Who is Susan Griscom?

Susan Griscom Popular Books

Susan Griscom Biography & Facts

Elizabeth Griscom Ross (née Griscom; January 1, 1752 – January 30, 1836), also known by her second and third married names, Ashburn and Claypoole, was an American upholsterer who was credited by her relatives in 1870 with making the first American flag, accordingly known as the Betsy Ross flag. Though most historians dismiss the story, Ross family tradition holds that General George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and two members of a congressional committee—Robert Morris and George Ross—visited Mrs. Ross in 1776. Mrs. Ross convinced George Washington to change the shape of the stars in a sketch of a flag he showed her from six-pointed to five-pointed by demonstrating that it was easier and speedier to cut the latter. However, there is no archival evidence or other recorded verbal tradition to substantiate this story of the first American flag. It appears that the story first surfaced in the writings of her grandson in the 1870s (a century after the fact), with no mention or documentation in earlier decades.Ross made flags for the Pennsylvania navy during the American Revolution. After the Revolution, she made U.S. flags for over 50 years, including 50 garrison flags for the U.S. Arsenal on the Schuylkill River during 1811. The flags of the Pennsylvania navy were overseen by the Pennsylvania Navy Board. The board reported to the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly's Committee of Safety. In July 1775, the President of the Committee of Safety was Benjamin Franklin. Its members included Robert Morris and George Ross. At that time, the committee ordered the construction of gunboats that would eventually need flags as part of their equipment. As late as October 1776, Captain William Richards was still writing to the committee or Council of Safety to request the design that he could use to order flags for their fleet.Ross was one of those hired to make flags for the Pennsylvania fleet. An entry dated May 29, 1777, in the records of the Pennsylvania Navy Board includes an order to pay her for her work. It is worded as follows: The Pennsylvania navy's ship color included (1) an ensign; (2) a long, narrow pennant; and (3) a short, narrow pennant. The ensign was a blue flag with 13 stripes—seven red stripes and six white stripes in the flag's canton (upper-left-hand corner). It was flown from a pole at the rear of the ship. The long pennant had 13 vertical, red-and-white stripes near the mast; the rest was solid red. It flew from the top of the ship's mainmast, the center pole holding the sails. The short pennant was solid red, and flew from the top of the ship's mizzenmast—the pole holding the ship's sails nearest the stern (rear of the ship). Early life and education Betsy Ross was born on January 1, 1752, to Samuel Griscom (1717–1793) and Rebecca James Griscom (1721–1793) on the Griscom family farm in Gloucester City, New Jersey. Ross was the eighth of seventeen children, of whom only nine survived childhood. A sister, Sarah (1745–1747), and brother, William (1748–1749), died before Elizabeth ("Betsy") was born (another sister, Sarah Griscom Donaldson (1749–1785), was named after the earlier deceased Sarah). Ross was just five years old when her sister Martha (1754–1757) died, and another sister, Ann (1757–1759), only lived to the age of two. Brothers Samuel I (1753–1756) and Samuel II (1758–1761) both died at age three. Two others, twins, brother Joseph (1759–1762) and sister Abigail (1759–1762), died in one of the frequent smallpox epidemics in the autumn of 1762. Ross grew up in a household where the plain dress and strict discipline of the Quakers dominated. She learned to sew from a great aunt, Sarah Elizabeth Ann Griscom. Ross's great-grandfather, Andrew Griscom, a member of the Quakers and a carpenter, had emigrated in 1680 from England.After her schooling at a Quaker-run state school, Ross's father apprenticed her to an upholsterer named William Webster. Ross family tradition Research conducted by the National Museum of American History of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. notes that the story of Betsy Ross making the first American flag for General George Washington entered into American consciousness about the time of the 1876 centennial celebrations, with the Centennial Exposition then scheduled to be held in Philadelphia. In 1870, Ross's grandson, William J. Canby, presented a research paper to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in which he claimed that his grandmother had "made with her hands the first flag" of the United States. Canby said he first obtained this information from his aunt Clarissa Sydney (Claypoole) Wilson in 1857, 20 years after Ross's death. Canby dates the historic episode based on Washington's journey to Philadelphia, in the late spring of 1776, a year before the Second Continental Congress passed the first Flag Act of June 14, 1777.In the 2008 book The Star-Spangled Banner: the Making of an American Icon, Smithsonian Institution experts point out that Canby's recounting of the event appealed to patriotic Americans then eager for stories about the Revolution and its heroes and heroines. Betsy Ross was promoted as a patriotic role model for young girls and a symbol of women's contributions to American history. American historian Laurel Thatcher Ulrich further explored this line of enquiry in a 2007 article, "How Betsy Ross Became Famous: Oral Tradition, Nationalism, and the Invention of History".Ross was merely one of several flag makers in Philadelphia (such as Rebecca Young, who is historically documented to have made the earlier Grand Union Flag of 1775–76, with the British Union Jack of the crosses of St. George and St. Andrew, in the upper corner canton and 13 alternating red and white stripes for the "United Colonies") for the Continental Army, along with many other ships' colors, banners, and flags which were advertised in local newspapers. Rebecca Young's daughter Mary Young Pickersgill (1776–1857) made the flag of 15 stars and stripes in 1813, begun at her house and finished on the floor of a nearby brewery, delivered to the commander of the fort the year before the British attack of September 12–14, 1814, on Fort McHenry in Baltimore, during the War of 1812, (receiving a government-issued receipt for the work of two flags, a large 30 by 42 foot (9.1 by 12.8 m) "garrison flag" and a smaller "storm flag"), then seen by Francis Scott Key (1779–1843) and which inspired him to write the poem which later became the national anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner. Pickersgill's small 1793 rowhouse is still preserved in East Baltimore's Old Town neighborhood at East Pratt and Albemarle Streets and is known as the "Flag House & Star-Spangled Banner Museum". Occasionally over the decades, there has been some controversy and disagreement between the relative merits and historical accuracies of the two flag-making traditions and historical sites in Ph.... Discover the Susan Griscom popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Susan Griscom books.

