Who is Chanda Hahn?

Chanda Hahn Popular Books

Chanda Hahn Biography & Facts

Sanskrit prosody or Chandas refers to one of the six Vedangas, or limbs of Vedic studies. It is the study of poetic metres and verse in Sanskrit. This field of study was central to the composition of the Vedas, the scriptural canons of Hinduism, so central that some later Hindu and Buddhist texts refer to the Vedas as Chandas.The Chandas, as developed by the Vedic schools, were organized around seven major metres, and each had its own rhythm, movements and aesthetics. Sanskrit metres include those based on a fixed number of syllables per verse, and those based on fixed number of morae per verse.Extant ancient manuals on Chandas include Pingala's Chandah Sutra, while an example of a medieval Sanskrit prosody manual is Kedara Bhatta's Vrittaratnakara. The most exhaustive compilations of Sanskrit prosody describe over 600 metres. This is a substantially larger repertoire than in any other metrical tradition. Etymology The term Chandas (Sanskrit: छन्दः/छन्दस् chandaḥ/chandas (singular), छन्दांसि chandāṃsi (plural)) means "pleasing, alluring, lovely, delightful or charming", and is based on the root chad which means "esteemed to please, to seem good, feel pleasant and/or something that nourishes, gratifies or is celebrated". The term also refers to "any metrical part of the Vedas or other composition". History The hymns of Rigveda include the names of metres, which implies that the discipline of Chandas (Sanskrit prosody) emerged in the 2nd-millennium BCE. The Brahmanas layer of Vedic literature, composed between 900 BCE and 700 BCE, contains a complete expression of the Chandas. Panini's treatise on Sanskrit grammar distinguishes Chandas as the verses that compose the Vedas, from Bhāṣā (Sanskrit: भाषा), the language spoken by people for everyday communication.The Vedic Sanskrit texts employ fifteen metres, of which seven are common, and the most frequent are three (8-, 11- and 12-syllable lines). The post-Vedic texts, such as the epics as well as other classical literature of Hinduism, deploy both linear and non-linear metres, many of which are based on syllables and others based on diligently crafted verses based on repeating numbers of morae (matra per foot). About 150 treatises on Sanskrit prosody from the classical era are known, in which some 850 metres were defined and studied by the ancient and medieval Hindu scholars.The ancient Chandahsutra of Pingala, also called Pingala Sutras, is the oldest Sanskrit prosody text that has survived into the modern age, and it is dated to between 600 and 200 BCE. Like all Sutras, the Pingala text is distilled information in the form of aphorisms, and these were widely commented on through the bhashya tradition of Hinduism. Of the various commentaries, those widely studied are the three 6th century texts - Jayadevacchandas, Janashrayi-Chhandovichiti and Ratnamanjusha, the 10th century commentary by Karnataka prosody scholar Halayudha, who also authored the grammatical Shastrakavya and Kavirahasya (literally, The Poet's Secret). Other important historical commentaries include those by the 11th-century Yadavaprakasha and 12th-century Bhaskaracharya, as well as Jayakriti's Chandonushasana, and Chandomanjari by Gangadasa. Major encyclopedic and arts-related Hindu texts from the 1st and 2nd millennium CE contain sections on Chandas. For example, the chapters 328 to 335 of the Agni Purana, chapter 15 of the Natya Shastra, chapter 104 of the Brihat Samhita, the Pramodajanaka section of the Manasollasa contain embedded treatises on Chandas. Elements Nomenclature A syllable (akshara, अक्षर), in Sanskrit prosody, is a vowel following one or more consonants, or a vowel without any. A short syllable is one ending with one of the short (hrasva) vowels, which are a (अ), i (इ), u (उ), ṛ (ऋ) and ḷ (ऌ). The long syllable is defined as one with one of the long (dirgha) vowels, which are ā (आ), ī (ई), ū (ऊ), ṝ (ॠ), e (ए), ai (ऐ), o (ओ) and au (औ), or one with a short vowel followed by two consonants.A stanza (śloka) is defined in Sanskrit prosody as a group of four quarters (pādas). Indian prosody studies recognise two types of stanzas. Vritta stanzas are those that have a precise number of syllables, while jati stanzas are those that are based on syllabic time-lengths (morae, matra) and can contain varying numbers of syllables.The vritta stanzas have three forms: Samavritta, where the four quarters are similar in pattern, Ardhasamavritta, where alternate verses have a similar syllabic structure, and Vishamavritta where all four quarters are different. A regular Vritta is defined as that where the total number of syllables in each line is less than or equal to 26 syllables, while irregulars contain more. When the metre is based on morae (matra), a short syllable is counted as one mora, and a long syllable is counted as two morae. Classification The metres found in classical Sanskrit poetry are sometimes alternatively classified into three kinds. Syllabic verse (akṣaravṛtta or aksharavritta): metres depend on the number of syllables in a verse, with relative freedom in the distribution of light and heavy syllables. This style is derived from older Vedic forms, and found in the great epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Syllabo-quantitative verse (varṇavṛtta or varnavritta): metres depend on syllable count, but the light-heavy patterns are fixed. Quantitative verse (mātrāvṛtta or matravritta): metres depend on duration, where each verse-line has a fixed number of morae, usually grouped in sets of four.Light and heavy syllables Most of Sanskrit poetry is composed in verses of four lines each. Each quarter-verse is called a pāda (literally, "foot"). Meters of the same length are distinguished by the pattern of laghu ("light") and guru ("heavy") syllables in the pāda. The rules distinguishing laghu and guru syllables are the same as those for non-metric prose, and these are specified in Vedic Shiksha texts that study the principles and structure of sound, such as the Pratishakhyas. Some of the significant rules are: A syllable is laghu only if its vowel is hrasva ("short") and followed by at most one consonant before another vowel is encountered. A syllable with an anusvara ('ṃ') or a visarga ('ḥ') is always guru. All other syllables are guru, either because the vowel is dīrgha ("long"), or because the hrasva vowel is followed by a consonant cluster. The hrasva vowels are the short monophthongs: 'a', 'i', 'u', 'ṛ' and 'ḷ' All other vowels are dirgha: 'ā', 'ī', 'ū', 'ṝ', 'e', 'ai', 'o' and 'au'. (Note that, morphologically, the last four vowels are actually the diphthongs 'ai', 'āi', 'au' and 'āu', as the rules of sandhi in Sanskrit make clear.) Gangadasa Pandita states that the last syllable in each pāda may be considered guru, but a guru at the end of a pāda is never counted as laghu.For measurement by mātr.... Discover the Chanda Hahn popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Chanda Hahn books.

