Who is Camilla Chafer?

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Camilla Chafer Biography & Facts

Pope Sixtus V (13 December 1521 – 27 August 1590), born Felice Piergentile, was head of the Catholic Church from 24 April 1585 to his death. As a youth, he joined the Franciscan order, where he displayed talents as a scholar and preacher, and enjoyed the patronage of Pius V, who made him a cardinal. As a cardinal, he was known as Cardinal Montalto. As Pope, he energetically rooted out corruption and lawlessness across Rome, and launched a far-sighted rebuilding programme that continues to provoke controversy, as it involved the destruction of antiquities. The cost of these works was met by heavy taxation that caused much suffering. His foreign policy was regarded as over-ambitious, and he excommunicated both Queen Elizabeth I of England and King Henry IV of France. He is recognized as a significant figure of the Counter-Reformation. Early life Felice Piergentile was born on 13 December 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Francesco Piergentile (also known as Peretto di Montalto, from the city of origin Montalto delle Marche), and Mariana da Frontillo. His father had taken refuge in Grottammare to escape the oppression of the Duke of Urbino, finding there a job as a gardener. Felice later adopted Peretti as his family name in 1551, and as a cardinal was known as "Cardinal Montalto" (to reflect his affection to his homeland). Franciscan At the age of 9 years old, Felice came back in Montalto to join his uncle in the Franciscan Convent of San Francesco delle Fratte. At the age of 12 he was initiated as a novice of the Franciscan Order, assuming the name of Fra Felice (Friar Felix) in 1535, maintaining his birth name. From this year, he started philosophical and theological studies, moving between different convents of the Order. He finally completed his studies in the Franciscan Magna Domus of Bologna on September 1544. He had three years earlier already been ordained as a deacon. About 1552 he was noticed by Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Protector of the Franciscan order, Cardinal Ghislieri (later Pope Pius V) and Cardinal Caraffa (later Pope Paul IV), and from that time his advancement was assured. He was sent to Venice as inquisitor general of the Venetian Holy Inquisition, but was so severe and conducted matters in such a high-handed manner that he became embroiled in quarrels. In 1560, the Venetian government asked for his recall. After a brief term as procurator of his order, he was attached in 1565 to the papal legation to Spain headed by Cardinal Ugo Boncampagni (later Pope Gregory XIII) which was sent to investigate a charge of heresy levelled against Bartolomé Carranza, Archbishop of Toledo. The violent dislike which Peretti conceived for Boncampagni had a marked influence upon his subsequent actions. He hurried back to Rome upon the accession of Pius V, who made him apostolic vicar of his order, and, later (1570), cardinal. Cardinal During the pontificate of his political enemy Gregory XIII (1572–1585), Cardinal Montalto, as he was generally called, lived in enforced retirement, occupied with the care of his property, the Villa Montalto, erected by Domenico Fontana close to the cardinal's beloved church on the Esquiline Hill, overlooking the ancient Baths of Diocletian. The first phase (1576–1580) of building was enlarged after Peretti became pope and was able to clear buildings to open four new streets in 1585–86. The villa contained two residences, the Palazzo Sistino or "Palazzo di Termini" and the casino, called the Palazzetto Montalto e Felice. This clearance programme was an undoubted gain in the relief it brought to the congestion of the crowded medieval city. Clearly, however, Romans displaced by it were furious, and resentment was still felt centuries later, until the decision was taken to build the central railroad station, inaugurated by Pope Pius IX in 1863, the chosen site being the area of the Villa, which became doomed to destruction. Cardinal Montalto's other occupation at this period was with his studies, one of the fruits of which was an edition of the works of Ambrose. As pope he would personally supervise the printing of an improved edition of Jerome's Vulgate. Papacy Election as pope Though not neglecting to follow the course of affairs, Felice carefully avoided every occasion of offence. This discretion contributed not a little to his election to the papacy on 24 April 1585, with the title of Sixtus V. One of the things that commended his candidacy to certain cardinals may have been his physical vigour, which seemed to promise a long pontificate.The terrible condition in which Pope Gregory XIII had left the ecclesiastical states called for prompt and stern measures. Sixtus proceeded with an almost ferocious severity against the prevailing lawlessness. Thousands of brigands were brought to justice: within a short time the country was again quiet and safe. It was claimed that there were more heads on spikes across the Ponte Sant'Angelo than melons for sale in the marketplace. And clergy and nuns were executed if they broke their vows of chastity.Next Sixtus set to work to repair the finances. By the sale of offices, the establishment of new "Monti" and by levying new taxes, he accumulated a vast surplus, which he stored up against certain specified emergencies, such as a crusade or the defence of the Holy See. Sixtus prided himself upon his hoard, but the method by which it had been amassed was financially unsound: some of the taxes proved ruinous, and the withdrawal of so much money from circulation could not fail to cause distress.Immense sums were spent upon public works, in carrying through the comprehensive planning that had come to fruition during his retirement, bringing water to the waterless hills in the Acqua Felice, feeding twenty-seven new fountains; laying out new arteries in Rome, which connected the great basilicas, even setting his engineer-architect Domenico Fontana to replan the Colosseum as a silk-spinning factory housing its workers. Inspired by the ideal of the Renaissance city, Pope Sixtus V's ambitious urban reform programme transformed the old environment to emulate the "long straight streets, wide regular spaces, uniformity and repetitiveness of structures, lavish use of commemorative and ornamental elements, and maximum visibility from both linear and circular perspective." The Pope set no limit to his plans, and achieved much in his short pontificate, always carried through at top speed: the completion of the dome of St. Peter's; the loggia of Sixtus in the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano; the chapel of the Praesepe in Santa Maria Maggiore; additions or repairs to the Quirinal, Lateran and Vatican palaces; the erection of four obelisks, including that in Saint Peter's Square; the opening of six streets; the restoration of the aqueduct of Septimius Severus ("Acqua Felice"); the integration of the Leonine City in Rome as XIV rione (Borgo).Besides numerous roads and bridges, he sweetene.... Discover the Camilla Chafer popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Camilla Chafer books.

