Who is William L Shirer?

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William L Shirer Biography & Facts

William Lawrence Shirer (; February 23, 1904 – December 28, 1993) was an American journalist and war correspondent. He wrote The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, a history of Nazi Germany that has been read by many and cited in scholarly works for more than 50 years. Originally a foreign correspondent for the Chicago Tribune and the International News Service, Shirer was the first reporter hired by Edward R. Murrow for what became a CBS radio team of journalists known as "Murrow's Boys". He became known for his broadcasts from Berlin, from the rise of the Nazi dictatorship through the first year of World War II (1939-1940). With Murrow, he organized the first broadcast world news roundup, a format still followed by news broadcasts. Shirer wrote more than a dozen books besides The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, including Berlin Diary (published in 1941); The Collapse of the Third Republic (1969), which drew on his experience living and working in France from 1925 to 1933; and a three-volume autobiography, 20th Century Journey (1976 to 1990). Personal life William's father was a Chicago lawyer, when he was born in 1904. When he was a child, his father died and the family moved to Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Shirer attended Washington High School and Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. He graduated from Coe in 1925. He had to deliver newspapers and sell eggs to help the family finances. After leaving school he worked on the local newspaper. William made clear to his mother and friends, remaining in Iowa after college was not an option. Chicago, maybe, but Cedar Rapids wasn't an option for him. Working his way to Europe on a cattle boat to spend the summer there, he remained in Europe for 15 years.: 236 He was European correspondent for the Chicago Tribune from 1925 to 1932, covering Europe, the Near East and India. In India he formed a friendship with Mohandas Gandhi. Shirer lived and worked in France for several years starting in 1925. He left in the early 1930s but returned frequently to Paris throughout the decade. He lived and worked as a correspondent in Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1940. In 1931, Shirer married Theresa ("Tess") Stiberitz, an Austrian photographer. The couple had two daughters, Eileen ("Inga") and Linda. Shirer and his wife divorced in 1970. In 1972 he married Martha Pelton, whom he divorced in 1975. His third (and final) marriage was to Irina Lugovskaya, a long-time teacher of Russian at Simon's Rock College. Shirer and Irina had no children. Shirer was residing in Lenox, Massachusetts at the time of his death. Pre-war years As a print journalist and later as a radio reporter for CBS, Shirer covered the strengthening one-party rule in Nazi Germany beginning in 1933. Shirer reported on Adolf Hitler's peacetime triumphs like the return of the Saarland to Germany and the remilitarization of the Rhineland. Shirer was hired in 1934 for the Berlin bureau of Universal Service, one of William Randolph Hearst's two wire services. In Berlin Diary, Shirer described this move, in a self-proclaimed bad pun, as going from "bad to Hearst". When Universal Service folded in August 1937, Shirer was first taken on as second man by Hearst's other wire service, International News Service, then laid off a few weeks later. On the day when Shirer received two weeks' notice from INS, he received a wire from Edward R. Murrow, European manager of Columbia Broadcasting System, suggesting that the two meet. At their meeting a few days later in Berlin, Murrow said that he could not cover all of Europe from London and that he was seeking an experienced correspondent to open a CBS office on the Continent. He offered Shirer a job subject to an audition—a "trial broadcast"—to let CBS directors and vice presidents in New York judge Shirer's voice. Shirer feared that his reedy voice was unsuitable for radio, but he was hired. As European bureau chief, he set up headquarters in Vienna, a more central and more neutral spot than Berlin. His job was to arrange broadcasts, and early in his career he expressed disappointment at having to hire newspaper correspondents to do the broadcasting; at the time, CBS correspondents were prohibited from speaking on the radio. Shirer was the first of "Murrow's Boys", broadcast journalists who provided news coverage during World War II and afterward. CBS's prohibition of correspondents talking on the radio, viewed by Murrow and Shirer as "absurd", ended in March 1938. Shirer was in Vienna on March 11, 1938, when the German annexation of Austria (Anschluss) took place after weeks of mounting pressure by Nazi Germany on the Austrian government. As the only American broadcaster in Vienna (NBC rival Max Jordan was not in town), Shirer had a scoop but lacked the facilities to report it to his audience. Occupying German troops controlling the Austrian state radio studio would not let him broadcast. At Murrow's suggestion, Shirer flew to London via Berlin; he recalled in Berlin Diary that the direct flight to London was filled with Jews trying to escape from German-occupied Austria. Once in London, Shirer broadcast the first uncensored eyewitness account of the annexation. Meanwhile, Murrow flew from London to Vienna to cover for Shirer. The next day, CBS's New York headquarters asked Shirer and Murrow to produce a European roundup, a 30-minute broadcast featuring live reporting from five European capitals: Berlin, Vienna, Paris, Rome, and London. The broadcast, arranged in eight hours using the telephone and broadcasting facilities of the day, was a major feat. This first news roundup established a formula still used in broadcast journalism. It was also the genesis of what became CBS World News Roundup, still on the network each morning and evening, network broadcasting's oldest news series. Shirer reported on the Munich Agreement and Hitler's occupation of Czechoslovakia before reporting on the growing tensions between Germany and Poland in 1939 and the German invasion of Poland that launched World War II on September 1, 1939. During much of the pre-war period, Shirer was based in Berlin and attended Hitler's speeches and several party rallies in Nuremberg. Reporting the war from Berlin When war broke out on the Western Front in 1940, Shirer moved forward with the German troops, reporting firsthand on the German "Blitzkrieg". Shirer reported on the invasion of Denmark and Norway in April from Berlin and then on the invasion of the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France in May. As German armies closed in on Paris, he traveled to France with the German forces. Shirer reported the signing of the German armistice with France on June 22, 1940, to the American people before it had been announced by the Germans. His commentary from Compiègne was hailed as a masterpiece. On the day before the armistice was to be signed, Hitler ordered all foreign correspondents covering the German Army from Paris to move back to Berlin. It was Hitler's intention that .... Discover the William L Shirer popular books. Find the top 100 most popular William L Shirer books.