Best Seller Chanda Hahn Books of October 2021

The Iron Butterfly book summary, reviews and downlod

The Iron Butterfly

4.5/5$0.99

Thalia knows three things;Her first name.That she barely escaped the clutches of the Septori with the help of a mysterious stranger.And that her run in wi...

The Steele Wolf book summary, reviews and downlod

The Steele Wolf

4.5/5$3.99

After finally settling into her new life at the Citadel, Thalia is reunited with her father, Bearen, the leader of the reclusive Valdyrstahl Clan.Forced to leave the school and r...

Lost Girl book summary, reviews and downlod

Lost Girl

4.5/5$3.99

Wendy doesn't remember anything about Neverland—or the experiments done on her there as a child. Seven years later, all she wants is a normal life, but shape-shifting shadows plague her dr...

The Silver Siren book summary, reviews and downlod

The Silver Siren

5/5$3.99

Every journey has an end.Unable to find the answers she sought in Skyfell, Thalia, Joss, and Kael travel to Haven with a prisoner in tow. An attack on the road waylays their plans, and...

Of Sea and Song book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Sea and Song

4.5/5$4.99

I killed a man to protect my sister, and now I am a fugitive. With bounty hunters hot on my trail— willing to take me dead or alive— I’m forced to disguise myself as a cabin boy on the...

Of Glass and Glamour book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Glass and Glamour

4.5/5$4.99

Born under a hunter’s moon, abandoned as a child, I was raised to be a powerful sorceress—okay, a mediocre sorceress. All right, I’m good at glamour and can make things sparkle, if my ...

Of Beast and Beauty book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Beast and Beauty

4.5/5$0.99

Something evil this way comes.7 Vengeful Sisters7 Fairytale Kingdoms7 Daughters of EvilleEveryone dreams of marrying a prince--except for me. I am nothing...

