J K Rowling Biography & Facts
Joanne Rowling, ( ROH-ling; born 31 July 1965), known by her pen name J. K. Rowling, is a British author, philanthropist, film producer, and screenwriter. She is the author of the Harry Potter series, which has won multiple awards and sold more than 500 million copies as of 2018, and became the best-selling book children's series in history in 2008. The books are the basis of a popular film series. She also writes crime fiction under the pen name Robert Galbraith.
Born in Yate, Gloucestershire, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International in 1990 when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London. The seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband, and relative poverty until the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, was published in 1997. There were six sequels, of which the last was released in 2007. Since then, Rowling has written several books for adult readers: The Casual Vacancy (2012) and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction Cormoran Strike series. In 2020, her "political fairytale" for children, The Ickabog, was released in instalments in an online version.Rowling has progressed from living on benefits to being named the world's first billionaire author by Forbes. Rowling disputed the assertion, saying she was not a billionaire. Forbes reported that she lost her billionaire status after giving away much of her earnings to charity. Her UK sales total in excess of £238 million, making her the best-selling living author in Britain. The 2021 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling's fortune at £820 million, ranking her as the 196th richest person in the UK. Rowling was appointed a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to literature and philanthropy. She established the Volant Charitable Trust to support at-risk women, children and young people and has supported multiple charities, including Comic Relief, Gingerbread, and multiple sclerosis (MS) and coronavirus disease 2019 causes as well as launching her own charity, Lumos.
Time named her a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social, moral, and political inspiration she has given her fans. In October 2010, she was named the "Most Influential Woman in Britain" by leading magazine editors. Rowling has voiced views on UK politics, especially in opposition to Scottish independence and Brexit, and has been critical of her relationship with the press. Since late 2019, she has publicly expressed her opinions on transgender people and related civil rights. These have been criticised as transphobic by LGBT rights organisations and some feminists, but have received support from other feminists and individuals.
Although she writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling, before her remarriage her name was Joanne Rowling, or Jo. At birth, she had no middle name. Staff at Bloomsbury Publishing asked that she use two initials rather than her full name, anticipating that young boys—their target audience—would not want to read a book written by a woman. She chose K (for Kathleen) as the second initial of her pen name, from her paternal grandmother, and because of the ease of pronunciation of two consecutive letters. Following her 2001 remarriage, she has sometimes used the name Joanne Murray when conducting personal business. During the Leveson Inquiry into the practices and ethics of the British press, she gave evidence under the name of Joanne Kathleen Rowling.
Life and career
Early life and education
Joanne Rowling's parents, Anne Rowling (née Volant) and Peter "Pete" James Rowling, met in 1964 when they were both 18 and shared a compartment on a nine-hour train trip departing from King's Cross Station, London bound for their naval posting at Arbroath, Scotland. Pete's father, Ernie, was a machine-tool setter who would later open a grocery shop; Parker writes in The New Yorker that Anne's family was "solidly middle class and educated". As their relationship developed, the couple decided to leave behind the naval life, as they "wanted a rural upbringing" for the baby they were expecting, according to biographer Sean Smith. They married on 14 March 1965 when both were 19 at All Saints Parish Church in Tufnell Park. They settled in Yate, where Pete started work as an assembly-line production worker at the Bristol Siddeley factory, which would later become a part of Rolls-Royce. Neither Anne nor Pete attended university; Anne would later work as a science technician in the secondary school her daughters attended, and Pete would work his way up the executive ladder to become a chartered engineer at Rolls Royce.Joanne Rowling was born on 31 July 1965 at Cottage Hospital in Yate. Her sister Dianne (Di) was born two years after Joanne. The family moved to the nearby village of Winterbourne on the northern fringe of Bristol when Rowling was four. She enrolled at St Michael's Church of England Primary School in Winterbourne when she was five. They lived near the Potter family – a name Rowling always liked. Anne loved to read and the house was filled with books. Pete read The Wind in the Willows to his daughters, and Anne introduced them to the animals in the Richard Scarry books, which led to Rowling's first attempt at writing with the story Rabbit at age six.When Rowling was about nine, the family purchased the historic Church Cottage in the Gloucestershire village of Tutshill, close to Chepstow, Wales, – another home that was filled with books. Anne gave Jo a copy of The Little White Horse around the time they moved to Church Cottage. The Cottage is next door to St. Luke's Church; Smith writes that the Rowling sisters "never attended Sunday school or services", and Parker writes that the other Rowling family members were not regular churchgoers, but that "Rowling regularly attended services in the church next door". In 1974, Rowling began attending the Church of England school 20 yards (18 m) from her home. Smith writes that her teacher Sylvia Morgan was a "battleaxe" who "struck fear into the hearts of the children" and who seated Rowling in "dunces' row" after she performed poorly on an arithmetic test. In 1975, Rowling joined the Brownies where she could explore a magical world away from the stern Morgan. During this time, she wrote a short story, The Seven Cursed Diamonds. She later described herself during this period as "the epitome of a bookish child – short and squat, thick National Health glasses, living in a world of complete daydreams", which according to Smith, prompted comparisons of her to Hermione Granger, which she does not deny.
Rowling’s secondary school was Wyedean School and College. When she was a young teenager, Rowling's great-aunt gave her Hons and Rebels, the autobiography of civil rights .... Discover the J K Rowling popular books. Find the top 100 most popular J K Rowling books.