Who is Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche?

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Popular Books

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Biography & Facts

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] (listen) or [ˈniːtsʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic and philologist whose work has exerted a profound influence on modern intellectual history. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the age of 24. Nietzsche resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing in the following decade. In 1889, at age 45, he suffered a collapse and afterward a complete loss of his mental faculties. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother until her death in 1897 and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche. Nietzsche died in 1900. Nietzsche's writing spans philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism, and fiction while displaying a fondness for aphorism and irony. Prominent elements of his philosophy include his radical critique of truth in favor of perspectivism; a genealogical critique of religion and Christian morality and related theory of master–slave morality; the aesthetic affirmation of life in response to both the "death of God" and the profound crisis of nihilism; the notion of Apollonian and Dionysian forces; and a characterization of the human subject as the expression of competing wills, collectively understood as the will to power. He also developed influential concepts such as the Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return. In his later work, he became increasingly preoccupied with the creative powers of the individual to overcome cultural and moral mores in pursuit of new values and aesthetic health. His body of work touched a wide range of topics, including art, philology, history, music, religion, tragedy, culture, and science, and drew inspiration from figures such as Socrates, Zoroaster, Arthur Schopenhauer, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Wagner and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After his death, his sister Elisabeth became the curator and editor of Nietzsche's manuscripts. She edited his unpublished writings to fit her German ultranationalist ideology while often contradicting or obfuscating Nietzsche's stated opinions, which were explicitly opposed to antisemitism and nationalism. Through her published editions, Nietzsche's work became associated with fascism and Nazism; most 20th-century scholars contested this interpretation, and corrected editions of his writings were soon made available. Nietzsche's thought enjoyed renewed popularity in the 1960s and his ideas have since had a profound impact on 20th and early-21st century thinkers across philosophy—especially in schools of continental philosophy such as existentialism, postmodernism and post-structuralism—as well as art, literature, poetry, politics, and popular culture. Life Youth (1844–1868) Born on 15 October 1844, Nietzsche grew up in the town of Röcken (now part of Lützen), near Leipzig, in the Prussian Province of Saxony. He was named after King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, who turned 49 on the day of Nietzsche's birth (Nietzsche later dropped his middle name Wilhelm). Nietzsche's parents, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche (1813–1849), a Lutheran pastor and former teacher; and Franziska Nietzsche (née Oehler) (1826–1897), married in 1843, the year before their son's birth. They had two other children: a daughter, Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, born in 1846; and a second son, Ludwig Joseph, born in 1848. Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in 1849; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two. The family then moved to Naumburg, where they lived with Nietzsche's maternal grandmother and his father's two unmarried sisters. After the death of Nietzsche's grandmother in 1856, the family moved into their own house, now Nietzsche-Haus, a museum and Nietzsche study center. Nietzsche attended a boys' school and then a private school, where he became friends with Gustav Krug and Wilhelm Pinder, all three of whom came from highly respected families. Academic records from one of the schools attended by Nietzsche noted that he excelled in Christian theology.In 1854, he began to attend Domgymnasium in Naumburg. Because his father had worked for the state (as a pastor) the now-fatherless Nietzsche was offered a scholarship to study at the internationally recognized Schulpforta (the claim that Nietzsche was admitted on the strength of his academic competence has been debunked: his grades were not near the top of the class). He studied there from 1858 to 1864, becoming friends with Paul Deussen and Carl von Gersdorff. He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions. Nietzsche led "Germania", a music and literature club, during his summers in Naumburg. At Schulpforta, Nietzsche received an important grounding in languages—Greek, Latin, Hebrew, and French—so as to be able to read important primary sources; he also experienced for the first time being away from his family life in a small-town conservative environment. His end-of-semester exams in March 1864 showed a 1 in Religion and German; a 2a in Greek and Latin; a 2b in French, History, and Physics; and a "lackluster" 3 in Hebrew and Mathematics.Nietzsche was an amateur composer. He composed several works for voice, piano, and violin beginning in 1858 at the Schulpforta in Naumburg when he started to work on musical compositions. Richard Wagner was dismissive of Nietzsche's music, allegedly mocking a birthday gift of a piano composition sent by Nietzsche in 1871 to his wife Cosima. German conductor and pianist Hans von Bülow also described another of Nietzsche's pieces as "the most undelightful and the most antimusical draft on musical paper that I have faced in a long time".While at Schulpforta, Nietzsche pursued subjects that were considered unbecoming. He became acquainted with the work of the then almost-unknown poet Friedrich Hölderlin, calling him "my favorite poet" and writing an essay in which he said that the mad poet raised consciousness to "the most sublime ideality". The teacher who corrected the essay gave it a good mark but commented that Nietzsche should concern himself in the future with healthier, more lucid, and more "German" writers. Additionally, he became acquainted with Ernst Ortlepp, an eccentric, blasphemous, and often drunken poet who was found dead in a ditch weeks after meeting the young Nietzsche but who may have introduced Nietzsche to the music and writing of Richard Wagner. Perhaps under Ortlepp's influence, he and a student named Richter returned to school drunk and encountered a teacher, resulting in Nietzsche's demotion from first in his class and the end of his status as a prefect. After graduation in September 1864, Nietzsche began studying theology and classical philology at the University of Bonn in the hope of becomi.... Discover the Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche books.

