Who is Mary Shelley?

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Mary Shelley Biography & Facts

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (UK: ; née Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist who wrote the Gothic novel Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818), which is considered an early example of science fiction. She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin and her mother was the philosopher and feminist activist Mary Wollstonecraft. Shelley's mother died less than a month after giving birth to her. She was raised by her father, who provided her with a rich if informal education, encouraging her to adhere to his own anarchist political theories. When she was four, her father married a neighbour, Mary Jane Clairmont, with whom Shelley came to have a troubled relationship.In 1814, Shelley began a romance with one of her father's political followers, Percy Bysshe Shelley, who was already married. Together with her stepsister, Claire Clairmont, she and Percy left for France and travelled through Europe. Upon their return to England, Shelley was pregnant with Percy's child. Over the next two years, she and Percy faced ostracism, constant debt and the death of their prematurely born daughter. They married in late 1816, after the suicide of Percy Shelley's first wife, Harriet. In 1816, the couple and Mary's stepsister famously spent a summer with Lord Byron and John William Polidori near Geneva, Switzerland, where Shelley conceived the idea for her novel Frankenstein. The Shelleys left Britain in 1818 for Italy, where their second and third children died before Shelley gave birth to her last and only surviving child, Percy Florence Shelley. In 1822, her husband drowned when his sailing boat sank during a storm near Viareggio. A year later, Shelley returned to England and from then on devoted herself to the upbringing of her son and a career as a professional author. The last decade of her life was dogged by illness, most likely caused by the brain tumour which killed her at age 53. Until the 1970s, Shelley was known mainly for her efforts to publish her husband's works and for her novel Frankenstein, which remains widely read and has inspired many theatrical and film adaptations. Recent scholarship has yielded a more comprehensive view of Shelley's achievements. Scholars have shown increasing interest in her literary output, particularly in her novels, which include the historical novels Valperga (1823) and Perkin Warbeck (1830), the apocalyptic novel The Last Man (1826) and her final two novels, Lodore (1835) and Falkner (1837). Studies of her lesser-known works, such as the travel book Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) and the biographical articles for Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia (1829–1846), support the growing view that Shelley remained a political radical throughout her life. Shelley's works often argue that cooperation and sympathy, particularly as practised by women in the family, were the ways to reform civil society. This view was a direct challenge to the individualistic Romantic ethos promoted by Percy Shelley and the Enlightenment political theories articulated by her father, William Godwin. Life and career Early life Mary Shelley was born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin in Somers Town, London, in 1797. She was the second child of the feminist philosopher, educator, and writer Mary Wollstonecraft and the first child of the philosopher, novelist, and journalist William Godwin. Wollstonecraft died of puerperal fever shortly after Mary was born. Godwin was left to bring up Mary, along with her older half-sister, Fanny Imlay, Wollstonecraft's child by the American speculator Gilbert Imlay. A year after Wollstonecraft's death, Godwin published his Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1798), which he intended as a sincere and compassionate tribute. However, because the Memoirs revealed Wollstonecraft's affairs and her illegitimate child, they were seen as shocking. Mary Godwin read these memoirs and her mother's books, and was brought up to cherish her mother's memory.Mary's earliest years were happy, judging from the letters of William Godwin's housekeeper and nurse, Louisa Jones. But Godwin was often deeply in debt; feeling that he could not raise the children by himself, he cast about for a second wife. In December 1801, he married Mary Jane Clairmont, a well-educated woman with two young children of her own—Charles and Claire. Most of Godwin's friends disliked his new wife, describing her as quick-tempered and quarrelsome; but Godwin was devoted to her, and the marriage was a success. Mary Godwin, on the other hand, came to detest her stepmother. William Godwin's 19th-century biographer Charles Kegan Paul later suggested that Mrs Godwin had favoured her own children over those of Mary Wollstonecraft.Together, the Godwins started a publishing firm called M. J. Godwin, which sold children's books as well as stationery, maps, and games. However, the business did not turn a profit, and Godwin was forced to borrow substantial sums to keep it going. He continued to borrow to pay off earlier loans, compounding his problems. By 1809, Godwin's business was close to failure, and he was "near to despair". Godwin was saved from debtor's prison by philosophical devotees such as Francis Place, who lent him further money. Though Mary Godwin received little formal education, her father tutored her in a broad range of subjects. He often took the children on educational outings, and they had access to his library and to the many intellectuals who visited him, including the Romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge and the former vice-president of the United States Aaron Burr. Godwin admitted he was not educating the children according to Mary Wollstonecraft's philosophy as outlined in works such as A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), but Mary Godwin nonetheless received an unusual and advanced education for a girl of the time. She had a governess, a daily tutor, and read many of her father's children's books on Roman and Greek history in manuscript. For six months in 1811, she also attended a boarding school in Ramsgate. Her father described her at age 15 as "singularly bold, somewhat imperious, and active of mind. Her desire of knowledge is great, and her perseverance in everything she undertakes almost invincible."In June 1812, Mary's father sent her to stay with the dissenting family of the radical William Baxter, near Dundee, Scotland. To Baxter, he wrote, "I am anxious that she should be brought up ... like a philosopher, even like a cynic." Scholars have speculated that she may have been sent away for her health, to remove her from the seamy side of the business, or to introduce her to radical politics. Mary Godwin revelled in the spacious surroundings of Baxter's house and in the companionship of his four daughters, and she returned north in the summer of 1813 for a further .... Discover the Mary Shelley popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Mary Shelley books.

