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HOMONYMSHomonym a word that is spelled like another word (or pronounced like it) but which has a different meaning, for example, Key meaning ‘set of answer to problems’ and Key mea...

Best Seller Manik Joshi Audio Books of January 2022

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