Who is Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md?

Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md Popular Books

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Hip hop music, also known as rap music, is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans in the Bronx borough of New York City in the 1970s. It consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, and graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records (or synthesized beats and sounds), and rhythmic beatboxing. While often used to refer solely to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture. The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing, turntablism, scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks.Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became increasingly popular in New York City, particularly among African American youth residing in the Bronx. At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became widely available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Hip hop music was not officially recorded for play on radio or television until 1979, largely due to poverty during the genre's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods. Old school hip hop was the first mainstream wave of the genre, marked by its disco influence and party-oriented lyrics. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop as the genre developed more complex styles and spread around the world. New school hip hop was the genre's second wave, marked by its electro sound, and led into Golden age hip hop, an innovative period between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s that also developed hip hop's own album era. The gangsta rap subgenre, focused on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth, gained popularity at this time. West Coast hip hop was dominated by G-funk in the early-mid 1990s, while East Coast hip hop was dominated by jazz rap, alternative hip hop, and hardcore rap. Hip hop continued to diversify at this time with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top-selling music genre by 1999. The popularity of hip hop music continued through the late 1990s to mid-2000s "bling era" with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into other genres of popular music, such as neo soul, nu metal, and R&B. The United States also saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics, and alternative hip hop began to secure a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of its artists. During the late 2000s and early 2010s "blog era", rappers were able to build up a following through online methods of music distribution, such as social media and blogs, and mainstream hip hop took on a more melodic, sensitive direction following the commercial decline of gangsta rap. The trap and mumble rap subgenres have become the most popular form of hip hop during the mid-late 2010s and early 2020s. In 2017, rock music was usurped by hip hop as the most popular genre in the United States. Etymology The words "hip" and "hop" have a long history behind the two words being used together. In the 1950s, older folks referred to teen house parties as "hippity hops". The creation of the term hip hop is often credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, and DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap. It is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U.S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching. Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance. For example, he would say something along the lines of "I said a hip-hop, a hibbit, hibby-dibby, hip-hip-hop and you don't stop." which was quickly used by other artists such as The Sugarhill Gang in "Rapper's Delight". Universal Zulu Nation founder Afrika Bambaataa, also known as "The Godfather" is credited with first using the term to describe the subculture in which the music belonged; although it is also suggested that it was a derogatory term to describe the type of music. The term was first used in print to refer to the music by reporter Robert Flipping, Jr. in a February 1979 article in The New Pittsburgh Courier, and to refer to the culture in a January 1982 interview of Afrika Bambaataa by Michael Holman in the East Village Eye. The term gained further currency in September of that year in another Bambaataa interview in The Village Voice, by Steven Hager, later author of a 1984 history of hip hop.There are disagreements about whether or not the terms "hip hop" and "rap" can be used interchangeably. This even happens amongst hip-hop's most knowledgeable writers, performers, and listeners. The most common view that is seen, is that hip-hop is a cultural movement that emerged in the South Bronx in New York City during the 1970s, with MCing (or rapping) being one of the primary four elements. Hip hop's other three essential elements are graffiti art (or aerosol art), break dancing, and DJing. Rap music has become by far the most celebrated expression of hip hop culture, largely as a result of its being the easiest to market to a mass audience. Precursors Musical elements anticipating hip hop music have been identified in blues, jazz and rhythm and blues recordings from the 1950s and earlier, including several records by Bo Diddley.Muhammad Ali's 1963 spoken-word album I Am the Greatest is regarded by some writers as an early example of hip hop. Pigmeat Markham's 1968 single "Here Comes the Judge" is one of several songs said to be the earliest hip hop record. Leading up to hip hop, there were spoken-word artists such as the Last Poets who released their debut album in 1970, and Gil Scott-Heron, who gained a wide audience with his 1971 track "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised". These artists combined spoken word .... Discover the Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md books.

Best Seller Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md Books of April 2021

Cranky Pants e-book Download

Cranky Pants

Kayt MillerFebruary 23, 2021$0.99

Maggy Fitzgerald is happy . She works at her best friend's flower shop with the full knowledge that this is probably as good as its going to get. That is until that same friend talks he...

The Invitation e-book Download

The Invitation

Lucy FoleyAugust 2, 2016$1.99

From the author of  The Guest List , an evocative love story set along the Italian Riviera about a group of charismatic stars who all have secrets and pasts they try desperately -- and ...