Best Seller Camilla Chafer Books of September 2021

Laugh or Death (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 6) book summary, reviews and downlod

Laugh or Death (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 6)

4.5/5$3.99

When a broken man arrives in town desperate to locate his missing girlfriend, loved-up PI Lexi Graves is determined to reunite the lost loves. However, the further Lexi delves into the case,...

Command Indecision (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 3) book summary, reviews and downlod

Command Indecision (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 3)

4.5/5$3.99

A young woman is dead. The main suspect is in custody. And Private Investigator, Lexi Graves is on the warpath.Lexi finally feels like her life is on track. With a great job that is ma...

Kissing in Action (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 7) book summary, reviews and downlod

Kissing in Action (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 7)

4.5/5$3.99

When Lexi gets the gig to find the blackmailer extorting thousands of dollars from the country’s hottest girl band, it’s a dream come true. However, rubbing shoulders with the rich and f...

Rules of Engagement (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 11) book summary, reviews and downlod

Rules of Engagement (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 11)

4.5/5$4.99

From USA Today bestselling author Camilla Chafer...When her fiancé is shot in an apparent assassination attempt, private investigator Lexi Graves’ world is thrown into chaos a...

Dead Ringers book summary, reviews and downlod

Dead Ringers

4/5$3.99

From the bestselling world of the Lexi Graves Mysteries...When obituaries and entertainment reporter, Shayne Winter overhears a passing comment about a vanished woman, her intere...

Murder at Blackberry Inn book summary, reviews and downlod

Murder at Blackberry Inn

4.5/5$3.99

Welcome to Calendar where life is sweet, but death is murder.Vanessa Wright never planned to return home to Calendar. But her relationship ends, her job disappears, and she sudde...

Illicit Magic (Book 1, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Illicit Magic (Book 1, Stella Mayweather Series)

4.5/5Free

From a USA Today bestselling author:More than three hundred years after the most terrifying witch hunts the world has ever known, it's happening again.When an attack ...