Best Seller Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Books of December 2021

Beyond Good and Evil book summary, reviews and downlod

Beyond Good and Evil

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Beyond Good and Evil is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. It takes up and expands on the ideas of his previous work, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, but approached from a more critical,...

Der tolle Mensch book summary, reviews and downlod

Der tolle Mensch

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“Der tolle Mensch” ist der Aphorismus 125 aus dem dritten Buch der “Fröhlichen Wissenschaft” und befaßt sich mit dem Thema “Gott ist tot”. Der stilistisch dichte Aphorismus ent...

Umano troppo umano, Così parlò Zarathustra, Al di là del bene e del male, Crepuscolo degli idoli, L’Anticristo e Ecce Homo book summary, reviews and downlod

Umano troppo umano, Così parlò Zarathustra, Al di là del bene e del male, Crepuscolo degli idoli, L’Anticristo e Ecce Homo

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Introduzione generale di Fabrizio DesideriEdizioni integrali«Quando Zarathustra ebbe trent’anni, abbandonò il suo paese e il lago del suo paese e andò sulla montagna. ...

Homer and Classical Philology book summary, reviews and downlod

Homer and Classical Philology

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In this book Hellenism is looked upon as a superseded and hence very insignificant point of view by the author.

The Antichrist book summary, reviews and downlod

The Antichrist

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Friedrich Nietzsche's "The Antichrist" might be more aptly named "The Antichristian," for it is an unmitigated attack on Christianity that Nietzsche makes within the text instead of an expos...

De Mi Vida: Escritos Autobiográficos de Juventud (1856 - 1869) book summary, reviews and downlod

De Mi Vida: Escritos Autobiográficos de Juventud (1856 - 1869)

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Hoy, «primer día de fiesta». Es el día más hermoso del año. Si en la Nochebuena nos alegramos más bienpor los regalos, es hoy cuando más se disfruta de ellos. Esta mañana lleg...

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches book summary, reviews and downlod

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches

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Diese Aphorismensammlung beinhaltet sowohl die von Nietzsche selber herausgegebenen Aphorismen unter dem Titel "Menschliches, Allzumenschliches" wie auch die von seiner Schwester nach seinem...

On the Future of our Educational Institutions book summary, reviews and downlod

On the Future of our Educational Institutions

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On the Future of Our Educational Institutions, the work that was to have been Nietzsche's second book until he canceled the contract and used portions in his Untimely Meditations, is a subst...

We Philologists book summary, reviews and downlod

We Philologists

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Classic work by the German philologist, philosopher and author who produced many critiques of religion, morality, contemporary culture, and philosophy, centred around what he viewed as a fun...

The Collected Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche book summary, reviews and downlod

The Collected Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

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This comprehensive eBook presents the complete works or all the significant works - the Œuvre - of this famous and brilliant writer in one ebook - easy-to-read and easy-to-navigate: ...