Silver Bay e-book Download

Silver Bay

Jojo MoyesApril 29, 2014$1.99

Look out for Jojo’s new book,  Paris for One and Other Stories ,  available now. From the  New York Times  bestselling author of  Me Before You  and  One...

National Security e-book Download

National Security

Marc CameronJanuary 30, 2018$0.99

America has a new weapon in the war on terror: “Fascinating characters… Masterful.”—Steve Berry   They can strike anytime, anywhere. A public landmark. A suburban shopping mall....

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A Court of Silver Flames

Sarah J. MaasFebruary 16, 2021$14.99

Sarah J. Maas's sexy, richly imagined series continues with the journey of Feyre's fiery sister, Nesta. Nesta Archeron has always been prickly-proud, swift to anger, and slow to forg...

Win e-book Download


Harlan CobenMarch 16, 2021$14.99

In this #1  New York Times  bestselling thriller from Harlan Coben, a dead man's secrets fall into the hands of a vigilante antihero—drawing him down a dangerous road. Over twent...

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The Manila Deception

J. Robert KennedyNovember 23, 2019$0.99


Northern Spy e-book Download

Northern Spy

Flynn BerryApril 6, 2021$13.99

REESE'S BOOK CLUB PICK   “If you love a mystery, then you’ll devour [ Northern Spy ] . . . I loved this thrill ride of a book.”—Reese Witherspoon “A chilling, gorgeously writt...

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The Crown of Gilded Bones

Jennifer L. ArmentroutApril 20, 2021$5.99

Bow Before Your Queen Or Bleed Before Her… From #1 New York Times bestselling author Jennifer L. Armentrout comes book three in her Blood and Ash series. She's been the victim and the surv...

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The God Equation

Michio KakuApril 6, 2021$11.99

Michio Kaku, renowned theoretical physicist and #1 New York Times bestselling author of  The Future of the Mind  and The Future of Humanity , tells the story of the greatest quest ...

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An American in Paris

Siobhan CurhamJanuary 4, 2021$3.99

Walking through Montmartre that morning was like the eerie calm right before a storm. The roads were deserted. We carried on, arm in arm, and then finally, we saw them. Columns and columns o...

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The Body

Bill BrysonOctober 15, 2019$1.99

A New York Times Bestseller Bill Bryson, bestselling author of A Short History of Nearly Everything , takes us on a head-to-toe tour of the marvel that is the human body—with a new afterwo...

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Open Carry

Marc CameronFebruary 25, 2020$0.99

From the New York Times bestselling author of Tom Clancy: Code of Honor (The Jack Ryan Universe)  comes   the first in the acclaimed Arliss Cutter series set in the beautiful and d...

There There e-book Download

There There

Tommy OrangeJune 5, 2018$1.99

“Powerful. . . .  a revelation.” — The New York Times    “With a literary authority rare in a debut novel, it places Native American voices front and center before rea...

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The Red Book

James Patterson & David EllisMarch 29, 2021$14.99

James Patterson believes  The Black Book  is his best thriller ever.  The Red Book  is even better. ​ For Detective Billy Harney, getting shot in the head, stalked by a...

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The Four Winds

Kristin HannahFebruary 2, 2021$14.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER #1 USA TODAY BESTSELLER #1 WALL STREET JOURNAL BESTSELLER #1 INDIE BESTSELLER " The Four Winds seems eerily prescient in 2021 . . . Its message is galvanizing an...

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The Other Daughter

Shalini BolandNovember 5, 2019$3.99

‘ I read this book in a day!  I enjoyed it so much I wanted to  cancel plans just to read  it!…  Loved it loved it loved it!! ’ Goodreads Reviewer, ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ ...

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A Court of Thorns and Roses

Sarah J. MaasMay 5, 2015$13.99

The sexy, action-packed first book in the #1 New York Times bestselling Court of Thorns and Roses series from Sarah J. Maas. When nineteen-year-old huntress Feyre kills a wolf in the woods, ...

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The Awakening

Nora RobertsNovember 24, 2020$8.99

#1 New York Times bestselling author of the epic Chronicles of The One trilogy returns with the first in a brand new series where parallel worlds clash over the struggle between good and evi...

