Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Popular Books

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Biography & Facts

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( NEE-chə, NEE-chee, German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] or [ˈniːtsʃə]; 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, prose poet, cultural critic, philologist, and composer, whose work has exerted a profound influence on contemporary philosophy. He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy. He became the youngest person to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at the age of 24, but resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life; he completed much of his core writing in the following decade. In 1889, at age 44, he suffered a collapse and afterward a complete loss of his mental faculties, with paralysis and probably vascular dementia. He lived his remaining years in the care of his mother until her death in 1897 and then with his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche. Nietzsche died in 1900, after experiencing pneumonia and multiple strokes. Nietzsche's work spans philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism, and fiction while displaying a fondness for aphorism and irony. Prominent elements of his philosophy include his radical critique of truth in favour of perspectivism; a genealogical critique of religion and Christian morality and a related theory of master–slave morality; the aesthetic affirmation of life in response to both the "death of God" and the profound crisis of nihilism; the notion of Apollonian and Dionysian forces; and a characterisation of the human subject as the expression of competing wills, collectively understood as the will to power. He also developed influential concepts such as the Übermensch and his doctrine of eternal return. In his later work, he became increasingly preoccupied with the creative powers of the individual to overcome cultural and moral mores in pursuit of new values and aesthetic health. His body of work touched a wide range of topics, including art, philology, history, music, religion, tragedy, culture, and science, and drew inspiration from Greek tragedy as well as figures such as Zoroaster, Arthur Schopenhauer, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Wagner, and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. After his death, Nietzsche's sister Elisabeth became the curator and editor of his manuscripts. She edited his unpublished writings to fit her German ultranationalist ideology, often contradicting or obfuscating Nietzsche's stated opinions, which were explicitly opposed to antisemitism and nationalism. Through her published editions, Nietzsche's work became associated with fascism and Nazism. 20th-century scholars such as Walter Kaufmann, R. J. Hollingdale, and Georges Bataille defended Nietzsche against this interpretation, and corrected editions of his writings were soon made available. Nietzsche's thought enjoyed renewed popularity in the 1960s and his ideas have since had a profound impact on 20th- and early 21st-century thinkers across philosophy—especially in schools of continental philosophy such as existentialism, postmodernism, and post-structuralism—as well as art, literature, poetry, politics, and popular culture. Life Youth (1844–1868) Born on 15 October 1844, Nietzsche grew up in the town of Röcken (now part of Lützen), near Leipzig, in the Prussian Province of Saxony. He was named after King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, who turned 49 on the day of Nietzsche's birth (Nietzsche later dropped his middle name Wilhelm). Nietzsche's parents, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche (1813–1849), a Lutheran pastor and former teacher; and Franziska Nietzsche (née Oehler) (1826–1897), married in 1843, the year before their son's birth. They had two other children: a daughter, Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, born in 1846; and a second son, Ludwig Joseph, born in 1848. Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in 1849; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two. The family then moved to Naumburg, where they lived with Nietzsche's maternal grandmother and his father's two unmarried sisters. After the death of Nietzsche's grandmother in 1856, the family moved into their own house, now Nietzsche-Haus, a museum and Nietzsche study center. Nietzsche attended a boys' school and then a private school, where he became friends with Gustav Krug and Wilhelm Pinder, all three of whom came from highly respected families. Academic records from one of the schools attended by Nietzsche noted that he excelled in Christian theology.In 1854, he began to attend the Domgymnasium in Naumburg. Because his father had worked for the state (as a pastor) the now-fatherless Nietzsche was offered a scholarship to study at the internationally recognised Schulpforta (the claim that Nietzsche was admitted on the strength of his academic competence has been debunked: his grades were not near the top of the class). He studied there from 1858 to 1864, becoming friends with Paul Deussen and Carl von Gersdorff. He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions. Nietzsche led "Germania", a music and literature club, during his summers in Naumburg. At Schulpforta, Nietzsche received an important grounding in languages—Greek, Latin, Hebrew, and French—so as to be able to read important primary sources; he also experienced for the first time being away from his family life in a small-town conservative environment. His end-of-semester exams in March 1864 showed a 1 in Religion and German; a 2a in Greek and Latin; a 2b in French, History, and Physics; and a "lackluster" 3 in Hebrew and Mathematics.Nietzsche was an amateur composer. He composed several works for voice, piano, and violin beginning in 1858 at the Schulpforta in Naumburg when he started to work on musical compositions. Richard Wagner was dismissive of Nietzsche's music, allegedly mocking a birthday gift of a piano composition sent by Nietzsche in 1871 to his wife Cosima. German conductor and pianist Hans von Bülow also described another of Nietzsche's pieces as "the most undelightful and the most antimusical draft on musical paper that I have faced in a long time".While at Schulpforta, Nietzsche pursued subjects that were considered unbecoming. He became acquainted with the work of the then almost-unknown poet Friedrich Hölderlin, calling him "my favorite poet" and writing an essay in which he said that the poet raised consciousness to "the most sublime ideality". The teacher who corrected the essay gave it a good mark but commented that Nietzsche should concern himself in the future with healthier, more lucid, and more "German" writers. Additionally, he became acquainted with Ernst Ortlepp, an eccentric, blasphemous, and often drunken poet who was found dead in a ditch weeks after meeting the young Nietzsche but who may have introduced Nietzsche to the music and writing of Richard Wagner. Perhaps under Ortlepp's influence, he and a student named Richter returned to school drunk and encountered a teacher, resulting in Nietzsche's demotion from first in his class and the end of his s.... Discover the Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche books.

