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Scarlet is a bright red color, sometimes with a slightly orange tinge. In the spectrum of visible light, and on the traditional color wheel, it is one-quarter of the way between red and orange, slightly less orange than vermilion.According to surveys in Europe and the United States, scarlet and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, force, passion, heat, and joy. In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by a cardinal, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice. Scarlet is also associated with immorality and sin, particularly prostitution or adultery, largely because of a passage referring to "The Great Harlot", "dressed in purple and scarlet", in the Bible (Revelation 17:1–6). Uses and varieties Etymology The word comes from the Middle English "scarlat", from the Old French escarlate, from the Latin "scarlatum", from the Persian سقرلات saqerlât. The term scarlet was also used in the Middle Ages for a type of cloth that was often bright red. An early recorded use of scarlet as a color name in the English language dates to 1250. History Ancient world Scarlet has been a color of power, wealth and luxury since ancient times. Scarlet dyes were first mentioned in 8th century BC, under the name Armenian Red, and they were described in Persian and Assyrian writings. The color was exported from Persia to Rome. During the Roman Empire, it was second in prestige only to the purple worn by the Emperors. Roman officers wore scarlet cloaks called paludamenta, and persons of high rank were referred to as the coccinati, the people of red.The color is also mentioned several times in the Bible, both in the Old and New Testament; in the Latin Vulgate version of the book of Isaiah (1:18) it says, "If your sins be as scarlet (si fuerint peccata vestra ut coccinum) they shall be made white as snow", and in the book of Revelation (17:1-6) it describes the "Great Harlot" (meretricius magnus) dressed in scarlet and purple (circumdata purpura et coccino), and riding upon a scarlet beast (besteam coccineam). The Latin term for scarlet used in the Bible comes from coccus, a "tiny grain". The finest scarlets in ancient times were made from the tiny scale insect called kermes, which fed on certain oak trees in Turkey, Persia, Armenia and other parts of the Middle East. The insects contained a very strong natural dye, also called kermes, which produced the scarlet color. The insects were so small they were historically thought to be a kind of grain. This was the origin of the expression "dyed in the grain." Middle Ages and Renaissance The early Christian church adopted many of the symbols of the Roman Empire, including the importance of the color scarlet. The flag of the Crusaders was a scarlet cross on a white background, with scarlet indicating blood and sacrifice. By a church edict in 1295, Cardinals of the church, second in authority to the Pope, wore red robes, but a red closer in color to the purple of the Byzantine Emperors, a color coming from murex, a type of mollusk. After the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453, however, the imperial purple was no longer available, and Cardinals began instead to wear scarlet made from kermes.During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, scarlet was the color worn by Kings, princes and the wealthy, partly because of its color and partly because of its high price. The exact shade, which varied widely, was not as important as the brilliance and richness of the color. The finest scarlet, called scarlatto or Venetian scarlet, came from Venice, where it was made from kermes by a specific guild which closely guarded the formula. Cloth dyed scarlet cost as much as ten times more than cloth dyed with blue. 16th to 19th century In the Assumption, by Titian (1516-1518), the figures of God, the Virgin Mary and two apostles are highlighted by their scarlet costumes, painted with vermilion pigment from Venice. The young Queen Elizabeth I (here in about 1563) liked to wear bright reds, before she adopted the more sober image of the Virgin Queen. Her satin gown was probably dyed with kermes. In the 16th century, an even more vivid scarlet began to arrive in Europe from the New World. When the Spanish conquistadores conquered Mexico, they found that the Aztecs were making brilliant reds from another variety of scale insect called cochineal, similar to the European kermes vermiilo, but producing a better red at a lower cost. The first shipments were sent from Mexico to Seville in 1523. The Venetian guilds at first tried to block the use of the cochineal in Europe, but before the century was over, it was being used to make scarlet dye in Spain, France, Italy, and Holland, and almost all the fine scarlet garments of Europe were made with cochineal. Scarlet was the traditional color of the British nobility in the 17th and 18th century. The members of the House of Lords wore red ceremonial gowns for the opening of Parliament, and today sit on red benches. The red military uniform was adopted by the British Army in 1645, and was still worn as a dress uniform until the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914. Ordinary soldiers wore red coats dyed with madder, while officers wore scarlet coats dyed with the more expensive cochineal. This led to British soldiers being known as red coats. 20th and 21st century From the 8th century until the early 20th century, the most important scarlet pigment used in western art was vermilion, made from the mineral cinnabar. It was used, along with red lake pigments, by artists from Botticelli and Raphael to Renoir. However, in 1919 commercial production began of an intense new synthetic pigment, cadmium red, made from cadmium sulfide and selenium. The new pigment became the standard red of Henri Matisse and the other important painters of the 20th century. In the 20th century, scarlet also became associated with revolution. Red flags had first been used as revolutionary emblems, symbolizing the blood of martyrs, during the French Revolution and Paris uprisings in 1848. Red became the color of socialism, then communism, and became the color of the flags of both the Soviet Union and Communist China. China still uses a scarlet flag; in Chinese culture red is also the color of happiness. Since the fall of the Soviet Union the flag of Russia is red, blue and white, the colors of the historic Russian flag from the time of Peter the Great, adapted by him from the colors of the Dutch flag. In science and nature Scarlet in culture Academic dress Scarlet is the color worn in traditional academic dress in the United Kingdom for those awarded doctorates. It is also the color of many of the undergraduate gowns worn by students of the ancient universities of Scotland. In academic dress in the United States, scarlet is used for hood bindings (borders).... Discover the Amy Butler Greenfield popular books. Find the top 100 most popular Amy Butler Greenfield books.