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Stone Cross

Marc CameronMarch 31, 2020$0.99

An Apple Books Best of the Month Selection A  USA Today  Bestseller “Suspenseful . . . builds to a satisfying, if violent, conclusion . . .” — Publishers Weekly   In a r...

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Beverly LewisApril 2, 2019$1.99

With her Amish parents' twentieth anniversary approaching, eighteen-year-old Sylvia Miller stumbles across a surprise--the old brass tinderbox her clockmaker father keeps in his Lancaster Co...

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Where The Light Gets In

Lucy DillonApril 19, 2018$0.99

'Lucy Dillon's books never fail to make me happy' Jenny Colgan Sometimes the cracks in your heart can be mended in unexpected ways . . . If Lorna's learned one thing, it's that courage is so...

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Good Company

Cynthia D'Aprix SweeneyApril 6, 2021$14.99

A Most Anticipated Book From: OprahMag.com * Refinery29 * Houston Chronicle * The Millions * Elle * Buzzfeed "Cynthia D'Aprix Sweeney plumbs the depths of marriage, motherhood and friendship...

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Rich Dad Poor Dad

Robert T. KiyosakiSeptember 18, 2015$7.99

In Rich Dad Poor Dad, the #1 Personal Finance book of all time, Robert Kiyosaki shares the story of his two dad: his real father, whom he calls his ‘poor dad,’ and the father of his best...

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The Midnight Library

Matt HaigSeptember 29, 2020$13.99

"A feel-good book guaranteed to lift your spirits." —The Washington Post   A  New York Times  bestseller | Winner of the Goodreads Choice Award for Fiction | A Good Morning ...

Freed e-book Download


E L JamesJune 1, 2021$9.99

Relive the sensuality, the romance, and the drama of Fifty Shades Freed through the thoughts, reflections, and dreams of Christian Grey. E L James revisits the world of Fifty Shades with a d...

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The Black Book

James Patterson & David EllisMarch 27, 2017$9.99

The "thrilling" #1 New York Times and USA Today bestseller (Karin Slaughter): when three bodies are found in a Chicago bedroom, a black book goes missing . . . and the city has never been mo...

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The Bookstore on the Beach

Brenda NovakApril 6, 2021$9.99

"A page-turner with a deep heart."—Nancy Thayer, New York Times bestselling author of Girls of Summer How do you start a new chapter of your life when you haven’t closed the book on the ...

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You Betrayed Me

Lisa JacksonOctober 27, 2020$13.99

A Goodreads Big Thriller of Fall 2020   “Complex…exhilarating. The constant twists will keep the readers hooked… a nonstop thrill ride.” —Publishers Weekly, Pick of the Week f...

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Life's Too Short

Abby JimenezApril 6, 2021$9.99

A brilliant and touching romantic comedy from the USA Today bestselling author of The Friend Zone and The Happy Ever After Playlist .  When Vanessa Price quit her job to pursue her drea...

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The Book of Two Ways

Jodi PicoultSeptember 22, 2020$7.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • From the author of Small Great Things and A Spark of Light comes a  “powerful” ( The Washington Post ) novel about the choices that alter the c...

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A Marriage Made in Texas

Eve GaddyApril 19, 2017$0.99

Besides the slower, friendlier pace of a small-town practice, the attractions drawing Dr. Jay Kincaid to tiny coastal Redfish, Texas, are his brother and his family—and the intriguing woma...

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Small Town Girl

Alexa RileyApril 8, 2021$2.99

Lux is ready to leave Pink Springs and spread her wings, but when she winds up in the big city squeezed into a bunny costume, things are definitely not going to plan. One little hop into the...

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Crazy Rich Asians

Kevin KwanJune 11, 2013$1.99

A hilarious and heartwarming New York Times bestselling novel—the basis for the acclaimed major motion picture! "There's rich, there's filthy rich, and then there's crazy rich ... A  ...

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Lidia's Italian-American Kitchen

Lidia Matticchio BastianichOctober 23, 2001$1.99

Lidia Bastianich, loved by millions of Americans for her simple, delectable Italian cooking, gives us her most instructive and personal cookbook yet. Focusing on the Italian-American kitchen...

Trooper e-book Download


Forrest Bryant JohnsonMarch 27, 2018$1.99

Whenever middle-aged desert tour guide Forrest Bryant Johnson went out on his daily walks into the Mojave, all was usually peaceful and serene. But one beautiful summer day in 1987, Forrest ...