Best Seller Susan Griscom Books of December 2021

Beautifully Wounded book summary, reviews and downlod

Beautifully Wounded

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Sometimes the only way to salvation... is to take a leap of faith.Jackson Beaumont prides himself on being a nature-loving, guitar-strumming, carefree sort of guy. When th...

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Abalado por um vampiro

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Lane DeMarco é um vampiro quebrado atormentado por um passado horrível que torna impossível a intimidade e a confiança. Sua paixão por tocar música é a única coisa satisfatória...

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Lindamente Usada

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Lindamente Usada por Susan Griscom Sexo sem amarras. É assim que eu gosto. Isso pode soar cruel para você, mas não julgue um homem antes de colocar-se no lugar dele....

Tentada por um vampiro book summary, reviews and downlod

Tentada por um vampiro

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Cian Demarco é um musico talentoso – e um vampiro. Ele está contente vivendo a vida solo em São Francisco, brincando com a banda no Clube Royal aos fins de semana...  Até satisfaz...

Broken Wide Open book summary, reviews and downlod

Broken Wide Open

4.5/5$3.99

When your heart is broken, sometimes all you need is a gentle smile.Grace Davidson didn't have the smoothest childhood, but now, years later, she's ready to start her new ...

Beaumont Brothers Complete Series Box Set book summary, reviews and downlod

Beaumont Brothers Complete Series Box Set

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Three sexy brothers. Three sinfully sexy reads.This box set contains books 1 -3 of the Beaumont Brothers.Beautifully Wounded, Book 1 - Someti...

Dark Moon Falls: MILO book summary, reviews and downlod

Dark Moon Falls: MILO

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Welcome to Dark Moon Falls … where everything is not as it seems. It has secrets, shifters, romance, villains and so much more.Milo Hart left Dark Moon Falls to pursue h...