UnEnchanted book summary, reviews and downlod

UnEnchanted

4.5/5Free

Mina Grime is unlucky, unpopular and uncoordinated, that is until she saves her crush's life on a field trip, changing her High School status from loser to hero overnight. But with her new f...

Of Gold and Greed book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Gold and Greed

0/5Pre-Order

A twisted fairytale perfect for fans of Holly Black and Sarah J Maas.Set in the world of the Seven Kingdoms and part of the Daughters of Eville Series.Can be read as a standalone...

Fable book summary, reviews and downlod

Fable

5/5$3.99

All that glitters is not gold.When something precious is stolen from sixteen-year-old Mina Grime, she will do anything in her power to get it back, even if it means traveling to ...

Of Thorn and Thread book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Thorn and Thread

4.5/5$4.99

Born an empath, I have the power—and burden—of hearing thoughts and feeling emotions. Retreating from the world, my only refuge is an ancient tower, but my haven is shattered when an inj...

Fairest book summary, reviews and downlod

Fairest

4.5/5$3.99

Mirror, Mirror, on the wall,Who is the Fairest of them all?In the sequel to UnEnchanted, Mina Grime discovers that all is not fair when it comes to the Fae and their tales, espec...

Reign book summary, reviews and downlod

Reign

5/5$4.99

Going to the Fae plane against Jared’s orders has cost Mina dearly. Her decision haunts her as a new danger surfaces back on the human plane. The Grimms are fading from existence.

Underland book summary, reviews and downlod

Underland

4.5/5$3.99

Long ago, before humans forgot them for all eternity, monsters and immortals retreated below ground to seek shelter. But what do the Greek Gods do when they're bored? They bring back the Oly...

Lost Shadow book summary, reviews and downlod

Lost Shadow

4.5/5$4.99

Not all shadows are monsters.And some were never meant to die.Wendy is on a quest for vengeance after Hook kidnapped the lost boys and destroyed their school. Stuck as a sh...

Jared's Quest: An Unfortunate Fairy Tale Short Story book summary, reviews and downlod

Jared's Quest: An Unfortunate Fairy Tale Short Story

4.5/5$0.99

This is an 11K word short story placed in the UnEnchanted world, meant to be read between UnEnchanted & Fairest.Mina Grime is a Grimm, bent on sending Jared, and his Fae kind...

Of Mist and Murder book summary, reviews and downlod

Of Mist and Murder

4.5/5$4.99

Captured by an evil sorcerer, I’m forced to become his apprentice and learn forbidden magic. Teetering on the edge between good and evil, I trade my soul for power. Allemar wants to contro...

Underlord book summary, reviews and downlod

Underlord

4.5/5$3.99

Kira Lier thought she had escaped Underland and the monsters within, but her freedom was only an illusion, an extravagant lie created by the Underlords to keep her imprisoned. To break free ...

Forever book summary, reviews and downlod

Forever

5/5$4.99

With the Godmother Guild destroyed by Teague's army, Mina finds herself without the guidance of her Fae Godmother. Alone and confused, she must lean on her friends for support. The dark prin...

Lost Boy book summary, reviews and downlod

Lost Boy

4.5/5$4.99

After nearly losing Wendy, Peter returns her to her family but fears she may not be safe from Hook. Torn between protecting Wendy and leading the lost boys, he must decide to fulfill his dut...

Best Seller Chanda Hahn Audio Books of October 2021

Lost Shadow: Neverwood Chronicles, Book 3 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Lost Shadow: Neverwood Chronicles, Book 3 (Unabridged)

Sci-Fi & Fantasy$22.99

Not all shadows are monsters. And some were never meant to die. Wendy is on a quest for vengeance after Hook kidnapped the lost boys and destroyed their school. Stuck as a shadow, Peter’s ...

The Steele Wolf: Book 2 of the Iron Butterfly Series MP3 Audiobook

The Steele Wolf: Book 2 of the Iron Butterfly Series

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

After finally settling into her new life at the Citadel, Thalia is reunited with her father, Bearen, the leader of the reclusive Valdyrstahl Clan.Forced to leave the school and r...