Best Seller William L Shirer Books of May 2022

Berlin Diary book summary, reviews and downlod

Berlin Diary

4.5/5$11.99

The author of the international bestseller The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich offers a personal account of life in Nazi Germany at the start of WWII.   By th...

Gandhi book summary, reviews and downlod

Gandhi

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Recalling his friendship and conversations with the late Indian leader, William Shirer presents a portrait of Gandhi that spotlights his frailties as well as his accomplishments.

Auge y caída del Tercer Reich Volumen II book summary, reviews and downlod

Auge y caída del Tercer Reich Volumen II

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Ésta es la historia brutalmente objetiva, de cómo Hitler logró el control político de Alemania, y llevó a cabo su plan de dominar el mundo en seis años, para finalmente ver a Alemania ...

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler book summary, reviews and downlod

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler

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A concise and timely account of Hitler’s—and fascism’s—rise to power and ultimate defeat, from one of America’s most famous journalists.   American journali...

A Native's Return, 1945–1988 book summary, reviews and downlod

A Native's Return, 1945–1988

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The prominent journalist, historian, and author—an eyewitness to some of the most pivotal events of the twentieth century—tells the story of his final years.   In...

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Fim do Diario de Berlim

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Sempre que pelos séculos a fora se quiser escrever a história tormentosa dos dias entre as duas grandes guerras do século que foram terminar com a derrota da Alemanha Nazista e dos japone...

Auge y caída del Tercer Reich, volumen I book summary, reviews and downlod

Auge y caída del Tercer Reich, volumen I

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Ésta es la historia brutalmente objetiva, de cómo Hitler logró el control político de Alemania, y llevó a cabo su plan de dominar el mundo en seis años, para finalmente ver a Alemania ...

Storia del Terzo Reich (2 voll.) book summary, reviews and downlod

Storia del Terzo Reich (2 voll.)

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«La Storia del Terzo Reich dà il senso dell'intelligenza politica di Shirer, della sua capacità di osservare i luoghi, le persone, gli eventi senza perdere mai di vista l'orientame...

The Collapse of the Third Republic book summary, reviews and downlod

The Collapse of the Third Republic

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The National Book Award–winning historian’s “vivid and moving” eyewitness account of the fall of France to Hitler’s Third Reich at the outset of WWII (The New York Times)...

The Start, 1904–1930 book summary, reviews and downlod

The Start, 1904–1930

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The former CBS foreign correspondent provides an invaluable look back at his life—and the events that forged the twentieth century.   A renowned journalist and auth...

Diario de Berlín. 1936-1941 book summary, reviews and downlod

Diario de Berlín. 1936-1941

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Diario de Berlín es un clásico, la mejor crónica de la Europa de entreguerras, un libro que sigue siendo de lectura obligada para conocer el período más oscuro y fasc...

Collapse of the Third Republic book summary, reviews and downlod

Collapse of the Third Republic

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On June 17, 1940 William L. Shirer stood in the streets of Paris and watched the unending flow of gray German uniforms along its boulevards. In just six lovely weeks in the spring and summer...

Regreso a Berlín. 1945-1947 book summary, reviews and downlod

Regreso a Berlín. 1945-1947

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Regreso a Berlín completa el relato de la Segunda Guerra mundial iniciado por Shirer en Diario de Berlín, interrumpido en 1941.Una...

End of a Berlin Diary book summary, reviews and downlod

End of a Berlin Diary

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“A vivid and unforgettable word picture of the destruction of Nazi Germany” (The New York Times).   A radio broadcaster and journalist for Edward R. M...

Powstanie i upadek III Rzeszy. Tom III: Hitler i koniec III Rzeszy book summary, reviews and downlod

Powstanie i upadek III Rzeszy. Tom III: Hitler i koniec III Rzeszy

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Ta wyczerpująca kronika drogi Hitlera do władzy, nagrodzona National Book Award, jest nazywana „jednym z najważniejszych dzieł historycznych naszych czasów” (The New York Times...

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The Sinking of the Bismarck

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The famous war correspondent delivers an edge-of-your seat account of the naval chase and battle to take out one of Hitler’s most powerful warships.   The Bisma...