In the Line of Ire (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 13) book summary, reviews and downlod

In the Line of Ire (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 13)

4.5/5$4.99

When Private Investigator Lexi Graves receives an expensive bag from her new husband, she’s delighted… for all of five seconds. That’s exactly how long it takes her to realize it’s a...

Murder by the Book book summary, reviews and downlod

Murder by the Book

4.5/5$3.99

Welcome to Calendar where life is sweet, but death is murder.Ava March has a big secret. The ultra-reclusive author behind the sensational Miranda Marchmont romantic novels has d...

Unruly Magic (Book 2, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Unruly Magic (Book 2, Stella Mayweather Series)

4.5/5$3.99

From a USA Today bestselling author:A witch on the run.A quiet little town where everything is far from normal.A fractured witch council threatening to tear the super...

Weapons of Mass Distraction (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 5) book summary, reviews and downlod

Weapons of Mass Distraction (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 5)

4.5/5$3.99

When a client drops dead during Lexi’s spin class, she’s not too surprised. After all, it’s a tough class. But within days, another death occurs, this time, on the treadmill. Then, whe...

A Few Good Women (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 9) book summary, reviews and downlod

A Few Good Women (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 9)

4.5/5$3.99

Private investigator Lexi Graves is on cloud nine. She's just got engaged to her boyfriend-slash-boss Solomon, got her old job back, and her best friend is about to give birth to a baby. Not...

Murder in the Library book summary, reviews and downlod

Murder in the Library

4.5/5$3.99

Welcome to Calendar where life is sweet, but death is murder.Sara Cutler loves her job as head librarian of the public library, an integral part of the historic heart of the pict...

Very Special Forces (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 12) book summary, reviews and downlod

Very Special Forces (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 12)

4.5/5$4.99

Private Investigator Lexi Graves couldn’t be happier. All she has left to do is wrap up a case between a fighting married couple before she can focus solely on adding the finishing touches...

Dead to the World book summary, reviews and downlod

Dead to the World

4.5/5$3.99

The sequel to Deadlines…Chief reporter turned reluctant entertainment columnist, Shayne Winter, is hungry for a hard-hitting headline. All she has to do is convince her grouchy...

Devious Magic (Book 3, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Devious Magic (Book 3, Stella Mayweather Series)

4.5/5$3.99

From a USA Today bestselling author:Witch hunters who will stop at nothing.A deadly foe who wants to harness witches’ power.A secret supernatural world that is in d...

Shock and Awesome (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 4) book summary, reviews and downlod

Shock and Awesome (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 4)

4.5/5$3.99

When a thief who preys on the super rich women of a high-end dating website turns up in Montgomery, it’s up to Private Investigator, Lexi Graves, to lure him out before he goes to ground. ...

Endless Magic (Book 6, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Endless Magic (Book 6, Stella Mayweather Series)

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From a USA Today bestselling author:When Stella awakens, the last thing she remembers is being kidnapped by The Brotherhood. Robbed of her magic and memories, she struggles to di...

Lexi Graves Mysteries Omnibus Volume Two book summary, reviews and downlod

Lexi Graves Mysteries Omnibus Volume Two

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Lexi Graves Mysteries Volume Two comprises books three to six in the series: Shock and Awesome, Weapons of Mass Distraction, and Laugh or Death.Shock & Awesome (Book 4)...

Who Glares Wins (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 2) book summary, reviews and downlod

Who Glares Wins (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 2)

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Only a few weeks into her new job as a private investigator, Lexi Graves thinks she may have bitten off more than she can chew with her first solo cases.In between going undercov...

Ready, Aim, Under Fire (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 10) book summary, reviews and downlod

Ready, Aim, Under Fire (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 10)

4.5/5$3.99

When Private Investigator Lexi Graves’ police lieutenant brother, Garrett, asks her for help on a missing persons cold case he’s been instructed to close, she’s happy to poke around. A...

Trigger Snappy (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 8) book summary, reviews and downlod

Trigger Snappy (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 8)

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When private investigator, Lexi Graves, quit her job, she never thought working freelance would be so hard. Struggling to make a name for herself as a solo investigator, she’s intrigued wh...