Best Seller Mary Shelley Books of January 2022

The Paper Men book summary, reviews and downlod

The Paper Men

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Fame, success, fortune, a drink problem slipping over the edge into alcoholism, a dead marriage, the incurable itches of middle-aged lust. For Wilfred Barclay, novelist, the final unbearable...

Διπλή γλώσσα book summary, reviews and downlod

Διπλή γλώσσα

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Η Αριήκη πέρασε όλη της τη ζωή υπηρετώντας τον Απόλλωνα. Άσχημο και ατίθασο κορίτσι, ήταν βάρος για τους ...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

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Ritos de passagem

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William Golding Prêmio Nobel e autor de Senhor das Moscas, um clássico da literatura — mergulha fundo na alma humana para revelar seu lado mais sombrio. Em Ritos de passagem, vencedor...

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Turnul

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Suntem în Anglia unui veac de mult apus, pe când legăturile dintre muritori și divinitate se măsoară în grandoarea lăcașurilor de cult. Prelatul Jocelin e chinuitde viziunea o...

Rites of Passage book summary, reviews and downlod

Rites of Passage

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Lose yourself in an epic naval journey in this Booker Prize-winning novel: the first in the acclaimed Sea Trilogy by the author of Lord of the Flies....

Los herederos book summary, reviews and downlod

Los herederos

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A partir de vestigios ancestrales olvidados bajo la tierra, William Golding reconstruye las vidas y las imágenes compartidas de un grupo de neandertales cuyo mundo empieza a desvanecerse cu...

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Moștenitorii

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„Romanele și povestirile lui Golding nu sunt numai parabole morale sobre și mituri întunecate despre forțele distrugătoare și perfide ale răului, ci și istorii aventuroase, pline d...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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William Golding’s unforgettable classic of boyhood adventure and the savagery of humanity comes to Penguin Classics in a stunning Graphic Deluxe Edition with a new foreword by Lois Lowr...

An Egyptian Journal book summary, reviews and downlod

An Egyptian Journal

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A first-hand journal about the Goldings' travels through Egypt, soon after winning the Nobel Prize, living on a motor cruiser on the Nile. Nothing went quite as planned, but William Golding'...

El Señor de las Moscas book summary, reviews and downlod

El Señor de las Moscas

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"El señor de las moscas" es Premio Nobel de Literatura 1983, una fábula moral acerca de la condición humana.Urdida en torno a la situación límite de una treintena de ...

Lord of the Flies (Herr der Fliegen) von William Golding. book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies (Herr der Fliegen) von William Golding.

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Königs Erläuterungen – Textanalyse und Interpretation mit ausführlicher Inhaltsangabe und AbituraufgabenIn einem Band bieten dir die neuen Königs Erläuterungen alles, was ...

Darkness Visible book summary, reviews and downlod

Darkness Visible

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The destinies of three mysterious lost children entwine in this James Tait Black Memorial Prize-winning fable by the radical Nobel Laureate and author of Lord of the Flies

The Inheritors book summary, reviews and downlod

The Inheritors

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Hunt, trek, and feast among Neanderthals in this stunning novel by the radical Nobel Laureate and author of Lord of the Flies.This was a differe...

El señor de las moscas book summary, reviews and downlod

El señor de las moscas

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Una treintena de muchachos son los únicos supervivientes de un naufragio en el que perecen todos los adultos. Enseguida se plantea cómo sobrevivir en tales condiciones, y no tardan en crea...

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Il destino degli eredi

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Come sempre, a primavera, la gente si sposta dai territori invernali, presso il mare, attraversa il fiume, passa la cascata e si arrampica su per le rocce boscose. Ma quest'anno suoni mister...

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The Pyramid

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Oliver is eighteen and wants to enjoy himself before going to university. But this is the 1920s and he lives in Stilbourne, a small English country town where everyone knows what everyone el...

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Władca much

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Jedna z najsłynniejszych powieści o upadku kultury i cywilizacji, która weszła na stałe do kanonu najważniejszych dzieł XX wieku Grupa chłopców, którzy jako jed...