Of Beast and Beauty: Daughters of Eville MP3 Audiobook

Of Beast and Beauty: Daughters of Eville

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

Seven vengeful sisters. Seven fairytale kingdoms. Seven daughters of Eville.Everyone dreams of marrying a prince—except for me. I am nothing more than a pawn in my adopt...

Of Sea and Song MP3 Audiobook

Of Sea and Song

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

This is the third book in the Daughters of Eville series. This is Meri's story.

Lost Boy - Neverwood Chronicles MP3 Audiobook

Lost Boy - Neverwood Chronicles

Sci-Fi & Fantasy$22.99

After nearly losing Wendy, Peter returns her to her family but he fears she may not be safe from Hook. Torn between protecting Wendy and leading the Lost Boys, he must decide to fulfill his ...

The Silver Siren MP3 Audiobook

The Silver Siren

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

Every journey has an end.Unable to find the answers she sought in Skyfell, Thalia, Joss, and Kael travel to Haven with a prisoner in tow. An attack on the road waylays the...

The Iron Butterfly MP3 Audiobook

The Iron Butterfly

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

Thalia knows three things: Her first name. That she barely escaped the clutches of the Septori with the help of a mysterious stranger. And that her run...

UnEnchanted MP3 Audiobook

UnEnchanted

Kids & Young Adults$12.99

Mina Grime is unlucky, unpopular and uncoordinated; that is until she saves her crush's life on a field trip, changing her high school status from loser to hero overnight. But with her new f...

Fairest MP3 Audiobook

Fairest

Kids & Young Adults$12.99

Mina Grime discovers that all is not fair when it comes to the Fae and their tales, especially when they don't all play by the rules. Barely surviving the Story's first fairy tale quest, Min...

Forever MP3 Audiobook

Forever

Kids & Young Adults$14.99

With the Godmother Guild destroyed by Teague's army, Mina finds herself without the guidance of her Fae godmother. Alone and confused, she must lean on her friends for support. The dark prin...

Underland MP3 Audiobook

Underland

Kids & Young Adults$12.99

Long ago, before humans forgot them for all eternity, monsters and immortals retreated below ground to seek shelter. But what do the Greek Gods do when they're bored? They bring back the Oly...

Lost Girl - Neverwood Chronicles MP3 Audiobook

Lost Girl - Neverwood Chronicles

Sci-Fi & Fantasy$22.99

Wendy doesn't remember anything about Neverland or the experiments done on her there as a child. Seven years later, all she wants is a normal life, but shape-shifting shadows plague her drea...

Of Glass and Glamour MP3 Audiobook

Of Glass and Glamour

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

Born under a hunter's moon, abandoned as a child, I was raised to be a powerful sorceress—okay, a mediocre sorceress. All right, I'm good at glamour and can make things sparkle, if my spel...

Of Thorn and Thread MP3 Audiobook

Of Thorn and Thread

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

The tales from the seven kingdoms continues with the story of Aura.

Reign MP3 Audiobook

Reign

Sci-Fi & Fantasy$22.99

From the New York Times bestselling author, going to the Fae plane against Jared’s orders has cost Mina dearly. Her decision continues to haunt her as a new danger surfaces. The Grimms are...

Fable MP3 Audiobook

Fable

Kids & Young Adults$12.99

When something precious is stolen from sixteen-year-old Mina Grime, she will do anything in her power to get it back, even if it means traveling to the dangerous Fae plane and battling one o...

Lost Girl: Neverwood Chronicles, Book 1 (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Lost Girl: Neverwood Chronicles, Book 1 (Unabridged)

Kids & Young Adults$12.99

Wendy doesn't remember anything about Neverland or the experiments done on her there as a child. Seven years later, all she wants is a normal life, but shape-shifting shadows plague her drea...

Lost Shadow: Neverwood Chronicles (Unabridged) MP3 Audiobook

Lost Shadow: Neverwood Chronicles (Unabridged)

Kids & Young Adults$16.99

Not all shadows are monsters. And some were never meant to die. Wendy is on a quest for vengeance after Hook kidnapped the lost boys and destroyed their school. Stuck as a s...

You were invited to try Coinbase!Coinbase is the world's most trusted place to buy and sell cryptocurrency. Open an account today, and if you buy or sell $100 or more of crypto, you'll receive $10 worth of free Bitcoin!