Stella Mayweather Collection, Books 1-3 book summary, reviews and downlod

Stella Mayweather Collection, Books 1-3

4.5/5$6.99

When Stella Mayweather is rescued from a terrifying witch hunt, little does she know her life will be changed forever...This volume includes:Illicit Magic, Book 1

Curated Murder book summary, reviews and downlod

Curated Murder

4.5/5$3.99

Tess Hernandez knew her promotion to manager of Calendar’s Town Museum was in the bag… right up until the moment the board appointed one of their member’s spoiled nephew, Lance, the po...

Mission: Possible book summary, reviews and downlod

Mission: Possible

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Lexi Graves is back...After PI Lexi Graves is approached to investigate an accident which has left the homeowner, Sophie Takahashi, in a coma, she quickly realizes the case isn't...

Magic Rising (Book 4, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Magic Rising (Book 4, Stella Mayweather Series)

4.5/5$3.99

From a USA Today bestselling author:For Stella, the Witches’ Council Summit is supposed to be a chance to learn more about her fellow witches but instead of networking, she fin...

Arcane Magic (Book 5, Stella Mayweather Series) book summary, reviews and downlod

Arcane Magic (Book 5, Stella Mayweather Series)

4.5/5$3.99

From a USA Today bestselling author, the penultimate book in the Stella Mayweather urban fantasy series...All is well in Stella’s world. For the first time in a very long time ...

Poison Rose Murder book summary, reviews and downlod

Poison Rose Murder

4/5$3.99

Welcome to Calendar where life is sweet, but death is murder.Ally McKellar loves owning and running her own restaurant, Belle Rose. After working in a busy New York restaurant, m...

Lexi Graves Mysteries Omnibus Volume One book summary, reviews and downlod

Lexi Graves Mysteries Omnibus Volume One

4.5/5$7.99

The first three exciting novels in the Lexi Graves Mysteries now available in omnibus edition. Includes:Armed & FabulousAll Lexi wants to do is get through the da...

Deadlines book summary, reviews and downlod

Deadlines

4.5/5$3.99

A brand new mystery from the world of Lexi Graves featuring a character you've met before...Shayne Winter thinks she has everything she ever wanted: a job as chief reporter at th...

Armed and Fabulous (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 1) book summary, reviews and downlod

Armed and Fabulous (Lexi Graves Mysteries, 1)

4.5/5Free

All Lexi wants to do is get through the day at her boring temp job with Green Hand Insurance. That’s until she discovers the vice president, Martin Dean, in a pool of blood and herself at ...

Best Seller Camilla Chafer Audio Books of September 2021

Armed and Fabulous MP3 Audiobook

Armed and Fabulous

Mysteries & Thrillers$14.99

All Lexi wants to do is get through the day at her boring temp job with Green Hand Insurance. That's until she discovers the vice president, Martin Dean, in a pool of blood and herself at th...

Command Indecision MP3 Audiobook

Command Indecision

Mysteries & Thrillers$12.99

A young woman is dead. The main suspect is in custody. And Private Investigator Lexi Graves is on the warpath.Lexi finally feels like her life is on track. With a great job that ...

Weapons of Mass Distraction MP3 Audiobook

Weapons of Mass Distraction

Mysteries & Thrillers$16.99

When a client drops dead during Lexi's spin class, she's not too surprised. After all, it's a tough class. But within days, another death occurs, this time, on the treadmill. Then, when her ...

Who Glares Wins MP3 Audiobook

Who Glares Wins

Mysteries & Thrillers$14.99

Only a few weeks into her new job as a private investigator, Lexi Graves thinks she may have bitten off more than she can chew with her first solo cases.In between going undercov...

Shock and Awesome MP3 Audiobook

Shock and Awesome

Mysteries & Thrillers$14.99

When a thief who preys on the super rich women of a high-end dating website turns up in Montgomery, it's up to Private Investigator Lexi Graves to lure him out before he goes to ground. T...

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