Amo book summary, reviews and downlod

Amo

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Per Nietzsche, il filosofo-profeta, non tutti gli amori sono uguali. Come scrive nello Zarathustra, c’è innanzitutto l’amore per il prossimo, “cattivo” e ipocrita per eccellenza per...

Thus Spake Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra

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Thus Spake Zarathustra is an important philosophical text by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. In it he begins his exploration of morality, questioning the assumption of Christianity o...

Learn German with Bilingual Books book summary, reviews and downlod

Learn German with Bilingual Books

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Sometimes you want to read in German. Sometimes you want to read in English.There’s a great option: bilingual books!Bilingual, or dual-language books, are books in which text a...

The Collected Works of Arthur Schopenhauer book summary, reviews and downlod

The Collected Works of Arthur Schopenhauer

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This comprehensive eBook presents the complete works or all the significant works - the Œuvre - of this famous and brilliant writer in one ebook - 5680 pages easy-to-read and easy-to-naviga...

Human, All Too Human book summary, reviews and downlod

Human, All Too Human

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“Human, All Too Human” is a collection of aphorisms shedding light on human psychology. The nine sections of this book all attempt at re-organizing and challenging some of our most deep-...

Thus Spake Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra

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Thus Spoke Zarathustra (German: Also sprach Zarathustra, sometimes translated Thus Spake Zarathustra), subtitled A Book for All and None (Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen), is a written work by...

Learn French with Bilingual Books book summary, reviews and downlod

Learn French with Bilingual Books

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Sometimes you want to read in French. Sometimes you want to read in English.There’s a great option: bilingual books!Bilingual, or dual-language books, are books in which text a...

The Antichrist book summary, reviews and downlod

The Antichrist

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This book can be considered a further development of some of his ideas concerning Christianity that can be found in Beyond Good and Evil and in The Genealogy of Morals, p...

Die Geburt der Tragödie book summary, reviews and downlod

Die Geburt der Tragödie

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Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik ist ein Buch von Friedrich Nietzsche, das er Anfang 1872 veröffentlichte. Es war das erste bedeutende Werk Nietzsches, mit dem sich der dam...

Thus Spake Zarathustra: A Book for All and None book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra: A Book for All and None

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Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None is a philosophical novel by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, composed in four parts between 1883 and 1885 and published between 1883 an...

Thus Spake Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra

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Instead of memorizing vocabulary words, work your way through an actual well-written novel. Even novices can follow along as each individual English paragraph is paired with the correspondin...

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches book summary, reviews and downlod

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches

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Wer Neues schaffen will, muss Altes zerstören. Nach diesem Credo verfährt Nietzsche in Menschliches, Allzumenschliches. Das Buch markiert den Beginn seiner Philosophie des Vormittags", die...

Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra

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Ce n’est pas une petite chose que de savoir dormir : il faut savoir veiller tout le jour pour pouvoir bien dormir. Dix fois dans la journée il faut que tu te surmontes toi-même : c’est...

O Anticristo book summary, reviews and downlod

O Anticristo

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O Anticristo é um livro do autor alemão Friedrich Nietzsche, escrito em 1888 e publicado em 1895. É considerado uma das mais ácidas críticas de Nietzsche ao cristianismo, célebre pela ...

Gesammelte Werke Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsches book summary, reviews and downlod

Gesammelte Werke Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsches

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Diese Sammlung der Werke von Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, des weltbekannten deutschen Philologen und Philosophen enthält u. a.:Unzeitgemäße BetrachtungenZur Genealogie d...

Beyond Good and Evil book summary, reviews and downlod

Beyond Good and Evil

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SUPPOSING that Truth is a woman—what then? Is there not ground for suspecting that all philosophers, in so far as they have been dogmatists, have failed to understand women—that the terr...

Más allá del bien y del mal book summary, reviews and downlod

Más allá del bien y del mal

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Más allá del bien y del mal representa una obra de la plena y más lúcida madurez intelectual de Friedrich Nietzsche, así como una de las cumbres más altas de la filosofía de su tiempo...