Best Seller Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Books of 2023

  • The Collected Works of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel synopsis, comments

    The Collected Works of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    This meticulously edited collection has been formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents: Introduction: The Life and Work of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich...

  • Zur Genealogie der Moral synopsis, comments

    Zur Genealogie der Moral

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Zur Genealogie der Moral Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Das Werk, das aus einer Vorrede und drei Abhandlungen besteht, gehört zu den einflussreichsten Schriften Nietzsches. Er legte ...

  • Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche synopsis, comments

    Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    This collection was designed for optimal navigation on iPad and other electronic devices. All books included in this collection feature a hyperlinked table of contents and footno...

  • Beyond Good and Evil synopsis, comments

    Beyond Good and Evil

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    SUPPOSING that Truth is a womanwhat then? Is there not ground for suspecting that all philosophers, in so far as they have been dogmatists, have failed to understand womenthat the ...

  • Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra synopsis, comments

    Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Lorsque Zarathoustra eut atteint sa trentième année, il quitta sa patrie et le lac de sa patrie et s'en alla dans la montagne. Là il jouit de son esprit et de sa solitude et ne s'e...

  • Philosophische Temperamente synopsis, comments

    Philosophische Temperamente

    Peter Sloterdijk

    Die großen Weltendeuter im PortraitVierzig Jahre nach Wolfgang Weischedels Philosophischer Hintertreppe präsentiert Peter Sloterdijk philosophische Temperamente von Platon bis Fouc...

  • Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche synopsis, comments

    Beyond Good and Evil - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsches Beyond Good and Evil is a critical response to metaphysical writings that try to define good and evil. Nietzsche advocates for an individualized way of...

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche synopsis, comments

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    William H. F. Altman

    By subjecting Nietzsche to a Platonic critique, author William H. F. Altman punctures his “pose of untimeliness” while making use of Nietzsche’s own aphoristic style of presentatio...

  • Nietzsches Zarathustra Auslegen synopsis, comments

    Nietzsches Zarathustra Auslegen

    Murat Ateş, Helmut Heit, Irene Treccani, Choong-Su Han, Thomas Land, Ulrich Alexander Götz, Paul Stephan, Gaia Domenici, Anna Taton, Berislav Podrug, Selena Pastorino, Nina Tolksdorf & Elnaz Seyedi

    Nietzsche selbst schrieb einst über seinen Zarathustra, dieser sei "das tiefste Buch, das die Menschheit hat […] Aber mit dem kann man nicht anfangen". Tatsächlich machte e...

  • The Antichrist synopsis, comments

    The Antichrist

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    The Antichrist Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche The Antichrist is a book by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1895. Although it was written in 1888, its con...

  • Thus Spake Zarathustra synopsis, comments

    Thus Spake Zarathustra

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Thus Spake Zarathustra Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None (German: Also sprach Zarathustra: Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, also translated ...

  • Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra synopsis, comments

    Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Livre de tous les superlatifs, le Zarathoustra de Nietzsche continue de fasciner, 120 ans après sa première publication. Par son écriture, d'abord, qui rappelle, à bien des égards,...

  • Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist synopsis, comments

    Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Ecce homo, Wie man wird, was man ist Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Ecce Homo, Wie man wird, was man ist, stellt eine autobiographische Schrift Nietzsches dar. Er hält hierin Rücksch...

  • Also sprach Zarathustra synopsis, comments

    Also sprach Zarathustra

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Also sprach Zarathustra Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche Also sprach Zarathustra (Untertitel Ein Buch für Alle und Keinen, 1883–1885) ist ein dichterischphilosophisches Werk des deuts...

  • The Collected Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche synopsis, comments

    The Collected Works of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

    This comprehensive eBook presents the complete works or all the significant works the Œuvre of this famous and brilliant writer in one ebook easytoread and easytonavigate: Beyo...