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Lily Zante Biography & Facts

Zantedeschia is a genus of eight species of herbaceous, perennial, flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to southern Africa from South Africa north to Malawi. The genus has been introduced on all continents except Antarctica. Common names include arum lily for Z. aethiopica and calla and calla lily for Z. elliottiana and Z. rehmannii, although members of the genus are neither true lilies of Liliaceae, true Arums, nor true Callas (related genera in Araceae). The colourful flowers and leaves of both species and cultivars are greatly valued and commonly grown as ornamental plants. Description Zantedeschia species are rhizomatous, herbaceous, perennial plants with some species, e. g., Zantedeschia aethiopica, growing to 1.2m tall, while Zantedeschia rehmannii does not exceed 60 cm in height, growing in clumps or clusters.Roots: Contractile, emerging from the top of the tubers in Group II.Stem: The underground portion is variously described as a thick underground stem, i. e., a rhizome or tuber. While the literature is confusing as to the exact terminology, generally the Zantedeschia aethiopica-Zantedeschia odorata group (Group I) is considered to have rhizomes and the remaining species tubers. The rhizomes are fleshy and branched. Leaves: Petioles are long, spongy, sheathed at the bases, and of varying lengths, from 15 cm (Zantedeschia rehmannii) to 1.5 m (Zantedeschia aethiopica). The lamina is simple, elongated, and coriaceous with a variety of shapes, including triangular, oval (ovate), with or without a point (elliptic), heart-shaped (cordate), spear-shaped (hastate), lance-shaped (lanceolate), oblong, or circular (orbicular). 15–60 cm in length, 5–25 cm in width. The leaves are dark green in colour, feather-veined (pinnate), and may be erect or spreading with undulate margins. Some species exhibit transparent flecking (maculation), and are therefore described as maculate, while others are immaculate. (see Table I, also New Zealand Calla Council Leaf Shape Images) The leaves contain hydathodes that result in guttation. Inflorescence: Takes the form of a solitary pseudanthium (false flower), with a showy white or yellow spathe (a specialised petal like bract) shaped like a funnel with a yellow, central, finger-like spadix, which carries the true flowers. Both spathe and spadix are carried on or above the leaves on the fleshy flower stem. The shape of the spathe whose overlapping margins form the tubes varies from trumpet shaped (Z. pentlandii) to a tight tube with a tapering tip (Z. rehmannii). The spathe is initially green, but as it unfolds becomes coloured. This may be white as in Z. aethiopica, but other species include yellow and pink. Cultivars have a wide variety of other spathe colours including orange and purple. Inside the spathe, the throat may be darkly coloured. The spathe acts to attract pollinators.Flowers: Zantedeschia is monoecious, in which separate male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers ("imperfect" or "unisexual" flowers) are carried on the spadix. The flowers are small and non-blooming without a perianth. The male flowers contain two to three stamens fused to form a synandrium, and the female flowers have a single, compound pistil with three fused carpels and three locules. Fruit: Beaked orange or red berries. Taxonomy Zantedeschia is the sole genus in the tribe Zantedeschieae in a 1997 classification of the Araceae. Species Eight species are currently recognized: Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. – giant white arum lily or common arum lily - South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Zantedeschia albomaculata (Hook.) Baill. – spotted arum lily - widespread from South Africa north to Nigeria and Tanzania Zantedeschia elliottiana (W.Watson) Engl. – yellow or golden arum lily - Mpumalanga Province of South Africa Zantedeschia jucunda Letty - Leolo Mountains of northern South Africa Zantedeschia odorata P.L.Perry - Western Cape Province Zantedeschia pentlandii (R.Whyte ex W.Watson) Wittm. - Mpumalanga Province of South Africa Zantedeschia rehmannii Engl. – pink arum lily - South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique Zantedeschia valida (Letty) Y.Singh - KwaZulu-Natal Province of South AfricaEtymology The name of the genus was given as a tribute to Italian botanist Giovanni Zantedeschi (1773–1846) by the German botanist Kurt Sprengel (1766–1833). Distribution and habitat All species are endemic to central and southern Africa, from Nigeria to Tanzania and South Africa. Z. aethiopica grows naturally in marshy areas and is only deciduous when water becomes scarce. It grows continuously when watered and fed regularly and can survive periods of minor frosts. Z. aethiopica is a very strong and sturdy plant, being able to grow in many soils and habitats, multiplying by rhizome-offsets; it is naturalised and regarded as a weed throughout much of the world. Z. odorata is a rare species, resembling Z. aethiopica, but deciduous and smelling like freesia, endemic to a few localities in South Africa. Z. albomaculata is a widespread and variable species, growing from South Africa north to Kenya, varying in shades of white to cream and pink to orange-shades. Z. jucunda and Z. pentlandii are rare species with large yellow showy flowers. Z. rehmannii is a pink-flowered species with sword shaped leaves. Z. elliotiana is known from horticultural sources only and is probably of hybrid origin. Introduction Zantedeschia was introduced to Europe in the seventeenth century as Z. aethiopica, and is now widely naturalised in Europe, North America, Central America, South America, Oceania, and Australasia. In many places it is considered a dangerous invasive species that displaces native vegetation. In the South-West of Western Australia, Z. aethiopica was introduced for horticulture, but has become a widespread and conspicuous weed of watercourses, heath, and wet pastures to the extent that it has been declared a pest in Western Australia and landowners must control it and attempts to sell plants must be reported. Zantedeschia in North America is primarily grown as ornamental cultivars in home gardens. Habitat Z. aethiopica grows naturally in marshy areas and is only deciduous when water becomes scarce. It grows continuously when watered and fed regularly and can survive periods of minor frosts. Z. aethiopica is a very strong and sturdy plant, being able to grow in many soils and habitats, multiplying by rhizome-offsets. Cultivation All Zantedeschia produce large, showy flowers spathes and are often grown both as ornamental plants and for cut flowers. Zantedeschia are relatively hardy plants, but some are more winter-hardy than others. In this regard there may be considered two groups, a hardy outdoor group with large white flowers (arum lilies) and less hardy group with white-spotted leaves and flowers in many colours (calla lilies), such as yellow, orange, pink and purple. Hardy forms (arum lilies) These include Zantedeschia aethiopi.... Discover the Lily Zante popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Lily Zante books.