Best Seller Amy Butler Greenfield Books of November 2021

Confessions of a Klutz e-book Download

Confessions of a Klutz

Abigail DaviesSeptember 17, 2021$0.99

Confession One: I was a klutz.  I thought I’d grow out of it, but evidently I didn't. It's not fun to look like a fumbling toddler when you're twenty-six. Confession Two: I had a stan...

A Little Life e-book Download

A Little Life

Hanya YanagiharaMarch 10, 2015$2.99

NATIONAL BESTSELLER • A stunning “portrait of the enduring grace of friendship” ( NPR ) about the families we are born into, and those that we make for ourselves. A masterful depiction...

God Bless This Mess e-book Download

God Bless This Mess

Hannah BrownNovember 23, 2021$14.99

“My life was a complete mess, and God bless all of it. Because it’s in the messes where we learn the most—as long as we slow down enough to realize what God is trying to show us....

Tom Clancy Chain of Command e-book Download

Tom Clancy Chain of Command

Marc CameronNovember 16, 2021$14.99

The United States has stared down many threats with President Jack Ryan at the helm, but what if he’s not there when we need him? That’s the question facing a nation in the most shocking...

The Last Thing He Told Me e-book Download

The Last Thing He Told Me

Laura DaveMay 4, 2021$13.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER SELECTION OF THE REESE WITHERSPOON BOOK CLUB A HIGHLY ANTICIPATED, BEST BOOK OF SUMMER SELECTED BY * VOGUE * USA TODAY * ENTERTAINMENT WEEKLY * CNN * TOWN & ...

Mistaken Identity e-book Download

Mistaken Identity

Lisa ScottolineOctober 13, 2009$1.99

“A humdinger” —USA Today “Ratcheting suspense, dynamic characters, and a master’s touch” —David Baldacci, New York Times bestselling author of The Sixth Man With the spellbindi...

Apples Never Fall e-book Download

Apples Never Fall

Liane MoriartySeptember 14, 2021$14.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller From Liane Moriarty, the #1 New York Times bestselling author of Big Little Lies and Nine Perfect Strangers , comes Apples Never Fall , a novel that looks at mar...

False Witness e-book Download

False Witness

Karin SlaughterJuly 20, 2021$3.99

INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER "There's deception, sabotage, violence, family secrets . . . all the stuff you could want from a fictional page-turner."— theSkimm  Recommended ...

It Happened One Summer e-book Download

It Happened One Summer

Tessa BaileyJuly 13, 2021$2.99

USA TODAY BESTSELLER Tessa Bailey is back with a Schitt’s Creek-inspired rom-com about a Hollywood “It Girl” who’s cut off from her wealthy family and exiled to a small Pacific North...

Flying Angels e-book Download

Flying Angels

Danielle SteelNovember 23, 2021$14.99

World War II brings together six remarkable young flight nurses, who face the challenges of war and its many heartbreaks and victories as unsung heroes, in this inspiring novel from #1 New Y...