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In the Woods

Tana FrenchMay 17, 2007$1.99

The debut novel of an astonishing voice in psychological suspense As dusk approaches a small Dublin suburb in the summer of 1984, mothers begin to call their children home. But on this warm ...

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The 48 Laws of Power

Robert Greene & Joost ElffersSeptember 1, 1998$16.99

Amoral, cunning, ruthless, and instructive, this multi-million-copy  New York Times  bestseller   is the definitive manual for anyone interested in gaining, observing, or...

Baytown Boys Box Set books 1-3 e-book Download

Baytown Boys Box Set books 1-3

MaryAnn JordanMay 18, 2019$0.99

Military duty called them away to war zones, but after tours overseas, the group of friends found their way back home as men, seeking the peaceful little seaside town. Now, the band of broth...

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Beautiful Things

Hunter BidenApril 6, 2021$14.99

“ I come from a family forged by tragedies and bound by a remarkable, unbreakable love,” Hunter Biden writes in this deeply moving memoir of addiction, loss, and survival. When he was tw...

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Down the Rabbit Hole

Holly MadisonJune 23, 2015$9.99

The real, untold, and unvarnished story of life inside the legendary Playboy Mansion—and the man who holds the key—from the woman who was Hef’s #1 girlfriend and star of The Girls Next...

One Good Deed e-book Download

One Good Deed

David BaldacciJuly 23, 2019$9.99

The #1 New York Times bestselling author David Baldacci introduces an unforgettable new character: Archer, a straight-talking former World War II soldier fresh out of prison for a crime he d...

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On the House

John BoehnerApril 13, 2021$14.99

Former Speaker of the House John Boehner shares colorful tales from the halls of power, the smoke-filled rooms around the halls of power, and his fabled tour bus. John Boehner is the last of...

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Keto Meal Prep by FlavCity

Bobby Parrish & Dessi ParrishMay 15, 2019$11.99

The creators of FlavCity shares the secrets to making seven days of healthy and delicious meals in one evening with easy, creative meal prep recipes. With over 1,000,000 fans, FlavCity is th...

Greenlights e-book Download


Matthew McConaugheyOctober 20, 2020$14.99

#1  NEW YORK TIMES  BESTSELLER • Over one million copies sold! From the Academy Award®–winning actor, an unconventional memoir filled with raucous stories, outlaw wisdom,...

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Angel of Skye

May McGoldrickSeptember 4, 1996$0.99

USA Today Bestselling Author Winner of the Holt Medallion for Best Historical Romance! From the wild shores of the Scotland's Western Isles to the bloody fields of France to the glitteri...

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The Complete Works of Ernest Hemingway

Ernest HemingwayApril 23, 2020$4.99

Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the i...

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Wolf Love: Warrior Wolves Complete Collection, Books One to Five

Christine DePetrilloMarch 23, 2021$0.99

Five Celtic warriors of the past are banished to the present. Small-town Vermont will never be the same.   When Reardon McAlator sees that his army will not win against a formidable ene...

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The Boy Next Door

Jennifer SucevicApril 6, 2021$3.99

From USA Today bestselling author, Jennifer Sucevic, comes a sexy, new stand-alone novel. I’ve spent more years than I care to admit crushing hard on Colton Montgomery. The blond, blue-eye...

The Undoing: Previously Published as You Should Have Known e-book Download

The Undoing: Previously Published as You Should Have Known

Jean Hanff KorelitzMarch 18, 2014$1.99

Read the "rollickingly good literary thriller" and New York Times Bestseller -- and watch the most talked about TV series of 2020, starring Nicole Kidman and Hugh Grant.   Grace Reinhar...

Best Seller Samuel J Youssef Md Jason A Williams Md Audio Books of April 2021

Greenlights (Unabridged) audiobook
Greenlights (Unabridged)Matthew McConaughey$14.99

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The Law of Innocence audiobook
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Rich Dad Poor Dad: 20th Anniversary Edition: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not! (Unabridged) audiobook
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Beautiful Things (Unabridged) audiobook
Beautiful Things (Unabridged)Hunter Biden$14.99

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The Four Agreements (Unabridged)Don Miguel Ruiz$8.99

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