Best Seller Lily Zante Books of December 2021

Underdog book summary, reviews and downlod

Underdog

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Elias Cardoza needs one chance, just one, to prove himself. He wants to fight Trent 'The Tank' Garrison, the undisputed heavyweight champion of the world, but his manager doesn't thin...

Fool's Gold book summary, reviews and downlod

Fool's Gold

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Unlucky in love... it seems to be the story of her life.Swept up in a romance built on lies and deceit, Andrea has learned her lesson.Her guard is up. And no man will ever bri...

Honeymoon For One book summary, reviews and downlod

Honeymoon For One

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Ava Ramirez has known happier days.Suffering from fever and all alone at home on New Year's Eve, she is unceremoniously dumped by her fiancé just six weeks before their V...

The Promise book summary, reviews and downlod

The Promise

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This is the prequel to The Billionaire's Love Story.Recently divorced, Savannah Page arrives in New York with her young son determined to make a new life.Tormented bi...

November Sun book summary, reviews and downlod

November Sun

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Rough, rugged and sinfully sexy - that's the man she's fallen in love with.A man her mother would never approve of.But it doesn't matter, because her happy-ever-after is almos...

Honeymoon Series (Books 1-4) book summary, reviews and downlod

Honeymoon Series (Books 1-4)

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Jilted bride romance: A sweeping story of love and romance, and friends and family, set against the magical backdrop of Italy.*** Enjoy Books 1-4 of the Honeymoon Series i...

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Reclaiming Love

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A relationship gone bad. A breakup gone wrong. Two strangers in need.When the cool, self-assured and gorgeous guy from work starts flirting with her, Melissa finds it hard to bel...

Italian Summer Series (Books 1-4) book summary, reviews and downlod

Italian Summer Series (Books 1-4)

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Romance in Italy, set against the magical backdrop of Bellagio, Verona and Rome.** Books 1-4 of the Italian Summer Series are now in one boxed set: **It Takes Two (#...

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All That Glitters

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He is every woman's dream...The jaw-droppingly handsome American businessman.And he seems to have eyes only for her.Andrea Brunelli enjoys life. She loves her ...

A Perfect Match Series (Books 1-3) book summary, reviews and downlod

A Perfect Match Series (Books 1-3)

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*** Enjoy Books 1, 2 & 3 from A Perfect Match Series ***Sometimes, love finds you when you least expect it ...The Proposal (Book 1)

Honeymoon Bliss book summary, reviews and downlod

Honeymoon Bliss

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She took a chance and found love in Italy. He found the woman of his dreams. Neither of them expected to fall in love but what could have been just a holiday romance quickly turned to a deep...