The Order e-book Download

The Order

Daniel SilvaJuly 14, 2020$9.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller • #1 Wall Street Journal Bestseller From Daniel Silva, the internationally acclaimed #1 New York Times bestselling author, comes a riv...

Thanksgiving e-book Download

Thanksgiving

Janet EvanovichOctober 13, 2009$1.99

When Megan Murphy discovered a floppy-eared rabbit gnawing on the hem of her skirt, she meant to give its careless owner a piece of her mind, but Dr. Patrick Hunter was too attractive to sta...

The Winter Bride e-book Download

The Winter Bride

Alexa RileyNovember 24, 2021$2.99

Boone Adler is new to Hollow Oak, but that doesn't mean he doesn't have a plan. He's found his bride and paid handsomely for her. Now he's just got to keep her safe. Phoebe has grown up in a...

Missing e-book Download

Missing

Susan LewisAugust 24, 2010$0.99

______________________________ What if your partner just disappeared without a trace? It's an early autumn day like any other as Miles Avery drives his wife, Jacqueline, to the station. Noth...

The Real Anthony Fauci e-book Download

The Real Anthony Fauci

Robert F. KennedyNovember 16, 2021$2.99

NATIONAL BESTSELLER! Pharma-funded mainstream media has convinced millions of Americans that Dr. Anthony Fauci is a hero. He is anything but.   As director of the National Institute of ...

The Stranger in the Lifeboat e-book Download

The Stranger in the Lifeboat

Mitch AlbomNovember 2, 2021$11.99

#1 New York Times Bestseller What would happen if we called on God for help and God actually appeared? In Mitch Albom’s profound new novel of hope and faith, a group of shipwrecked passeng...

Verity e-book Download

Verity

Colleen HooverOctober 5, 2021$7.99

A "sublimely creepy" psychological thriller from #1 New York Times bestselling author Colleen Hoover (Tarryn Fisher, New York Times bestselling author). Lowen Ashleigh is a struggling writer...

It Ends with Us e-book Download

It Ends with Us

Colleen HooverAugust 2, 2016$11.99

In this “brave and heartbreaking novel that digs its claws into you and doesn’t let go, long after you’ve finished it” (Anna Todd, New York Times bestselling author) from the #1 New ...

The Awakening e-book Download

The Awakening

Nora RobertsNovember 24, 2020$14.99

#1 New York Times bestselling author of the epic Chronicles of The One trilogy returns with the first in a brand new series where parallel worlds clash over the struggle between good and evi...

The Anomaly e-book Download

The Anomaly

Hervé Le Tellier & Adriana HunterNovember 23, 2021$10.99

NAMED A BEST MYSTERY/THRILLER OF THE YEAR BY PUBLISHERS WEEKLY , A BEST MYSTERY/THRILLER OF THE MONTH BY POPSUGAR , AND A MOST ANTICIPATED READ OF THE YEAR BY CRIMEREADS   Winner of the...

Leave the World Behind e-book Download

Leave the World Behind

Rumaan AlamOctober 6, 2020$2.99

A Read with Jenna Today Show Book Club Pick! Finalist for the 2020 National Book Award (Fiction) A Best Book of the Year From: The Washington Post * Time * NPR * Elle * Esquir...

The Becoming e-book Download

The Becoming

Nora RobertsNovember 23, 2021$14.99

A new epic of love and war among gods and humans, from the #1 New York Times bestselling author of The Awakening. The world of magick and the world of man have long been estranged from one a...

The Dark Hours e-book Download

The Dark Hours

Michael ConnellyNovember 9, 2021$14.99

“A masterpiece”—LAPD detective Renée Ballard must join forces with Harry Bosch to find justice in a city scarred by fear and social unrest after a methodical killer strikes on Ne...

The Judge's List e-book Download

The Judge's List

John GrishamOctober 19, 2021$14.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BEST SELLER • Investigator Lacy Stoltz follows the trail of a serial killer, and closes in on a shocking suspect—a sitting judge—in “one of the best crime reads of ...

Mercy e-book Download

Mercy

David BaldacciNovember 16, 2021$14.99

The #1 New York Times bestselling author with 150 million copies sold worldwide returns with his next blockbuster thriller featuring FBI Agent Atlee Pine.