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Reflect the Flame

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Murder and mystery befall the sleepy town of Whisper Cape once again, creating suspicion and betrayal around every corner… Gerry has loved Maia from the very first ...

Protected by a Vampire book summary, reviews and downlod

Protected by a Vampire

5/5Free

Gage McAllister, the oldest vampire in The Lost Boys Rock Band, tries to stay away from the brave young woman who helped him recover from a debilitating stab wound five years ago. She remind...

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Captivated by a Vampire

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She was everything he'd learned to hate, but she was also everything his soul desired.Chelle Masterson:I'm done with vampires.Especia...

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Sconvolta da un vampiro

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Lane DeMarco è un vampiro a pezzi, tormentato da un orribile passato che rende impossibili ogni intimità e fiducia. La sua passione, suonare musica, è l'unica cosa che lo soddisfa ab...

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Hermosamente Desatendida

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Estaba destrozado.Lleno de odio y tristeza.Asher Beaumont nunca pidió mucho en su vida. Todo lo que quería era tocar la guitarra, escribir música y ser reconocido ...

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Ignite the Flame

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He can take her anywhere her heart desires, but she can bring him to his knees with the gentle flick of her finger.When the tragic death of her father brings Addison MacKe...

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Tentata da un vampiro

0/5$4.99

Cian DeMarco è un musicista di talento - e un vampiro. È soddisfatto della sua vita da single a San Francisco, dove suona col suo gruppo al Club Royal tutti i fine settimana... finch...

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Tame the Flame

4.5/5$3.99

He lost his memory. She lost him.In a town full of magic, mayhem, and murder, magical side effects aren't unheard of. Unfortunately, it's Addison's lover, Cael who's affec...

Libera di Volare book summary, reviews and downlod

Libera di Volare

0/5$4.99

Jackson Beaumont si vanta di essere un brav'uomo che ama la musica. Quando la misteriosa Lena Benton entra nel suo locale, non può ignorare la sua aria impaurita e la sua fragilit...

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Possessed by a Vampire

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They possess the power to make their dreams come true--but it won't be easy.Preston Knight--Elvis to his friends--loves being a vampire. The night he was turned was the fi...

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Lindamente Ferida

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Jackson Beaumont se orgulha de ser um amante da natureza, guitarrista e um cara livre. Quando a misteriosa Lena Benton entra em seu bar parecendo estar assustada e derrotada, não é algo qu...

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Poseída por un Vampiro

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DescripciónPoseen el poder de hacer sus sueños realidad, pero no será fácil.Preston Knight -Elvis para sus amigos- ama ser un vampiro. La noche en que se convirti...

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Possuida por um Vampiro

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Preston Knight — Elvis para seus amigos — adora ser um vampiro. A noite em que ele se transformou foi o primeiro passo para que ele se tornasse o tipo de homem que ele sempre espero...

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Refrain - Neriza - Blood Courtesans

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One fateful night changed my life forever and brought secrets to light I never could have imagined, leaving me parentless, penniless, and caring for an ailing sister. My father was not the m...

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Rockeada por un Vampiro

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Lane DeMarco es un vampiro plagado de un pasado horrible que vuelve imposible para él la intimidad y la confianza. Su pasión por la música es lo único que lo satisface lo suficiente para...

A Gypsy's Kiss book summary, reviews and downlod

A Gypsy's Kiss

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Breena CassidyCursed with what could be one of the worst supernatural abilities imaginable, Breena has never had the luxury of falling in love. Hell, she's never even held...

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Hermosamente Utilizada

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Estaba destrozado.Lleno de odio y tristeza.Asher Beaumont nunca pidió mucho en su vida. Todo lo que quería era tocar la guitarra, escribir música y ser reconocido ...

Dark Moon Falls: Cooper book summary, reviews and downlod

Dark Moon Falls: Cooper

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Welcome to Dark Moon Falls … where everything is not as it seems. It has secrets, shifters, romance, villains and so much more.When Cooper Bennett returns home to Dark Moon Falls for hi...