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Honeymoon Blues

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After being so cruelly dumped by her fiancé weeks before their Valentine's Day wedding, Ava Ramirez could be forgiven for going on honeymoon alone, in the hope of finding herself again.

Misplaced Love book summary, reviews and downlod

Misplaced Love

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Longing. Yearning. Misplaced Love.Cutting short her trip around South America  and returning to the city she left behind, Zoe  Carter is more determined than eve...

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Embracing Love

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Divorced. Embittered. Eager for escape.An opportunity to work in Europe allows Tanya Braun a much needed escape from San Francisco.With the future she once dre...

Roman Encounter book summary, reviews and downlod

Roman Encounter

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One week in Rome.An escape from home.An encounter that changes everything.Gina Morosini has spent her life pleasing others. Trust-worthy, reliable and sympathe...

Heart Sync book summary, reviews and downlod

Heart Sync

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A serendipitous meeting at her sister's bachelorette party leads ambitious career woman, Nadine to cross paths with Ethan, a sexy and struggling artist.Comfortable in her corpora...

A Perfect Match Series (Books 4-6) book summary, reviews and downlod

A Perfect Match Series (Books 4-6)

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*** Enjoy Books 4-6 of A Perfect Match series:Misplaced Love, Reclaiming Love and Embracing Love in one collection. ***These last three books are standalone romances...

New Beginnings book summary, reviews and downlod

New Beginnings

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She lost the love of her life once.And when life gave her a second chance, she lost again.But some things are meant to be.Twenty-two years ago, Elsa Ramirez ha...

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Love, Inc

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Lexi Stanning is a beautiful and intelligent secretarial temp who loves  working in  lots of different places. Not content with working for a boss,  Lexi is also  working...

Honeymoon For Three book summary, reviews and downlod

Honeymoon For Three

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Mistrustful of men and doubting her life choices, jilted bride Ava Ramirez goes on honeymoon alone, hoping to find peace and tranquility so that she can get her life back in order.

Lost In Solo book summary, reviews and downlod

Lost In Solo

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Nadine Stefano doesn't care for romance. Her sights are set at the top of the career ladder. A corporate high-flier, she works hard and gets results. Men barely feature in her life plan. ...

Baby Steps book summary, reviews and downlod

Baby Steps

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Married and with a new baby, life has never looked better for Ava. It's almost perfect.When a horrific car accident forces Nico to recuperate at home, rest is the last thi...

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A Leap of Faith

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Having taken their relationship to another level, Ethan and Nadine quickly discover that life is no easier.With career demands greater than ever, insecurities threaten to unsettl...

The Proposal book summary, reviews and downlod

The Proposal

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When a high flying career woman meets a sexy, struggling artist at her sister's bachelorette party, she has no idea just how much her life is destined to change.Nadine Stefano ha...

An Unexpected Gift book summary, reviews and downlod

An Unexpected Gift

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Caitlin Quinn has just walked out of a miserable  relationship with her abusive boyfriend and is finally  starting to get her life back on track again. Walking home  late on a...

It Takes Two book summary, reviews and downlod

It Takes Two

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Rona Fernández left Verona with a clutch of happy memories. Her late night and frequent visits to the charming Gioberti's restaurant had raised some eyebrows but nobody was overly suspiciou...

Best Seller Lily Zante Audio Books of December 2021

The Offer (Books 1-3) MP3 Audiobook

The Offer (Books 1-3)

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He begins to thaw. She begins to trust. They're meant for one another. It's almost too good to be true.A misunderstanding between between Savannah and Tobias causes t...

The Offer (Books 1-3): The Billionaire's Love Story (The Billionaire's Love Story Boxset, Book 2) (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

The Offer (Books 1-3): The Billionaire's Love Story (The Billionaire's Love Story Boxset, Book 2) (Unabridged)

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He begins to thaw. She begins to trust. They're meant for one another. It's almost too good to be true. A misunderstanding between between Sava...

The Gift: Books 1-3: The Billionaire's Love Story (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

The Gift: Books 1-3: The Billionaire's Love Story (Unabridged)

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“Anything can be bought, Savannah, and everything has a price.”“Only in your universe, Tobias.”What happens when the ruthless billionaire who cares for no one...

The Gift (Books 1-3) MP3 Audiobook

The Gift (Books 1-3)

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The Billionaire's Love Story is a rags-to-riches Cinderella love story set in New York.A ruthless billionaire who cares for no one. A single mom who needs to make a new start.

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