Also Sprach Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Also Sprach Zarathustra

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Das Buch besteht aus vier Teilen. Der erste Teil erschien 1883, der zweite und dritte 1884, der vierte 1885 als Privatdruck. 1886 veröffentlichte Nietzsche die drei ersten Teile als „Also...

Beyond Good and Evil book summary, reviews and downlod

Beyond Good and Evil

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Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche is a philosophical work. Nietzsche accuses past philosophers of lacking critical sense and blindly accepting dogmatic premises in their con...

Così parlò Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Così parlò Zarathustra

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Introduzione di Ferruccio MasiniTraduzione di Anna Maria CarpiEdizione integraleZarathustra è un mito grandioso, in cui Nietzsche proietta, in un continuo alternarsi...

Thoughts out of Season Part I book summary, reviews and downlod

Thoughts out of Season Part I

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A corpse is a pleasant thought for a worm, and a worm is a dreadful thought for every living creature. Worms fancy their kingdom of heaven in a fat body; professors of philosophy seek theirs...

Also sprach Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Also sprach Zarathustra

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Da aber geschah Etwas, das jeden Mund stumm und jedes Auge starr machte. Inzwischen nämlich hatte der Seiltänzer sein Werk begonnen: er war aus einer kleiner Thür hinausgetreten und gieng...

Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks book summary, reviews and downlod

Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks

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For Nietzsche, the Age of Greek Tragedy was indeed a tragic age. He saw in it the rise and climax of values so dear to him that their subsequent drop into catastrophe (in the person of Socra...

The Antichrist book summary, reviews and downlod

The Antichrist

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Save for his raucous, rhapsodical autobiography, "Ecce Homo,""The Antichrist" is the last thing that Nietzsche ever wrote, and so it may be accepted as a statement of some of his mos...

The Genealogy of Morals book summary, reviews and downlod

The Genealogy of Morals

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A philosophical work by the famous German philosopher; scholar; philologist; poet and cultural critic Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche; 'The Genealogy of Morals' was first published in the yea...

Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche book summary, reviews and downlod

Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

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This collection was designed for optimal navigation on iPad and other electronic devices. All books included in this collection feature a hyperlinked table of contents and footnotes. The c...

Thus Spake Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra

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This is a classical philosophical novel by Nietzsche. The work mainly deals with the notion of “superman”, death of god and “eternal recurrence of the same”. Most of the ideas of Nie...

Jenseits von Gut und Böse book summary, reviews and downlod

Jenseits von Gut und Böse

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Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft ist ein Werk Friedrich Nietzsches, das im Jahr 1886 erschien und auf eine Kritik überkommener Moralvorstellungen zielt. Da...

The Case of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms. book summary, reviews and downlod

The Case of Wagner, Nietzsche Contra Wagner, and Selected Aphorisms.

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In reading these two essays we are apt to be deceived, by their virulent and forcible tone, into believing that the whole matter is a mere cover for hidden fire, —a mere blind of æsthetic...

Thus Spake Zarathustra: A Book for All and None book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra: A Book for All and None

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Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None (German: Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, also translated as Thus Spake Zarathustra) is a philosophical novel by German...

Ecce Homo book summary, reviews and downlod

Ecce Homo

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In Voraussicht, dass ich über Kurzem mit der schwersten Forderung andie Menschheit herantreten muss, die je an sie gestellt wurde, scheintes mir unerlässlich, zu sagen, wer ich...

Humano, Demasiado Humano - Volume I book summary, reviews and downlod

Humano, Demasiado Humano - Volume I

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Publicado em 1878, Humano, demasiado humano marcou o afastamento de Nietzsche em relação ao romantismo de Wagner e ao pessimismo de Schopenhauer.  Influenciado pelos moral...

O Anticristo book summary, reviews and downlod

O Anticristo

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O Anticristo (em alemão: Der Antichrist) é um livro do autor alemão Friedrich Nietzsche, escrito em 1888 e publicado em 1895. É considerado uma das mais ácidas críticas de Nietzsche ao...

Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

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Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra est une oeuvre philosophique magistrale. Elle a bouleversé la pensée de l'Occident. "Nietzsche démolit, il sape", disait Gide. Il remet définitivement l'homme ...

Human, All Too Human book summary, reviews and downlod

Human, All Too Human

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In the first book to show off the aphoristic style for which he would become famous, philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche addresses such subjects as the origins of metaphysics and the history of ...

Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist book summary, reviews and downlod

Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist

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In Voraussicht, dass ich über Kurzem mit der schwersten Forderung an die Menschheit herantreten muss, die je an sie gestellt wurde, scheint es mir unerlässlich, zu sagen, wer ich bin. Im G...

Götzen-Dämmerung book summary, reviews and downlod

Götzen-Dämmerung

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Inmitten einer düstern und über die Maassen verantwortlichen Sache seine Heiterkeit aufrecht erhalten ist nichts Kleines von - Kunststück: und doch, was wäre nöthiger als Heiterkeit? Ke...

Die Geburt der Tragoedie book summary, reviews and downlod

Die Geburt der Tragoedie

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Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik ist ein Buch von Friedrich Nietzsche, das er Anfang 1872 veröffentlichte. Es war das erste bedeutende Werk Nietzsches, mit dem sich der dam...

Beyond Good and Evil book summary, reviews and downlod

Beyond Good and Evil

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This work dramatically rejects the tradition of Western thought with its notions of truth and God, good and evil. Nietzsche demonstrates that the Christian world is steeped in a false piety ...

Thus Spake Zarathustra book summary, reviews and downlod

Thus Spake Zarathustra

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19th-century literary and philosophical masterpiece introduces the controversial doctrine of the Ubermensch, or "superman," a term later perverted by Nazi propagandists. A provocative work t...

Best Seller Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Audio Books of December 2021

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches [Humanly, All-to-Humanly]: Ein Buch für Freie Geister [A Book for Free Spirits] (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Menschliches, Allzumenschliches [Humanly, All-to-Humanly]: Ein Buch für Freie Geister [A Book for Free Spirits] (Unabridged)

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Das Buch ist Nietzsches erstes aphoristisches, das seine Schriften dominieren würde. In kurzen, kernigen Aphorismen nimmt Nietzsche Stellung zu Fragen der Moral, der Kunst, und des Lebens.D...

Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra: God Is Dead!: ABSURD's Pure Wisdom Series, Book 2 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Nietzsche's Thus Spoke Zarathustra: God Is Dead!: ABSURD's Pure Wisdom Series, Book 2 (Unabridged)

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ABSURD - a film and literary production house that is passionately committed to creating and appreciating the finest works of art and literature - has now introduced the Pure Wisdom Series t...

The Gospel of Unbelief (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

The Gospel of Unbelief (Unabridged)

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Nietzsche's AntiChrist as published by the MSAC Philosophy Group.

El Anticristo MP3 Audiobook

El Anticristo

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El Anticristo es una obra que trata de desnudar a la religión cristiana desde el análisis de su historia, sus documentos y sus hechos más notorios. Nietzsche hace una crítica poderosa y ...

Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik MP3 Audiobook

Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik

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"Dass ich (...) vom 'deutschen Wesen' zu fabeln begann (...) heute ist es mir ein unmögliches Buch" - so Nietzsche in seinem "Versuch einer Selbstkritik", dem der "Geburt der Tragödie" 14 ...

Così parlò Zarathustra MP3 Audiobook

Così parlò Zarathustra

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Alle soglie della follia, Nietzsche sosterrà di aver fatto all'umanità, con lo "Zarathustra", il più grande dono che essa abbia mai avuto: "Questo libro, una voce che passa sui millenni, ...

Thus Spoke Zarathustra [Russian Edition] (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Thus Spoke Zarathustra [Russian Edition] (Unabridged)

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Nietzsche regarded Thus Spoke Zarathustra as his most important work, and his story of the wandering Zarathustra has had enormous influence on subsequent culture. Nietzsche uses a mix...

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