Never e-book Download

Never

Ken FollettNovember 9, 2021$15.99

New York Times Bestseller The new must-read epic from master storyteller Ken Follett: more than a thriller, it’s an action-packed, globe-spanning drama set in the present day.   “A ...

Will e-book Download

Will

Will Smith & Mark MansonNovember 9, 2021$14.99

The instant #1 New York Times bestseller! “It's the best memoir I've ever read.” — Oprah Winfrey “Will Smith isn't holding back in his bravely inspiring new memoir . . . An...

The Reading List e-book Download

The Reading List

Sara Nisha AdamsAugust 3, 2021$2.99

A BEST OF SUMMER READ ACCORDING TO NEWSWEEK, PARADE MAGAZINE, NBC NEWS, LITHUB, AND POPSUGAR! "The most heartfelt read of the summer...a surprising delight of a novel."--Shondaland An unforg...

The Complete Wheel of Time Series Set (1-14) e-book Download

The Complete Wheel of Time Series Set (1-14)

Robert JordanOctober 28, 2020$39.99

Soon to be an original series starring Rosamund Pike as Moiraine! The Wheel of Time®, Robert Jordan's internationally bestselling fantasy series, has captured the imaginations of millions o...

Good Omens e-book Download

Good Omens

Neil Gaiman & Terry PratchettJune 28, 2011$2.99

The classic collaboration from the internationally bestselling authors Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett, soon to be an original series starring Michael Sheen and David Tennant. ?Season 2 of G...

The Christmas Bookshop e-book Download

The Christmas Bookshop

Jenny ColganNovember 16, 2021$11.99

“Sublime…Colgan infuses her latest book with humor, wit, suspense and a perfectly cast love triangle.”--USA Today Perfect for the holidays! A brand-new heartwarming Christmas nove...

The Rose Code e-book Download

The Rose Code

Kate QuinnMarch 9, 2021$2.99

“The reigning queen of historical fiction” --  Fiona Davis, New York Times bestselling author of The Lions of Fifth Avenue   The New York Times and USA Toda...

A Court of Silver Flames e-book Download

A Court of Silver Flames

Sarah J. MaasFebruary 16, 2021$3.99

Sarah J. Maas's sexy, richly imagined series continues with the journey of Feyre's fiery sister, Nesta. Nesta Archeron has always been prickly-proud, swift to anger, and slow to forg...

The Wish e-book Download

The Wish

Nicholas SparksSeptember 28, 2021$7.99

With exclusive travel photos and a special letter from the Author, only available for e-readers. From the author of The Longest Ride and The Return comes a novel about the enduring legacy of...

Dune e-book Download

Dune

Frank HerbertSeptember 1, 1975$9.99

NOW A MAJOR MOTION PICTURE directed by Denis Villeneuve, starring Timothée Chalamet, Zendaya, Jason Momoa, Rebecca Ferguson, Oscar Isaac, Josh Brolin, Stellan ...

The Eye of the World e-book Download

The Eye of the World

Robert JordanSeptember 15, 2000$10.99

Now an original series starring Rosamund Pike as Moiraine! The first novel in Robert Jordan's #1 New York Times bestselling epic fantasy series, The Wheel of Time®. The Wheel of Time turns ...

The Black Swan of Paris e-book Download

The Black Swan of Paris

Karen RobardsJune 30, 2020$2.99

An exquisite WWII novel illuminating the strength of three women in occupied Paris, for fans of The Nightingale, The Alice Network and The Lost Girls of Paris. "A truly outsta...

Go Tell the Bees That I Am Gone e-book Download

Go Tell the Bees That I Am Gone

Diana GabaldonNovember 23, 2021$15.99

#1 New York Times bestselling author Diana Gabaldon returns with the newest novel in the epic Outlander series.   The past may seem the safest place to be . . . but it is the most dange...

The Lincoln Highway e-book Download

The Lincoln Highway

Amor TowlesOctober 5, 2021$14.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER A TODAY Show Read with Jenna Book Club Pick A New York Times Notable Book, and Chosen by Oprah Quarterly and The Washington Post as a Best Book of the Year “Wi...

Sins of the Fathers e-book Download

Sins of the Fathers

J. A. JanceSeptember 24, 2019$2.99

Seattle investigator J. P. Beaumont is drawn into an intriguing, and shockingly personal, case in this superb tale of suspense from New York Times bestselling author J. A. Jance. Former Seat...