Powstanie i upadek III Rzeszy. Tom II: Hitler i droga do wojny book summary, reviews and downlod

Powstanie i upadek III Rzeszy. Tom II: Hitler i droga do wojny

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Ta wyczerpująca kronika drogi Hitlera do władzy, nagrodzona National Book Award, jest nazywana „jednym z najważniejszych dzieł historycznych naszych czasów” (The New York Times)....

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich book summary, reviews and downlod

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

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National Book Award Winner: The definitive account of Nazi Germany and “one of the most important works of history of our time” (The New York Times).   Whe...

"This Is Berlin" book summary, reviews and downlod

"This Is Berlin"

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The legendary CBS news journalist’s selection of iconic World War II radio broadcasts from countries throughout Europe.   William L. Shirer was the first journalist...

Twentieth Century Journey William L. Shirer 2 Book set: The Nightmare Years, 1930–1940; A Native's Return, 1945–1988 book summary, reviews and downlod

Twentieth Century Journey William L. Shirer 2 Book set: The Nightmare Years, 1930–1940; A Native's Return, 1945–1988

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Now in one volume: the three-part autobiography from the National Book Award–winning author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. The former CBS foreign correspondent and hi...

The Nightmare Years, 1930–1940 book summary, reviews and downlod

The Nightmare Years, 1930–1940

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The famous journalist and author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich documents his front row seat at the pivotal events leading up to World War II.   In t...

William L. Shirer: Twentieth Century Journey book summary, reviews and downlod

William L. Shirer: Twentieth Century Journey

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Now in one volume: the three-part autobiography from the National Book Award–winning author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.   The former CBS foreign...

Berlin Diary book summary, reviews and downlod

Berlin Diary

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By the acclaimed journalist and bestselling author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, this day-by-day, eyewitness account of the momentous events leading up to World War II in Europe i...

The Nightmare Years, 1930-1940 book summary, reviews and downlod

The Nightmare Years, 1930-1940

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Journalist and author William Shirer was a witness to many of the pivotal events leading up to World War II. In the second of a three-volume series, Shirer tells the story of his own eventfu...

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany book summary, reviews and downlod

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany

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Hitler boasted that The Third Reich would last a thousand years. It lasted only 12. But those 12 years contained some of the most catastrophic events Western civilization has ever known. In ...

Best Seller William L Shirer Audio Books of May 2022

The Collapse of the Third Republic: An Inquiry into the Fall of France in 1940 MP3 Audiobook

The Collapse of the Third Republic: An Inquiry into the Fall of France in 1940

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As an international war correspondent and radio commentator, William L. Shirer didn't just research the fall of France. He was there. In just six weeks, he watched the Third Reich topple one...

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany MP3 Audiobook

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany

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Since its publication in 1960, William L. Shirer’s monumental study of Hitler’s German empire has been widely acclaimed as the definitive record of the twentieth century’s blackest hou...

The Start: 1904-1930 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

The Start: 1904-1930 (Unabridged)

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William L. Shirer was a CBS foreign correspondent and renowned author of New York Times best-selling nonfiction about World War II, and this is the first part of his three-part autobi...

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Sterling Point Books: The Sinking of the Bismarck: The Deadly Hunt (Unabridged)

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The Bismark was the greatest warship ever built, with guns so powerful and accurate it could destroy an enemy ship while safely staying outside the line of fire. But the Allies had t...

End of a Berlin Diary MP3 Audiobook

End of a Berlin Diary

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A radio broadcaster and journalist for Edward R. Murrow at CBS, William L. Shirer was new to the world of broadcast journalism when he began keeping a diary while on assignment in Europe dur...

Gandhi: A Memoir MP3 Audiobook

Gandhi: A Memoir

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At the beginning of the 1930s, historian William L. Shirer was sent to India by the Chicago Tribune to cover the rise of the Independence Movement. During this time Shirer was privileged to ...

The Start,1904–1930: Twentieth Century Journey, Book 1 MP3 Audiobook

The Start,1904–1930: Twentieth Century Journey, Book 1

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William L. Shirer was a CBS foreign correspondent and renowned author of New York Times bestselling nonfiction about World War II, and this is the first part of his three-part autobio...

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler MP3 Audiobook

The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler

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American journalist and author William L. Shirer was a war correspondent for six years in Nazi Germany, having a front-row seat to Hitler’s rise in influence and power. His most definitive...

The Nightmare Years: 1930-1940 MP3 Audiobook

The Nightmare Years: 1930-1940

Biographies & Memoirs$22.99

The famous journalist and author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich documents his front-row seat at the pivotal events leading up to World War II.In the second of a three-vo...

Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1934-1941 MP3 Audiobook

Berlin Diary: The Journal of a Foreign Correspondent, 1934-1941

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By the acclaimed journalist and bestselling author of The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, this day-by-day, eyewitness account of the momentous events leading up to World War II in Europe i...

A Native’s Return, 1945–1988 MP3 Audiobook

A Native’s Return, 1945–1988

Biographies & Memoirs$22.99

The prominent journalist, historian, and author—an eyewitness to some of the most pivotal events of the twentieth century—tells the story of his final years.In this last book...

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