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Beautifully Undone

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He was broken.Full of hate and sorrow.Asher Beaumont never asked for much in life. All he wanted was to play his guitar, write music, and be recognized ...

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Bewitched by a Vampire

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Five years ago, Maggie and Vanessa received a psychic reading from the mysterious Madame Fontaine.And now the reckoning has come!Vanessa is happy with her life...

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Rocked by a Vampire

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The gripping next installment in the steamy Immortal Hearts of San Francisco series. Reader's Favorite Silver Medal Winner. 2017 Roné Award 1st runner up in the Paranormal Romance C...

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Tempted by a Vampire

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Love lurks right around the corner...but it might be too dangerous to pursue.Everything is just the way Maggie has always imagined it would be with a new job and a new apa...

Immortal Hearts of San Francisco book summary, reviews and downlod

Immortal Hearts of San Francisco

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Books 1 - 3 of the Immortal Hearts of San Francisco SeriesBook 1 Tempted by a VampireEnter a world of temptation and lust, where rock stars are not only...

Cativado por um Vampiro book summary, reviews and downlod

Cativado por um Vampiro

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Josh Barrett conhece suas prioridades - reportando as notícias durante o dia, bebendo-se em um estupor auto-ódio à noite. Suas tendências workaholic não podem mascarar completament...

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Beautifully Used

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Sex with no strings. That's the way Brodie Beaumont likes it. He uses women and they use him...Suave, handsome Brodie Beaumont has a history of using and being used by wom...

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Hermosamente Herida

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Jackson Beaumont se enorgullece de ser un tipo amante de la naturaleza, guitarrista y despreocupado. Cuando la misteriosa Lena Benton entra en su bar con aspecto de asustada y derrotada, no ...

Quebrada em Mil Pedaços book summary, reviews and downlod

Quebrada em Mil Pedaços

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Às vezes, quando o seu coração está quebrado, tudo o que você precisa é de um sorriso gentil.Grace Davidson não teve a infância mais fácil, mas, agora, ano...

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Catturato da una vampira

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Josh Barrett conosce le proprie priorità: di giorno riportare le notizie, di notte bere fino a uno stordimento autolesionista. La sua tendenza a drogarsi di lavoro non riesce a fargli rimuo...

Tentada por un vampiro book summary, reviews and downlod

Tentada por un vampiro

0/5$4.99

Cian DeMarco es un músico talentoso, y un vampiro. Está contento de vivir la vida soltera en San Francisco, tocando con su banda en el Club Royal cada fin de semana ... hasta que cono...

Wet Kisses: A Zodiac Shifters Paranormal Romance - Pisces book summary, reviews and downlod

Wet Kisses: A Zodiac Shifters Paranormal Romance - Pisces

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Adrian Marlowe is a dolphin-shifter who can shift into a dragon, a new and dangerous development to his shifter abilities. Now he's gone from wealthy CEO to man on a mission: Figure out how ...

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Un Cuore Infranto

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Un nuovo romanzo stand-alone della pluripremiata autrice Susan Griscom.A volte quando hai il cuore spezzato, tutto ciò di cui hai bisogno è un sorriso gentile.Grace...

Best Seller Susan Griscom Audio Books of December 2021

Beautifully Wounded MP3 Audiobook

Beautifully Wounded

Romance$7.99

Sometimes the only way to salvation... is to take a leap of faith.Jackson Beaumont prides himself on being a nature-loving, guitar-strumming, carefree sort of guy. When the myste...

Beautifully Undone MP3 Audiobook

Beautifully Undone

Romance$7.99

He was broken.Full of hate and sorrow.Asher Beaumont never asked for much in life. All he wanted was to play his guitar, write music, and be recognized and loved by h...

Captivated by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Captivated by a Vampire

Romance$7.99

She was everything he’d learned to hate, but she was also everything his soul desired.Chelle Masterson:I'm done with vampires.Especially rock and roll p...