The Book of Signs e-book Download

The Book of Signs

Dr. David JeremiahMarch 5, 2019$1.99

From one of the world’s most beloved Bible teachers comes a timely, compelling, and comprehensive biblical interpretation of Bible prophecy, the end times, and the apocalypse viewed throug...

The Lady Most Likely... e-book Download

The Lady Most Likely...

Julia Quinn, Eloisa James & Connie BrockwayDecember 28, 2010$2.99

From Julia Quinn, the author of Bridgerton—along with close friends and bestselling authors Eloisa James and Connie Brockway—comes an enchanting tale of a country house party in which th...

Better Off Dead e-book Download

Better Off Dead

Lee Child & Andrew ChildOctober 26, 2021$14.99

#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • Jack Reacher is back in a brand-new page-turning thriller from acclaimed #1 bestselling authors Lee Child and Andrew Child. Digging graves had not been part ...

The Love Hypothesis e-book Download

The Love Hypothesis

Ali HazelwoodSeptember 14, 2021$9.99

The Instant New York Times Bestseller! As seen on THE VIEW! A BuzzFeed Best Summer Read of 2021 When a fake relationship between scientists meets the irresistible force of attraction, it thr...

Fear No Evil e-book Download

Fear No Evil

James PattersonNovember 22, 2021$14.99

Alex Cross enters the final battle with the all-knowing genius who has stalked him and his family for years. Dr. Alex Cross and Detective John Sampson venture into the rugged Montana wildern...

R.I.S.C. Collection 1 e-book Download

R.I.S.C. Collection 1

Anna BlakelyNovember 8, 2021$0.99

TAKING A RISK, PART ONE: He's former Delta Force and her overprotective best friend. Jake McQueen can handle anything except losing the only woman he's ever loved. As the owner of a black op...

The Players Club Series (Books #1 - #3) e-book Download

The Players Club Series (Books #1 - #3)

Erika WildeJanuary 5, 2018$0.99

The Players Club Series (Includes 3 full length stand-alone novels)<br> <br> PLAYING WITH TEMPTATION<br> When Raina Beck is given an invitation to The Players Club, all she...

Deadly Resemblance e-book Download

Deadly Resemblance

Top Ten PressMay 8, 2021$0.99

Stand Alone novel in the Secret Stalker Series by USA Today Bestselling Author, KIM HORNSBY Jewell Price moves with her son to a small island off Seattle where she can manage her hearing los...

Window Shopping e-book Download

Window Shopping

Tessa BaileyOctober 19, 2021$4.99

A sizzling, standalone, feel-good holiday romance from Tessa Bailey, New York Times bestselling author of It Happened One Summer ... Two weeks before Christmas and all through Manhattan, sho...

Daisy Jones & The Six e-book Download

Daisy Jones & The Six

Taylor Jenkins ReidMarch 5, 2019$4.99

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • A gripping novel about the whirlwind rise of an iconic 1970s rock group and their beautiful lead singer, revealing the mystery behind their infamous breakup—f...

Best Seller Amy Butler Greenfield Audio Books of November 2021

Will (Unabridged) audiobook
Will (Unabridged)Will Smith$19.99

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The Bomber Mafia: A Dream, a Temptation, and the Longest Night of the Second World War audiobook
The Bomber Mafia: A Dream, a Temptation, and the Longest Night of the Second World WarMalcolm Gladwell$4.99

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Greenlights (Unabridged) audiobook
Greenlights (Unabridged)Matthew McConaughey$14.99

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The Wish audiobook
The WishNicholas Sparks$14.99

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The Judge's List: A Novel (Unabridged) audiobook
The Judge's List: A Novel (Unabridged)John Grisham$14.99

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Local Woman Missing audiobook
Local Woman MissingMary Kubica$4.99

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God Bless This Mess audiobook
God Bless This MessHannah Brown$16.99

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Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged) audiobook
Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones (Unabridged)James Clear$14.99

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Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged) audiobook
Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds (Unabridged)David Goggins$21.99

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The Mountain is You: Transforming Self-Sabotage Into Self-Mastery audiobook
The Mountain is You: Transforming Self-Sabotage Into Self-MasteryBrianna Wiest$5.99

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