The Double Tongue book summary, reviews and downlod

The Double Tongue

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With an introduction by Meg RosoffWilliam Golding's final novel, left in draft at his death, tells the story of a priestess of Apollo. Arieka is one of the last to prophes...

The Scorpion God book summary, reviews and downlod

The Scorpion God

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The three short novels in this collection, The Scorpion God, show Golding at his playful, ironic and mysterious best. In 'The Scorpion God' we see the world of ancient Egypt at the ti...

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Lord of the flies

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William Golding's compelling story about a group of very ordinary small boys marooned on a coral island has become a modern classic. At first it seems as though it is all going to be gre...

Senhor das Moscas book summary, reviews and downlod

Senhor das Moscas

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Um romance indispensável de William Golding, vencedor do prêmio Nobel, sobre a natureza do mal e a tênue linha que separa a civilidade da barbárie. Considerado um dos 100 melhores romanc...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

Il Signore delle Mosche book summary, reviews and downlod

Il Signore delle Mosche

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Un gruppo di ragazzi inglesi, sopravvissuti a un incidente aereo, resta abbandonato a se stesso su un'isola deserta e si trasforma in una terribile tribù di selvaggi sanguinari dai macabri ...

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Pincher Martin

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Experience a shipwrecked sailor's psychic disintegration into 'a naked madman on a rock' by the radical Nobel Laureate and author of Lord of the Flies.An hour...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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Golding’s iconic 1954 novel, now with a new foreword by Lois Lowry, remains one of the greatest books ever written for young adults and an unforgettable classic for readers of any ag...

Moving Target book summary, reviews and downlod

Moving Target

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An important and illuminating collection of essays and lectures by the winner of the 1983 Nobel Prize for Literature. William Golding writes about places as diverse as Wiltshire, where he li...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

Il Signore delle Mosche book summary, reviews and downlod

Il Signore delle Mosche

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Un gruppo di ragazzi inglesi, sopravvissuti a un incidente aereo, resta abbandonato a se stesso su un'isola deserta e si trasforma in una terribile tribù di selvaggi sanguinari dai macabri ...

The Spire book summary, reviews and downlod

The Spire

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Succumb to one churchman's apocalyptic vision in this prophetic tale by the radical Nobel Laureate and author of Lord of the Flies, William Golding (recorded by Benedict Cum...

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Free Fall

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Sammy Mountjoy, artist, rises from poverty and an obscure birth to see his pictures hung in the Tate Gallery. Swept into World War Two, he is taken as a prisoner-of-war, threatened with tort...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

Ο Άρχοντας των Μυγών book summary, reviews and downlod

Ο Άρχοντας των Μυγών

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Ένα αεροπλάνο πέφτει σ’ ένα τροπικό νησί. Οι επιζήσαντες, μικροί μαθητές από την Αγγλία, διαπιστώνουν σ...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

Fire Down Below book summary, reviews and downlod

Fire Down Below

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Lose yourself in an epic naval journey in the final novel in the Booker Prize-winning Sea Trilogy by the author of Lord of the Flies.I th...

Senhor das Moscas (Nova edição) book summary, reviews and downlod

Senhor das Moscas (Nova edição)

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Um romance indispensável de William Golding, vencedor do prêmio Nobel, sobre a natureza do mal e a tênue linha que separa a civilidade da barbárie. Considerado um dos 100 melhores ro...

The Hot Gates and other occasional pieces book summary, reviews and downlod

The Hot Gates and other occasional pieces

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A dazzling collection of occasional writings by the Nobel Prize-winning novelist on subjects ranging from Thermopylae to the English Channel, and from Coral Island to Jules Verne.

Close Quarters book summary, reviews and downlod

Close Quarters

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Lose yourself in an epic naval journey in the second novel in the Booker Prize-winning Sea Trilogy by the author of Lord of the Flies.Thi...

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Fluernes herre

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Under en atomkrig strander en flok engelske skoledrenge på en øde koralø. Her begynder de at indrette et samfund på deres helt egne præmisser. "Her har vi at gøre med det underfulde; e...

Lord of the Flies book summary, reviews and downlod

Lord of the Flies

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At the dawn of the next world war, a plane crashes on an uncharted island, stranding a group of schoolboys. At first, with no adult supervision, their freedom is something to celebrate; this...

Best Seller Mary Shelley Audio Books of January 2022

The Spire MP3 Audiobook

The Spire

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Dean Jocelin has a vision: that God has chosen him to erect a great spire on his cathedral. His mason anxiously advises against it, for the old cathedral was built without foundations. Never...

Lord of the Flies (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Lord of the Flies (Unabridged)

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William Golding's classic novel of primitive savagery and survival is one of the most vividly realized and riveting works in modern fiction. The tale begins after a plane wreck deposits a g...

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