Beautifully Used MP3 Audiobook

Beautifully Used

Romance$9.99

Sex with no strings. That’s the way I like it.BrodieThat may sound heartless to you, but don’t judge a man until you’ve walked in his shoes. And believe me; you...

Reflect the Flame MP3 Audiobook

Reflect the Flame

Romance$7.99

Murder and mystery befall the sleepy town of Whisper Cape once again, creating suspicion and betrayal around every corner…Gerry has loved Maia from the very first moment he lai...

Reflect the Flame: The Sectorium, Book 2 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Reflect the Flame: The Sectorium, Book 2 (Unabridged)

Romance$12.99

Murder and mystery befall the sleepy town of Whisper Cape once again, creating suspicion and betrayal around every corner.Gerry has loved Maia from the very first moment h...

Rocked by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Rocked by a Vampire

Romance$7.99

The gripping next installment in the steamy Immortal Hearts of San Francisco series. Lane DeMarco is a broken vampire plagued by a horrific past that makes intimacy and trust imp...

Possessed by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Possessed by a Vampire

Romance$7.99

They possess the power to make their dreams come true—but it won’t be easy.Preston Knight—Elvis to his friends—loves being a vampire. The night he was turned was the firs...

Wet Kisses - A Zodiac Shifters Paranormal Romance: Pisces (The Sectorium Series, Book 5) MP3 Audiobook

Wet Kisses - A Zodiac Shifters Paranormal Romance: Pisces (The Sectorium Series, Book 5)

Romance$5.99

A Stand-Alone edition to the Sectorium SeriesAdrian Marlowe is a dolphin-shifter who can shift into a dragon, a new and dangerous development to his shifter abilities. Now he’s...

Refrain: Neriza, A Vampire Bood Courtesan Romance MP3 Audiobook

Refrain: Neriza, A Vampire Bood Courtesan Romance

Romance$4.99

One fateful night changed my life forever and brought secrets to light I never could have imagined, leaving me parentless, penniless, and caring for an ailing sister. My father was not the m...

Ignite the Flame MP3 Audiobook

Ignite the Flame

Romance$7.99

He can take her anywhere her heart desires, but she can bring him to his knees with the gentle flick of her finger.When the tragic death of her father brings Addison MacKenna bac...

A Gypsy's Kiss MP3 Audiobook

A Gypsy's Kiss

Romance$6.99

"An entertaining story of first love mystery and drama to keep you turning the pages. A Gypsy's Kiss is a paranormal story that has its own flavor and characters with great interaction."

Beautifully Wounded: The Beaumont Brothers, Book 1 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Beautifully Wounded: The Beaumont Brothers, Book 1 (Unabridged)

Romance$12.99

Sometimes the only way to salvation...is to take a leap of faith.Jackson Beaumont prides himself on being a nature-loving, guitar-strumming, carefree sort of guy. When the...

Protected by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Protected by a Vampire

Romance$9.99

Can love like theirs withstand the ravages of time?Gage McAllister, the oldest vampire in The Lost Boys Rock Band, tries to stay away from the brave young woman who helped him re...

Tempted by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Tempted by a Vampire

Romance$7.99

Love lurks around the corner...but it might be too dangerous to pursue. Everything is just the way Maggie has always imagined it would be with a new job and a new apartment ...

Bewitched by a Vampire MP3 Audiobook

Bewitched by a Vampire

Romance$5.99

Five years ago, Maggie and Vanessa received a psychic reading from the mysterious Madame Fontaine.And now the reckoning has come!Vanessa is happy with her life just t...

Allusive Aftershock: Teen Romance MP3 Audiobook

Allusive Aftershock: Teen Romance

Kids & Young Adults$7.99

What happens when a major earthquake changes your entire world, and the boy you thought you hated ends up saving your life? Three times!Courtland Reese is the guy everyone hates ...

Broken Wide Open MP3 Audiobook

Broken Wide Open

Romance$7.99

"Broken Wide Open is a roller coaster ride of emotions. Grace and Leo tell their story sharing the uphill, downhill and screaming drops in a way that kept me glued to the book from beginning...

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